carbon cycle

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how much carbon do fossil fuels and sedimentary rocks store?

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1

how much carbon do fossil fuels and sedimentary rocks store?

100,000,000 giga tonnes

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2

how much carbon do the oceans store?

38,000 giga tonnes

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3

how much carbon is stored in the atmosphere?

750 giga tonnes

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4

what pH does the ocean have to be below to consider it ocean acidification?

8.1

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5

what percentage of carbon does the ocean absorb?

31%

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6

what country consumes the most energy per capita, and how much do they consume?

Iceland - 53,800 kWh per capita

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7

what country consumes the least energy per capita, and how much do they consume?

Haiti - 38.97 kWh per capita

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8

as of 2014, how many barrels of oil are proven that we have?

1700 billion barrels

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9

as of 2014, how many cubic metres of natural gas are proven that we have?

187 trillion cubic metres of natural gas

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10

as of 2014, how many tonnes of coal are proven that we have?

around 891,500 million tonnes of coal

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11

as of 2014, approximately how many years do we have left of using natural gas

44 years

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12

as of 2014, approximately how many years do we have left of using coal

100 years

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13

In 2005, how many barrels of oil did saudi have

261.9 billion barrels

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14

In 2018, how many barrels of oil did saudi consume

34.91

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15

What percentage of primary energy does Japan have to import

94%

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16

How much energy does the USA need per capita

10.5kW/capita

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17

Which countries get 100% of gas from Russia

  • Latvia

  • Finland

  • Estonia

  • Lithuania

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18

What percentage of the EUs gas comes from Russia, and what percent of that goes through Ukraine?

25% of gas comes from Russia - 80% of that goes through Ukraine

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19

How much did Gazprom claim that Ukraine owed when they cut off the supply, and how much did Ukraine end up paying?

Allegedly owed £3.1 billion - Ukraine paid £1.5 billion

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20

how much carbon is stored in the lithosphere?

100,000 PgC

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21

how much carbon is stored in the hydrosphere?

38,000 PgC

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22

how much carbon is stored in the biosphere?

2,000 PgC

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23

how much carbon is stored in the atmosphere?

750 PgC

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24

how much more carbon dioxide do unconventional fossil fuels release in comparison to conventional ones?

3x more

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25

how many metric tonnes of CO2 is sequestered per hectare per year by mangroves

1.5 metric tonnes

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26

how much carbon do marine phytoplankton sequester per year?

5-15 gigatonnes per year

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27

how much carbon do terrestrial primary producers sequester per year?

100-120 gigatonnes per year

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28

how much carbon do tropical rainforests sequester per year?

2200g of carbon per metre squared

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29

what sequester more carbon yearly, tropical rainforests, or open oceans?

tropical rainforests

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30

by what year will there be limited ice in the western alps, and no ice in the eastern alps?

2100

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31

in the early 21st century, how frequently was China opening a new coal-fired power?

every 3 weeks

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32

what percent of the UK’s demand can it meet via domestic supply?

48%

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33

how long did Cuadrilla claim that 10%of oil drilled in Lancashire could last?

50 years

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34

how many gallons of chemicals are used per well with fracking?

5,000 gallons

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35

how much carbon is stored in soil, permafrost, and vegetation?

2600 giga tonnes

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36

How much carbon is dissolved into the oceans?

700 giga tonnes

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37

how much carbon does volcanic activity add to the atmosphere annually?

0.1 gigatonnes

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38

what percentage of the worlds carbon is stored in the lithosphere?

over 99.9%

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39

how much carbon is stored in terrestrial plant stores?

560 giga tonnes

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40

how much carbon is stored in soil and organic matter stores?

1500 giga tonnes

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41

how much carbon is stored in fossil fuel stores?

4000 giga tonnes

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42

how many barrels of boiling water are needed with tar sands to produce 1 barrel of bitumen, and how many barrels of tailing pond waste are left?

12 barrels of hot water, leaves behind 3 barrels of tailing pond waste

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43

how many barrels of oil come from a truckload of 400 tonnes of sand?

200 barrels of oil, which is equal to 30,000 dollars

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44

how many barrels of recoverable crude oil are held in the Canadian tar sands?

173 billion barrels

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45

how much greenhouse gases are spewed out each day from the tar sands?

equivalent to 1.34 million cars

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46

what % did particulate pollution increase by in Alberta between 1999-2006?

780%

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47

how many km of toxic lakes exist along the Athabaska River?

60km

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48

what percentage of Americans income do they spend on food?

10%

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49

what percentage of people in developing countries income do they spend on food?

60-80%

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50

how many species of food does 75% of the worlds food supply come from?

12 plants and 5 animals

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51

how many megacities were there in 1975

3

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52

how many megacities are there now

28

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53

what was the world population in 1800

1 billion people

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54

how much is global food demand expected to rise by by 2030

35%

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55

what are the most efficient forms of food available?

  • insects - can eat 80% of bug

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56

how much did deforestation decrease by in the Amazon in 2023?

half

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57

How large is the Amazon rainforest?

around 600 million hectares

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58

how much has oceanic pH fallen by since the Industrial Revolution?

26%

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59

how much did the IPCC report that the oceans absorbed of anthropogenic emissions in 2014?

30%

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60

what fraction of the global population live within 100km of a coral reef?

1/8th

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61

In 2005, up to what percentage of coral reefs were bleached in areas like Trinidad and Tobago?

95%

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62

in 2022, 719 reefs were surveyed - what percentage of those exhibited some bleaching?

91%

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63

how much of the ocean floor did reefs cover?

0.1%

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64

how much of the global species variety do coral reefs home?

25%

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65

how much did tourism, fishing and other recreational uses contribute to the Australian economy in 2015?

$6.4 billion

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66

how many people are directly relying on coral reefs in the coral triangle?

over 100 million

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67

what percentage of global coral reefs are in the coral triangle?

30%

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68

what percentage of oceanic carbon is stored in coral, plants, and algae?

93%

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