Early Rome Map and Government Quiz

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Rome is also known as

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44 Terms

1

Rome is also known as

The City on Seven Hills

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2

The founders of Rome

Latins

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3

Three groups that helped influence Rome

Latins

Etruscans

Greeks

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4

Etruscan influences on Rome

Artistic Style

Road building techniques

Alphabet

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5

Greek influences on Rome

Government

Greek and Roman architecture

Religion

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6

The early Roman government

Republic

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7

republics also known as

“representative democracy”

“indirect democracy”

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8

the citizens part in republic

elect representatives

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9

the beginning of true Rome

509 BC

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10

Progressive elements of Roman Republic

Checks and Balances

Separation of Powers

“Branches” of gov’t

Term limits

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11

The executive branch consists of

consul, censor, aedile, quastor

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12

facts about the consuls

2 of them

one year terms

commander-in-chief

veto power over other consuls

appoint dictators

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13

veto meaning and end goal

“I forbid”

no one is a dictator

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14

facts about censors

2 of them

18-month terms

census takers

supervise moral conduct

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15

facts about aediles

4 of them

public works

public entertainment

supervise moral conduct

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16

facts about quastor

20 of them

treasurers

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17

made up the legislative branch

senate, tribunes, popular assembly

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18

facts about senate

300 of them

made up of wealthy men

composed of patricians

controlled public funds

controlled foreign policy

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19

word origin

senex - “old man”

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20

aristocrats names in Rome

Patricians

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21

non-aristocrats in Rome

Plebeians

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22

facts about tribunes

10 elected by popular assembly

veto power over senate and officials

tribunes are the most targeted

  • by violence and bribery from senate and officials

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23

facts about popular assembly

several different assemblies

composed largely of plebeians

passed laws

declared war/peace

gets weaker as the senate gets stronger

elected tribunes

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24

made up the judicial branch

praetors

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25

facts about praetors

during war

  • commanded armies

during peace

  • oversaw the legal system

  • interpreted legal questions + rulings

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26

facts about dictators

6-month terms in times of emergencies

given full military and judicial authority

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27

cincinnatus

appointed twice

did his job and gave power right back

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28

checks and balances

a system that ensures no one branch or official will overpower the government

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29

examples in Rome

consuls can veto each other

tribunes can veto senate/officials

consuls must rule with advice of senate/officials

consuls must seek legal guidance of praetors

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30

the conflict of the orders

struggle between roman social classes

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31

patricians

aristocrats/nobles

controlled government of legal system

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32

plebeians

all non-patricians

could not hold high office (just assemblies)

could not know the laws - so they didn’t know if they were breaking them and they were being punished and not knowing why

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33

overtime

plebeians fight for more rights

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34

450 BC

the twelve tablets

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35

what were the twelve tablets

Roman law displayed for the first time, though plebeians gain rights, government remains unbalanced

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36

problems in the republic

class conflict

senate will become too powerful

dictators - have potential for abuse

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37

Romes biggest rival

Carthage

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38

facts about Carthage and why they were considered a superpower

big trade power

  • wealth

  • center of ideas

  • International connections

large population

apartment buildings

  • limestone

  • plumbing system

massive harbor

  • merchants and navy

exploration and conquering

  • made them very big/expand

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39

ancient name of France

Gual

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40

one of the rivers that formed Rome’s boundary with the Germanic lands

Danubi

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41

one of the rivers that formed Rome’s boundary Germanic lands

Rhine

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42

mountain range just north of the Italian peninsula

Alps

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43

river that flows through Rome

Tiber

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44

built upon seven ______

hills

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