Table 6-3: Common Performance Ingredients in Skin Care Products

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Açaí Berry

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Açaí Berry

Potent antioxidant; anti-inflammatory; brightens skin tone; anti-aging

Skin Types: Sensitive; Hyperpigmentation; Mature

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Algae

Seaweed; hydrates; detoxifies; replenishes essential vitamins & minerals; rich in antioxidants

Skin Types: Dehydrated; Combination; Oily; Mature

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Allantoin

Moisturizes; soothes, softens, protects, aids in wound healing; promotes cell proliferation & longevity

Skin Types: Dry; Sensitive; Mature

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Aloe Vera

Humectant; hydrates, softens, heals; antimicrobial; anti-inflammatory; soothes; calms

Skin Types: ALL

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Alpha lipoic acid

Universal antioxidant; anti-inflammatory; anti-aging; enhances natural exfoliation; minimizes pores; soothes; reduces puffiness

Skin Types: ALL

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Alpine Rose Plant Stem Cell

Repairs cells; improves barrier function; boosts epidermal regeneration

Skin Types: Dry; Sensitive; Mature

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Arbutin

Natural skin lightener; melanin suppressant

Skin Type: Hyperpigmentation

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Argan Oil

Light emollient plant oil; contains beneficial lipids and fatty acids for skin, including oleic acid, palmitic acid, linoleic acid; antioxidant; replaces natural skin hydration

Skin Types: Dry; Dehydrated; Mature

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Argireline

Trade name for neuropeptide blend; slows muscle contractions; smooths texture

Skin Type: Mature

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Arnica Montana

Antiseptic; Astringent; Anti-inflammatory; soothes; calms

Skin Types: Combination; Oily; Acne; Sensitive

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Avocado Oil

Emollient; soothes; high in vitamins A, D & E; antioxidant

Skin types: Dry; Mature

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Azelaic Acid

Anti-inflammatory; skin lightener; antibacterial

Skin Types: Acne; Sensitive; Hyperpigmentation

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Azulene

Anti-inflammatory; soothes

Skin Types: Sensitive

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Bamboo

Prevents moisture loss; antioxidant; soothes; astringent

Skin Types: Dehydrated; Combination; Oily; Acne; Sensitive

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Bearberry

Natural skin lightener; melanin suppressant; soothes

Skin Types: Sensitive; Hyperpigmentation

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benzoyl peroxide

Effective antibacterial agent targeting Propionibacterium acnes

Skin Types: Acne

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Calendula

Emollient; soothes; heals; anti-inflammatory; antiseptic; anti-itching

Skin Types: Dry; Sensitive

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Caviar

Repairs cells; hydrates; nourishes; restores; high in amino acids, vitamins, and minerals

Skin Types: Dry; Mature

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Centella Asiatica

AKA Indian pennywort and gotu kola; nourishes; heals; anti-inflammatory; anti-irritant; stimulates new cell growth; builds collagen; improves circulation

Skin Types: Dry; Sensitive; Mature

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Ceramides

Help repair barrier function; moisturize; improve hydration; soften

Skin Types: Dry; Sensitive; Mature

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Chamomile

Soothes; anti-inflammatory; anti-itching; antiseptic; purifies

Skin Types: Combination; Oily; Acne; Sensitive

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Charcoal

Detoxifies; absorbs oil and debris

Skin Types: Combination; Oily; Acne

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Coenzyme Q10

Powerful antioxidant; protects and revitalizes skin cells

Skin Type: Mature

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Colloidal Gold

Heals; firms; gives skin a healthy glow

Skin Types: Sensitive; Mature

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Colloidal Silver

Anti-inflammatory; heals; antibacterial

Skin Types: Acne; Sensitive

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Cucumber

Humectant; antioxidant; anti-inflammatory; soothes; reduces swelling

Skin Types: Dehydrated; Sensitive

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Echinacea

Heals; astringent; antibacterial

Skin Types: Combination; Oily; Acne

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Edelweiss

Repairs cells; potent antioxidant; heals damaged tissue caused by inflammation or trauma; stimulates collagen regeneration

