AP Human Unit 2 Quiz 1

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Agricultural Population Density

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39 Terms

1

Agricultural Population Density

Number of farmers per square mile of arable land; shows amount of economic development of an area

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2

Anti-natalist policies

Policies that discourage having children

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3

Arable

Used or suitable for growing crops

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4

Arithmetic Population Density

Total population over area in square miles; shows amount of people per land but not distibrution

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5

Baby Boom

A spike in birth rates, usually occur after a war or conflict

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6

Baby Bust

Occur after baby booms, birth rates are lower until the baby boomers reach childbearing age

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7

Birth deficit

Slowdown of births, usually occurs during a war or conflict

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8

Boserup theory

Population change drives the intensity of agricultural production

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9

Carrying Capacity

The most amount of people who can live in an area without damaging the environment

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10

Cohort

The vertical axis that shows age groups on a population pyramid

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11

Crude Birth Rate (CBR)

Births per 1000 people

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12

Crude Death Rate (CDR)

Deaths per 1000 people

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13

Demographic Balancing Equation

Used to describe the future population of a region of any scale -

Future Population = Current Population + (number of births - number of deaths) + (number of immigrants - number of emigrants)

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14

Demographic Momentum

The tendency for growing populations to continue growing after a fertility decline because of their young age distribution

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15

Demographic Transition Model

Refers to historical shift from high birth rates to low birth rates, 4 confirmed stages and 1 theoretical stage

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16

Dependency Ratio

Measure of the number of people who are not of working age relative to the number of people who are of working age.

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17

Dependent Population

People under the age of 15 or over the age of 64

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18

Echo

The increase an population resulting after a baby boom generation births children

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19

Emigrants

A person who leaves a country to live permanently in a new one

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20

Epidemiological Transition Model

This model describes changing patterns of population distributions in relation to changing patterns of mortality, fertility, life expectancy, and leading causes of death, there are 3 stages

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21

Immigrants

People who join a new country to live there permanently

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22

Infant Mortality Rate

The number of infant deaths per every 1000 successful births

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23

Infrastructure

Facilities and structures that allow people to carry out their typical activities

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24

Life Expectancy

A measure of the average length of time a person is expected to live

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25

Malthusian Theory

A concept that predicts that population growth will outstrip food supply and cause misery

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26

Midlatitudes

The area of the earth in between the Tropic of Cancer and Artic Circle as well as in between the Tropic of Capricorn and the Antarctic Circle

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27

Neo-Malthusians

People who advocate for strict control of population to not deplete the world’s limited resources

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28

Overpopulation

When a region has more population than it can support

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29

Physiological Population Density

Shows amount of people per square mile of arable land over an area; shows if a country is an DC, or LDC, based on the high or low density

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30

Population Density

The measure of average population per square mile or kilometer of an area

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31

Population Distribution

The pattern of human settlement; the spread of people across the earth

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32

Population Doubling Time

A statistic that will tell you how long a country will take to double its population given its current RNI. The formula for this is 70/RNI

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33

Population Pyramid

Also called an age-sex composition graph, it is one of the most useful tools to study population

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34

Potential Workforce

People in a country aged 15-64

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35

Pronatalist Policies

Policies from the government that encourage people to have children

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36

Rate of Natural Increase (RNI)

The rate at which a country’s population is growing or declining, without the impact of migration, the formula is (CBR-CDR)/10 and then you add a percentage sign

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37

Redistricting

Boundary adjustments on electoral districts due to continued increase in population in urban areas and decrease in population of rural areas

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38

Social Stratification

The hierarchal division of people into groups based on factors such as economic status, power, and/or ethnicity

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39

Total Fertility Rate

The average number of children who would be born per woman of that group in a country, it assumes that every woman lived through her childbearing years

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