Year 8 PDHPE Google Document

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Fitness

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96 Terms

1

Fitness

Physical fitness is a measure of our ability to perform daily tasks and activities.

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Being fit

Having the ability to be actively engaging in physical activity, sports, running, and doing sports.

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3

Health-related fitness

Target essential body functions that have a direct impact on our health.

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Cardiorespiratory endurance

Capacity of the body to keep up continuous physical activity over an extended period at a low to medium intensity.

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Muscular strength

The ability of the muscle to exert force.

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Muscular endurance

The ability of the muscle or muscle group to sustain or repeat contractions for a long period of time.

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Body Composition

The ratio of fat to nonfat components in the body.

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Flexibility

The degree of movement around a joint.

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Skill-related fitness

Combinations of strength and speed.

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10

Speed

The ability to get from one point to another as quickly as possible.

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Muscular power

Combinations of strength and speed.

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12

Agility

The ability to change direction quickly with speed and balance.

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13

Reaction Time

The time it takes to initiate the first response to a stimulus.

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14

Balance

The ability to control our center of gravity while stationary or moving.

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Coordination

The ability of body parts to work together resulting in a smooth flow of efficient movements.

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16

Body Mass Index (BMI)

A measure of body composition based on height and weight.

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FITT Principle

Frequency, intensity, time, and type - guidelines for a fitness plan.

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18

Social health

Linked to relationships and how we develop and maintain them.

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19

Cognitive health

Ability to think critically about health and health behavior.

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20

Physical health

How well the body is performing its functions.

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21

Emotional health

How we manage our feelings and experiences.

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22

Spiritual health

Connections to the broader world and inner peace.

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23

Nutrients

Components of food that are essential for an effectively functioning body.

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Recommended Servings

The recommended amount of food servings for different age groups and genders.

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Food Labels

Labels on food products that provide nutritional information and help make healthy food choices.

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26

Local Foods

Foods that are produced locally and are often cheaper and more readily available.

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Education and Knowledge

Having knowledge about healthy food and healthy eating leads to better dietary choices.

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28

Lifestyle Behaviors

Behaviors such as diet, physical activity, and drug use that can affect health and wellbeing.

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Lifestyle Diseases

Diseases that are caused by poor lifestyle choices, such as heart disease and type 2 diabetes.

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Positive Lifestyle Choices

Choices such as balanced diet, physical activity, and not smoking that help prevent diseases.

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Decision Making Skills

Skills involved in making informed and healthy decisions.

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Positive Risk

A challenge that helps personal growth.

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Negative Risk

A gamble that can lead to trouble or harm.

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34

Type of Decision Maker

Different types of decision-making behaviors, such as impulsive or compliant.

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POOCH Model

A decision-making model that involves assessing the problem, exploring options, evaluating outcomes, and making a choice.

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Mental Health

How we perceive the world and react to situations, which can affect decision making.

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37

Depression

A common mental illness characterized by feelings of despair and sadness.

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Eating Disorders

Mental illnesses involving a preoccupation with body weight, eating, and food.

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39

Health Continuum

A timeline that shows a person's health over a period of time, indicating that health is constantly changing and fluctuating.

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40

Health Literacy

The extent to which consumers can obtain, process, and understand information about health care, services, and the health system, and use that information to make decisions about their health care.

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Individual Action

The first step towards bringing about a change in one's health, where an individual takes responsibility and acts to improve their own health.

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42

Community Action

When different sectors of the community employ strategies to promote health based on local needs and community recognition of health problems and safety issues.

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43

Advocacy

The power of individuals to influence the health choices of others positively through actions such as writing to newspapers, organizing protests, or forming petitions.

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44

Evaluating and Analyzing Information

The process of developing skills to assess the reliability and credibility of health information, products, and services by asking critical questions and seeking additional sources of information.

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45

Reliable Sources

Government organizations like NSW Health or well-known organizations like the Heart Foundation that provide accurate and trustworthy health information.

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Critical Analysis

The ability to evaluate scientific evidence, understand mechanisms of action and safety considerations, assess credibility and qualifications of individuals making claims, and recognize inconsistencies or gaps in information provided.

