functions of the parts of a cell

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cell wall

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Biology

10th

19 Terms

1

cell wall

-extra barrier made of cellulose -outside of plant cell -support

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2

vacuole-

-large and central storage of water

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3

chloroplast

-green cause of chlorophyll -energy from sun is turned into sugar

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4

microfilaments and microtubules

-form the cytoskeleton (framework) of the animal cell

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5

microfilaments

rod like and provide movement

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6

microtubules

long slender tubes of protiens that provide framework for cell

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7

cilia

short hair like for movement -made of microtubles

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8

flagella

-long whip like for movement -made of microtubles -ony human cell with this is the sperm cell

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9

cell membrane

-semipermeable -phospholipid bylayar embeded w/ proteins -protiens act as channels -contain ID tags -fluid mosaic model

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10

nucleus

-big large round structure -surrounded by nuclear envelope -stains purple usually -contains nucleus and chromosones -control center for cell

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11

nucleolus

-small inside nucleus -makes ribsomes -has nucleolus plasma (jelly like material)

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12

chromatin

-dna of cell -function involved with heditary -blueprint of cell -chromoson: shortened/condensed/replicated

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13

cytoplasm

-everything in cell membrane beside nucleus -cytosol: jelly surronding organelle -organelles are suspended in glytosol -chemical reaction take place

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14

mitochondria

-bean shaped -food is converted to energy -crista: where ATP takes place

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15

ribsome

-smallest, most important -spherical organelles where protein is synthesized -located throughout cell rough er -made of ribosomal rna

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16

rough endoplasmic reticulum

-elongated canal like membrane -connects nuclear envelope or outside of nucleus -transports proteins

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17

smooth endoplasmic reticulum

-branching network of tubules -no ribosomes -usually connected to rer -transports lipids --detoxification of drugs

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18

golgi apparatus

-stacks like pancakes -secretes and packages

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19

lysosome

-cleans cellular debris -pinch of golgi -attach to bacteria cells -dygestive enzymes

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