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<p>Apollo 11 Stones</p>

Apollo 11 Stones

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<p>Apollo 11 Stones</p>

Apollo 11 Stones

Namibia, Africa; Paleolithic; Charcoal + Stone; 25,500s-25,3000 BCE; Function: ritual, observation, decoration; found on the same day Apollo 11 landed; Discovered by W.E. Wendt; Depiction of unknown animal; Art Mobilier

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<p>Great Hall of the Bulls</p>

Great Hall of the Bulls

Lascaux, France; Paleolithic; Rock painting(bulls covering the ceiling and walls of a cave); Function: ritual(praying for a good hunt), observation, decoration; 15,000-13,000 BCE; Composite perspective(art is starting to get complicated);

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<p>Camelid Sacrum</p>

Camelid Sacrum

Central Mexico; Paleolithic; Pelvis bone(from a Camelot); 14000-7,000 BCE.; Piece was found from a dug-up well(stratigraphic testing was not conducted); When found, it was immediately taken from the area

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<p>Running Horned  Woman</p>

Running Horned Woman

Algeria; Neolithic; Cave painting; 6,000-4,000 BCE.; Function: Religious imagery, ritual; Found tucked into a cave -- potentially an area with more care given to it; UNESCO world heritage site; Found with thousands of other paintings; Discovered by Lt. Brenans and Henri Lhote

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<p>Bushel with Ibex Motifs</p>

Bushel with Ibex Motifs

Susa, Iran(gravesite); Neolithic; Painted terracotta; 4,200-3,500 BCE; Funerary; Depiction of animals is usually done in respect to nature, could be used to wish the departed a good afterlife

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<p>Anthropomorphic Stele</p>

Anthropomorphic Stele

Arabian Peninsula; Neolithic; Sandstone; Fourth Millennium BCE; Function: a stele depicting a warrior; Found with material not native to Saudi Arabia(evidence of trading/a nomadic lifestyle); Funerary/Honorary; Comparisons: Apollo 11 Stones, Running Horned Woman

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<p>Jade Cong</p>

Jade Cong

Liangzhu, China; Neolithic; Carved jade; 3,300-2,000 BCE; May represent heavens/earth, and have beloved deities/emperors carved on the sides; Found with coins at a gravesite; Jade is incredibly hard to carve + lasts long(made to preserve memory?); Comparisons: Apollo 11 Stones

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<p>Stonehenge</p>

Stonehenge

Wiltshire, U.K; Neolithic; Combo of two types of sandstone(Sarsen and Blue); 2,500-1,600 BCE; Function: Religious-astronomical site(stones align with longest + shortest days of the year), ritual/ceremonial, burial(no bodies were found); Discovered by John Aubrey; Phases of Creation: 56 Aubrey holes are dug + blue stones are added, wooden posts in place of Sarsen stones(planning, Sarsen stones; Dug ditches found 2 miles away(may have been for the builders)(Left over broken pots, tools, animal bones)

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<p>Ambum Stone</p>

Ambum Stone

Enga Province, Papua New Guinea; Pre-Classic; Ego People; Greywacke(durable stone); 1,500 BCE; Function: honorary(stone held the soul of an animal), spiritual?; Echidnas were valued for their meat; could be a man with the head of an echidna?; Comparisons: Jade Cong

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10
<p>Tlatilco Figurine</p>

Tlatilco Figurine

site of Tlatilco, Central Mexico; Pre-Classic; Ceramic; 1,200-900 BCE; Function: observational, mythical; other pieces(animals, plants, women) were found with this(made from clay/terracotta); Comparisons: Apollo 11 Sontes, Jade Cong, Ambum Stone

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11
<p>Terracotta Fragment</p>

Terracotta Fragment

Solomon Islands; Pre-Classic; Lapita People; Terracotta; 1,000 BCE; Decoration; Stylized depiction of a person(could have been important to fishing/sea warrior?); Found with a number of other incised terracotta; Oldest human face found in Oceanic art; Comparisons: Apollo 11 Stones, Bushel with Ibex Motifs, Tlatico Figurine

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Art Mobilier

A prehistoric, movable piece of art

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13

Composite Perspective

A pose that combines 2 or more viewpoints in one representation

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14

Funerary

Relating to a funeral

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15

Stylized

Most details have been taken away, the basis for the form itself is very geometric

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Band

The continuous line of detail that goes around an object

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17

Stele

An upright slab commemorating a person or event

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Exogenus

Material that is foreign to the land

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19

Post-Lintel Construction

Two horizonal posts with one vertical post stacked on them(name specifically for construction)

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20

Mortise + Tenon

When creating a trilithon, the posts have curves in them so the lintel will not fall

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Trilithon

One grouping of two posts + one lintel

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Megalith

One giant rock

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Paleolithic

The early phase of the Stone Age

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Neolithic

The latter part of the Stone Age(New Stone Age)

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Profile

An outline of something(typically the face), as seen from one side

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26

Maize

Corn

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27

Echidna

Spiny anteaters

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28

Bi

Ancient Chinese coins

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Ibex

Wild Goat

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Sacrum

Pelvic bone

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Findspot

The place where an archaeological object has been found

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In the round

Standing free(all sides shown)

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Silhouette

The dark shape/outline of something against a lighter background

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Anthropomorphic

Ascribing human characteristics to nonhuman things

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