Chapter 22: Sustainable Cities

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Smart Growth

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31 Terms

1

Smart Growth

a way to encourage more environmentally sustainable development; encourages clustered, mixed- use neighborhoods.

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2

Urban residents

tend to live longer and have a lower infant mortality rate- better access to medical care, family planning, and social services.

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3

Huge ecological footprints

consume most of Earth’s resources and produces most of the carbon dioxide emissions, high resource input of food, water, and materials resulting in high waste output.

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4

Megalopolis

chain of roughly adjacent metropolitan areas; very large cities.

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5

Environmental advantages

recycling is more feasible, reduces stress on wildlife, and saves energy when relying on mass transit.

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6

Excessive noise

urban dwellers are subject to noise pollution- any unwanted or harmful sound that interferes with hearing, causes stress, etc.

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7

Land use planning

To determine the best present and future use of land.

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8

Urbanization

The creation and growth of urban and suburban areas.

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9

Cluster development

High- density housing units are concentrated on one portion of a parcel and the rest of the land is used for commonly shared open space (live, work, play communities)

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10

Water problems

water demands increase, deeper well drilling, flooding due to a lot of impermeable surfaces, and destroyed wetlands.

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11

Compact Cities

high density like Hong Kong, Tokyo where people get around by foot, bike, or mass transit, many high- rise apartment buildings.

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12

Urbanization

The creation and growth of urban and suburban areas

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13

Urban Sprawl

The growth of low-density development on the edges of cities and towns

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14

Megalopolis

chain of roughly adjacent metropolitan areas; very large cities

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15

Huge ecological footprints

consume most of Earths resources and produces most of the carbon dioxide emissions, high resource input of food, water, and materials resulting in high waste output

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16

Lack of vegetation

vegetation is destroyed to make way for roads, buildings, and housing therefore cities do not benefit from the natural absorption of air pollution, oxygen output, and shade

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17

Water problems

water demands increase, deeper well drilling, flooding due to a lot of impermeable surfaces, and destroyed wetlands

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18

Concentrate pollution and health problems

pollution levels are higher because pollution is produced in a smaller area and cannot be dispersed and diluted

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19

Different climates experience light pollution

cities are generally warmer, rainier, and cloudier; the enormous amount of heat is generated by factories, lights, air conditioners, etc

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20

Slums

areas dominated by tenements and rooming houses where several people may live in a single room

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21

Shantytowns

shacks are built on the outskirts of town Squatter

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22

Settlements

people take unoccupied land without permission for survival

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23

Compact Cities

high density like Hong Kong, Tokyo where people get around by foot, bike, or mass transit, many high-rise apartment buildings

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24

Dispersed Cities

the city is more spread own because of plentiful land, cheap gasoline, and a network of highway systems

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25

Car-Centered Cities

ample land is available for outward expansion resulting in urban sprawl, and passenger vehicles are the main mode of transportation

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26

Land-use planning

To determine the best present and future use of land

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27

Smart Growth

a way to encourage more environmentally sustainable development; encourages clustered, mixed-use neighborhoods

New cards
28

Cluster development

High-density housing units are concentrated on one portion of a parcel and the rest of the land is used for commonly shared open space (live, work, play communities)

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29

Walkability

most stores and recreational activities located within 10 minute's walk of homes and apartments

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30

Mixed Use and Diversity

provides a mix of pedestrian-friendly shops, offices, and homes to encourage people of all ages and races to move in

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31

Smart Transportation

well-designed train and bus systems connecting neighborhoods, towns, and cities

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