Skin Types: Acne; Sensitive; Hyperpigmentation' Mature

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Enzymes

Gentle surface exfoliation; softens; increases hydration

Skin Types: Dry; Dehydrated; Combination; Sensitive; Mature

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Eucalyptus

Anti-inflammatory; antibacterial

Skin Types: Oily; Acne

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Evening primrose oil

Emollient; moisturizes; enhances barrier function; soothes; heals; anti-inflammatory

Skin Types: Dry; Sensitive

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Geranium

Anti-inflammatory; anti-irritant; astringent; anti- bacterial; heals

Skin Types: Combination; Oily; Acne; Sensitive

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ginger

Antibacterial; anti-inflammatory; calms; soothes

Skin Types: Acne; Sensitive

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Ginseng

Nourishes; boosts collagen; brightens; promotes healthy cell regeneration; heals; anti-inflamma- tory; balances oil production

Skin Types: Combination; Oily; Acne; Sensitive; Hyperpigmentation; Mature

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Glycerin

Humectant; hydrates

Skin Types: Dry; Dehydrated

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Glycolic acid

Water-soluble alpha hydroxy acid; exfoliates; improves hydration; diminishes the signs of aging

Skin Types: Dry; Dehydrated; Combination; Oily; Acne; Hyperpigmentation; Mature

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Gooseberry

Antioxidant; natural skin lightener; melanin suppressant

Skin Types: Hyperpigmentation

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Grape Plant Stem Cell

Repairs cells; protects against UV stress; fights photoaging; delays natural aging process

Skin Types: Sensitive; Hyperpigmentation; Mature

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Grape Seed Oil

Light emollient; nourishes; moisturizes; rich in vitamins and essential fatty acids (EFAs); antioxidant; balances oil

Skin Types: Dry; Combination; Mature

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Green Tea

Potent antioxidant with many anti-aging benefits; brightens; enhances photoprotection; anti- inflammatory; soothes; antibacterial; reduces swelling

Skin Types: ALL

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Hexylresorcinol

Skin lightener; antiseptic; firms

Skin Types: Acne; Hyperpigmentation; Mature

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hibiscus

Antioxidant; humectant; antimicrobial

Skin Types: Dehydrated; Acne

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Honey

Humectant; antioxidant; soothes; softens; antibacterial; clarifies

Skin Types: Dehydrated; Combination; Oily; Acne

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Hyaluronic acid

Humectant; prevents transepidermal water loss

Skin Types: Dehydrated

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Hydroquinone

Chemical bleaching agent; tyrosinase inhibitor

Skin Typees: Hyperpigmentation

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Irish moss

AKA red algae; emollient; humectant; softens; soothes; anti-inflammatory

Skin Types: Dry; Dehydrated; Sensitive

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Juniper

Antiseptic; astringent

Skin Types: Combination; Oily

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Kaolin

Oil-absorbing clay; calms; soothes

Skin Types: Combination; Oily; Acne; Sensitivee

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Kojic acid

Natural skin lightener; melanin suppressant

Skin Types: Hyperpigmentation

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Lactic Acid

Water-soluble alpha hydroxy acid; exfoliates; brightens skin tone; increases hydration

Skin Types: Dry; Dehydrated; Combination; Oily; Hyperpigmentation; Mature

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Lactobacillus ferment

Probiotic; balances and retains healthy bacteria on skin while combatting harmful bacteria; strengthens barrier function; promotes a healthy immune system; decrease sensitivity; anti- inflammatory; increases hydration

Skin Types: ALL

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L-ascorbic acid

Acidic form of vitamin C; natural skin lightener; stimulates collagen synthesis; exfoliates

Skin Types: Combination; Oily; Hyperpigmentation; Mature

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Lemon extract

Astringent; brightens

Skin Types: Combination; Oily

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Licorice

Antioxidant; anti-inflammatory; natural skin lightener and melanin suppressant

Skin Types: Sensitive; Hyperpigmentation

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Lilac plant stem cell

Repairs cells; antioxidant; brightens; anti- inflammatory; reduces acne lesions

Skin Types: Oily; Acne; Sensitive; Hyperpigmentation

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Madonna lily plant stem cell

Repairs cells; skin brightener; inhibits melanosome transfer; evens out skin tone; encourages epidermal regeneration; stimulates collagen and elastin production

