theo vocab

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vice

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24 Terms

1

vice

a bad habit of the soul

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2

altruism

the idea that we have obligations to other people and should act for the benefit of society

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3

egotism

the pursuit of immediate gratification

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4

ethical relativism

there are ethical absolutes

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5

virtue

a good habit of the soul

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6

egoism

centering on "self"; self-centeredness and self-love are the only realities

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7

character

an internal predisposition to act in certain ways in certain situations

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8

ethical egoism

looking out for onself, because everyone else does the same

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9

psychological egoism

every action we take has selfish motives. nothing is done altruistically.

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10

depravity

mankind is blinded by sun, and this sin infects every aspect of their lives

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11

apathy

disinterest or lack of emotion; not caring about something

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12

natural law ethics

there is within human nature moral principles that can be both known and understood

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13

natural

the way that things ought to be, as opposed to how they actually are

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14

benevolence

the disposition to do good; good will; kindness

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15

social contract defense of morality

people willingly give up their freedoms to the sovereign, and in exchange have peace.

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16

state of nature

there are no laws and no one to enforce them

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17

perfect duty

must be fulfilled in the same way by all people

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18

absolutism

the belief that objective right and wrong exists which applies to all people at all times

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19

imperfect duty

can be fulfilled how an individual wants or would like

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20

determinism

the belief that nothing happens either randomly or by chance

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21

behaviorism

actions are just predispositions to behave in a certain ways as the result of physical causes

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22

legalism

the insistence that predetermined laws should be applied to relevant situations, no exceptions

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23

antinomianism

no guidance or principle can determine whether an action is right or wrong

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24

consequentialism

"good" is determined by the results obtained

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