Parts of the Brain (AP Psych)

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Pons

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Psychology

15 Terms

1

Pons

Helps coordinate the right and left sides of the body.

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2

Cerebellum

Coordinates voluntary movements and balance. Ex: playing piano or kicking a ball.

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3

Medulla

Controls vital reflexes. Heart rate, breathing, digestion are the big ones. Others include: vomiting, coughing, sneezing, and swallowing.

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4

Reticular Formation

For sleep and arousal. The "on and off" switch for the body when it sleeps.

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5

Frontal Lobe

Lies just behind the forehead, involved in speaking, muscle movements, and making plans and judgments.

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6

Occipital Lobe

Used for seeing/vision.

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7

Parietal Lobe

Lies at the top of the head toward the back, part of the cerebral cortex. Receives sensory input for touch and body position.

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8

Temporal Lobe

Used for hearing.

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9

Hypothalamus

Controls the four F's: fight, flight, feeding, and procreation (you get it).

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10

Hippocampus

Used as a storage bin for short term memories before they turn into long term memories.

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11

Amygdala

Used for emotion. People with a damaged _________ might not be able to recognize emotions on people's faces.

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12

Pituitary Gland

Responsible for hormone releases.

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13

Thalamus

Processes information from all the senses except for smell.

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14

Sensory Cortex

Processes touch and movement sensations. Receives information from the left side of the body, but is on the right side of the brain.

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15

Motor Cortex

Controls voluntary movement. It's on the left hemisphere, but controls the right side of the body.

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