Economics - First Vocab Test

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Economics

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28 Terms

1

Economics

the study of choices with limited resources

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2

Bear Market

people pull money out of stock market...stocks go down

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3

Bull Market

people put money into market...stocks surge

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4

Diversification

spreading out rick by investing in different industries

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5

ROI

return on investment

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6

IPO

initial public offering

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7

Stock

a share in a company

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8

Mutual Fund

collection of many stocks that protects from risk

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9

Bonds

an "I-owe-you"

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10

Appreciation (in economics)

the value goes up

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11

Depreciation

the value goes down

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12

Interest (on a loan)

money the bank charges you for borrowing their money

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13

Interest (on an investment, like a stock or mutual fund)

gains you make on an investment

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14

Inflation

value of money goes down/prices go up

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15

Entrepreneur

risk-taker

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16

Profits

income - costs

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17

Blue Chip stocks

high performance stock

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18

Microeconomics

individual behavior

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19

Macroeconomics

nation behavior

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20

IRA

Individual Retirement Account

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21

Roth IRA

taxed on front end

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22

401K

taxed on back end

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23

Capital Gains Tax

tax on profits

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24

Capital (to start or expand a business)

fancy way of saying "money"

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25

Recession

two consecutive quarters of negative economic growth

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26

Federal Reserve

regulates interest rates

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27

Mortgage

home loan

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28

Compound Interest

time = money

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