Chapter 2 Key Issue 1

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What are the four largest population clusters?

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What are the four largest population clusters?

East Asia, South Asia, Europe, Southeast Asia

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2
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What type of characterisitcs do the 4 main clusters share?

Low-lying areas, fertile soil, temperate climates, easy access to an ocean

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3
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How many of the world's inhabitants live in the 4 clusters?

2/3's

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4
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How many of the world's people live in East Asia?

1/4

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5
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What are some countries in East Asia?

Eastern China, Japan, the Korean Peninsula, Taiwan

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What is the most populous country and the fourth largest in land area?

The People's Republic of China

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7
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Where is China's popultion clustered?

Near the Pacific Coast and in fertile river valleys

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8
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How many of China's people live in rural areas and work as farmers?

More than 1/2

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9
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How many of Japan's and Korea's people live in urban areas at industrial or service jobs?

More than 3/4's

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How many of the world's people live in South Asia?

Nearly 1/4

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What are some countries in South Asia?

India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka

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12
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Where are the largest concentrations in South Asia?

900 mile corridor from Pakistan to the Bay of Bengal; India's two long coastlines and the plains of the Gangus and Indus rivers

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13
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Where do South Asians usually live and work?

Most are farmers in rural areas

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How many countries does Europe have?

4 dozen

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15
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What is the largest country in the world?

Russia, when it's Asian part is included

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How many of Europe's people live in cities? How many are farmers?

3/4's; less than 10%

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Where are the highest concentrations in Europe?

Near major rivers, coalfields, and historic capital cities

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How many people live in Southeast Asia?

Around 600 million, mainly on islands

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What is the fourth most populous country?

Indonesia

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Where is the largest population concentration in Southeast Asia?

Java, Philippines, Indochina

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Do people mainly live in rural or urban cities in Southeast Asia?

Rural

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What are the two sprouting clusters?

Eastern North America and west Africa

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23
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What is the most populous country in Africa?

Nigeria

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24
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Where do most West Africans work?

In agriculture

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25
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Ecumene

the portion of Earth's surface occupied by permanent human settlement

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What are the 4 sparsely population regions?

Dry lands, wet lands, cold lands, high lands

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Characterisitics of dry lands

Lack water to grow enough crops, have much of the world's oil reserves

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Characterisitics of wet lands

Located near the equator, deplete nutrients from the soil

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Characterisitics of cold lands

Near the poles, covered with permafrost, unsuitable for crops and animals

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Characterisitics of high lands

Too steep, mainly only populated in low latitudes

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What are the 3 types of density?

Arithmetic, physiological, agricultural

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Arithmetic density

population÷land area; answers the "where" question

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Physiological Density

population÷arable land area; shows the amount of stress on land

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Agricultural Density

farmers÷arable land area; shows the effiency of farmers

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