Skin Type: Hyperpigmentation; Mature

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Mandelic acid

Gentle, water-soluble alpha hydroxy acid; exfoliates; brightens; smooths texture; antibacterial; regulates sebum production

Skin Type: ALL

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Mastiha

Antioxidant; anti-inflammatory; strengthens immune system; antimicrobial; minimizes pores; natural skin brightener

Skin Types: ALL

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Matrixyl

Trade name for anti-aging peptide; nonirritating; stimulates collagen synthesis and elastin produc- tion; strengthens; repairs; smooths texture; firms

Skin Type: Mature

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Meadowsweet

High in natural salicylic acid; astringent; antioxidant; anti-inflammatory

Skin Types: Combination; Oily; Acne

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Mineral Oil

Emollient; helps improve barrier function; soothes; considered one of the safest, most non- sensitizing moisturizing ingredients

Skin Type: Dry

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Mulberry

Natural skin lightener; melanin suppressant

Skin Type: Hyperpigmentation

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Niacinamide

AKA vitamin B3 and nicotinic acid; boosts barrier function; anti-inflammatory; protects skin from UV rays; improves texture; brightens; minimizes pores

Skin Types: ALL

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Oligopeptide-8

Peptide; antimicrobial targeting P. acnes

Skin Type: Acne

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Olive Oil

Emollient; antioxidant; moisturizes

Skin Type: Dry; Mature

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Orange plant stem cell

Repairs cells; increases dermal fibroblast activity; strengthens; restores

Skin Types: Dry; Mature

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Panthenol

Vitamin B5; humectant; moisturizes; anti- inflammatory; softens; stimulates cell proliferation; aids in tissue repair

Skin Types: Dry; Dehydrated; Sensitive; Mature

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Passion Flower

Antioxidant; relaxes muscle contractions; smooths wrinkles

Skin Types: Mature

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Petrolatum

Emollient and skin protectant; replenishes moisture; soothes

Skin Type: Dry

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Pomegranate

Potent antioxidant; anti-inflammatory; anti-aging; soothes

Skin Types: Sensitive; Mature

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Pumpkin

Antioxidant; rich in vitamins and minerals; soothes; softens; balances oil production; minimizes pores; exfoliates; brightens

Skin Types: Combination; Oily; Acne

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Red rasberry

Potent antioxidant; anti-inflammatory; soothes; enhances natural UV protection

Skin Types: sensitive; mature

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Resveratrol

Potent antioxidant, anti-inflammatory; stimulates collagen production; smooths texture

Skin Types: Sensitive; Mature

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Retinol

Vitamin A derivative; antioxidant; rejuvenates; exfoliates; brightens; smooths; firms; improves all skin conditions; encourages cells to mature normally

Skin Type: ALL

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Rumex

Melanin suppressant; anti-inflammatory; brightens

Skin Types: Hyperpigmentation

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Salicylic Acid

Oil-soluble beta hydroxy acid; exfoliates; helps unclog pores; antibacterial; astringent

Skin Types: Combination; Oily; Acne

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Sea buckthorn oil

Light emollient; anti-inflammatory; antimicrobial; balances sebum production; heals

Skin Types: Dry; Oily; Acne; Sensitive

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Sea fennel plant stem cell

Repairs cells; organic skin brightener; helps repair melanocyte damage

Skin Types: Hyperpigmentation; Mature

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Sea oak extract

Enhances natural UV protection; brightens; antibacterial

Skin Type: Acne; Sensitive; Hyperpigmentation

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Sea Whip

Anti-inflammatory; soothes

Skin Types: Sensitive

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Shea butter

Noncomedogenic emollient; hydrates; softens and smooths; rich in antioxidants

Skin Types: ALL

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Silver ear mushroom

Also known as Tremella; humectant; hydrates; anti-inflammatory; softens

Skin Types: Dry; Dehydrated; Acne; Sensitive

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Snow crocus bulb

Anti-aging; boosts collagen and elastin production; stimulates growth factors; smooths; firms

Skin Types: Mature

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Squalane

Emollient; moisturizes and lubricates; softens; smooths; anti-irritant

Skin Types: Dry; Sensitive; Mature

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