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Clinical Trials

Research studies that investigate the efficacy and safety of health products or interventions, including factors such as sample size, study design, duration, and potential conflicts of interest.

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Informed Decision-making

Making choices about health products or services based on up-to-date and accurate health knowledge, access to relevant research studies and publications, and understanding of potential mechanisms of action and safety considerations.

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Factors influencing young people access to health

Various factors that can directly or indirectly influence young people's access to health, including needs and desires, family and friends, religious/cultural background, cost of the product/service, personal circumstances/budget, level of knowledge, access to stores and services, and income.

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50

Prescription drugs

Medications that require a prescription from a qualified medical practitioner, such as a GP, to be purchased.

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51

Over the counter drugs

Medicines that can be sold directly to people without a prescription.

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Public hospitals

Hospitals funded by the government where patients are admitted to a ward under the care of a doctor, with accommodation and service provided free of charge.

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Private hospitals

Hospitals owned by private groups but must comply with government health regulations.

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54

Peer relationships

The influence of peers on teenagers' lives, particularly during the high school years.

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55

Bullying

The ongoing misuse of power in a relationship through repeated verbal, physical, and/or social behavior that causes physical and/or psychological harm.

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56

Online safety

The measures and strategies to ensure safety while using the internet and engaging in online activities.

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Digital reputation

The image and perception of an individual created by their online behavior and activities.

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58

Drugs

Substances that, when consumed, change the way the body works physically and psychologically.

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59

Stimulant

A type of drug that increases and speeds up brain and central nervous system activity, making a person more alert and aroused.

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Depressant

A type of drug that slows down brain and central nervous system activity, reducing a person's alertness.

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Hallucinogen

A type of drug that interferes with the brain and central nervous system, causing distortions in perception of reality.

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Alcohol

A depressant drug that slows down central nervous system function and can have various effects depending on factors such as age, weight, and amount consumed.

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Binge drinking

Drinking large amounts of alcohol in a short period of time or drinking constantly for a number of days.

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Road safety

Measures and precautions to minimize the risk of accidents and injuries while using the road as a driver, passenger, or pedestrian.

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Risk factors

Factors such as poor weather conditions, poor road conditions, inexperience, and peer pressure that increase the potential for road accidents.

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Pedestrian accidents

Accidents involving pedestrians, which are a leading cause of injury for children and young people.

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Complacency

A state of being unaware or unconcerned about potential dangers or risks.

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Peer pressure

Influence from one's peers to conform to certain behaviors or beliefs.

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Lack of judgement

Making decisions without considering the potential consequences or risks.

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Status

The social standing or position of an individual within a group or society.

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Fitting in with peer groups

The desire to be accepted and belong to a particular group of peers.

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Strategies

Plans or actions taken to achieve a specific goal or objective.

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Protective equipment

Gear or devices designed to protect individuals from potential harm or injury.

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74

Cyclists

Individuals who ride bicycles.

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Pedestrians

People who travel on foot.

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Drivers

Individuals who operate vehicles.

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Passengers

People who travel in vehicles but do not operate them.

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Motorcyclists

Individuals who ride motorcycles.

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79

Water Safety

Measures taken to prevent accidents or drowning in water.

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80

Drowning

The process of dying from suffocation due to submersion in water.

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81

Arms reach

The distance within which a person can easily reach and grab something or someone.

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Pool games and fences

Equipment or barriers used to ensure safety in and around swimming pools.

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83

Top loading washing machines

Washing machines that have a lid on the top for loading clothes.

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84

Red and yellow flags

Flags used to mark safe swimming areas at the beach.

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85

Dumpers

Plunging waves that break with great force.

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86

Tuck position

A protective posture where the body is curled up to minimize the risk of injury.

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Spilling waves

Waves that are safe for swimmers and surfers.

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Surging waves

Waves that do not break but result in a sudden surge of water on the beach.

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Rip currents

Strong, narrow currents that flow away from the shore.

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90

Emergency Action Plan (EAP)

A plan outlining the steps to be taken in case of an emergency.

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91

Hazards

Potential dangers or risks.

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92

Broken glass, traffic, fallen power lines, syringes, fire, and leaking fuel

Examples of potential hazards in an emergency situation.

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93

000

Emergency phone number in Australia.

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