Computer Art Semester 1 Exam Review

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What do filters do in Adobe Photoshop?

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What do filters do in Adobe Photoshop?

Filters are used to change the appearance of an image, layer, or selection. They can color, texture and vibrance.

<p>Filters are used to change the appearance of an image, layer, or selection. They can color, texture and vibrance.</p>
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Line

the point on a path

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Value

relative light and darkness

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Color

reflected light

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Form

three-dimension lines and shapes

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Space

Height and width between two images

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Shape

perceivable two-dimensional area

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Texture

surface quality

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Pattern

repetition of an image or shape. Can also be described as decorative surface design

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Balance

Equalizing the visual weight of elements

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Movement

what guides your eye through an image

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Variety

concerned with contrast and difference

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Harmony

stresses similarities of separate but related parts

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Emphasis

a focal point

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Proportion

relative size within a work

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Rhythm

movement by repetition of objects and images

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Unity

the quality of wholeness that is achieved through the effective use of the elements and principles of art

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What is Pop Art? What artist did we look at when we did our Pop art?

Pop art are color and vibrant pieces of artwork based off of real-world objects. Andy Warhol.

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Pixels

Picture elements arranged in columns and rows. They are the smallest unit of information in a computer display or image.

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What 2 types of digital art did we look at and use in this class? What is the difference?

  • Digital imaging: the combination of many different photos to form one photo (photoshop)

  • Digital Drawing: Just like physical drawing, except with a tablet and a computer. (Corel Painter)

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What is a Photomontage?

A multi-image picture created with a photographic film or digital process. Often done to convey a message. If done correctly, can have a dramatic impact.

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PSD File

An image format that supports layers of graphics in a single file.

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JPG File

A widely used compressed image format.

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What is the difference between a PSD and a JPG file?

A PSD file retains layers while a JPG file does not.

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Digital Imaging

The process of altering images with a computer, digital camera or scanner, and printer

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Corel Painter

A raster-based digital art application. It is essentially paper and pencil but with a tablet and pen.

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Adobe Photoshop

A raster graphics editor used to combine, retouch, and change images.

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Adobe Illustrator

A vector graphics editor and design program

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Resolution

  • Typically described in PPI (pixels per inch)

  • Higher resolutions mean that there are more PPI, resulting in more pixel information and creating a high-quality, crisp image

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Photoshop Layers

Photoshop layers are used to add multiple images into a work. This way, users can edit each image without it affecting other images. Each image gets its own layer.

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Photoshop Selections

An area in the photo that the user can define. In this selection, users can change the color, vibrance, and saturation. Use the select subject tools to select what you want to change and erase any part you don’t want.

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Photoshop Layer Masking

A non-destructive way to hide parts of an image or layer without erasing them. Use the layer mask button to add a layer mask to the selected layer, then use black to take away and white to add back.

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Photoshop Adjustment Layers

Adjustment layers are a special type of layer that manipulate the color and tone of the layers beneath them. Use the adjustment layer button to add an adjustment layer.

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Symmetrical Balance

A 50/50 balance or a mirror image. The image would look the same on either side of the center.

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Raster art/Bitmapped Images

  • Composed of Pixels, similar to a real photograph

  • Generated with a paint program or scanned-in from a print

  • Resolution dependent

  • Resolution determines the size of the file and the "sharpness" of the image 

  • Cannot be enlarged "resampled" without some loss in quality of the image. The image loses some detail and sharpness

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Vector Art

  • Created with mathematical formulas

  • Made up of paths, with a start and end point, and contain straight lines, curves and angles.

  • A path can be a line, a square, or freeform shape.

  • Do NOT contain Pixels

  • CAN be enlarged or reduced without any loss in quality

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What kind of artwork is created in Photoshop?

Raster art

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What kind of artwork is created in Corel Painter?

Raster art

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What kind of artwork is created in Illustrator?

Vector Art

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Surrealism

Images and objects are combined in a strange way

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Radial Symmetry

50/50 symmetry but in a circular pattern

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<p>Jerry Uelsmann</p>

Jerry Uelsmann

A master photographer producing composite photographs with multiple negatives and extensive darkroom work.

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Step 1 of an Art Criticism

Description

  • What do I see in this artwork?

  • Notice the subject, objects, and detail

  • Size, medium, and process used to make it

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Step 2 of Art Criticism

Analysis

  • How is this work organized?

  • What are elements and principles are used?

  • What colors are used?

  • What type of lines are used?

  • Does it have any type of texture, balance, contrast, emphasis, etc?

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Step 3 of Art Criticism

Interpretation

  • What is the artist trying to communicate?

  • Use your imagination and intelligence to make an interpretation

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Step 4 of Art Criticism

Judgement

  • Is this a successful work of art

  • The first level is personal. Do you like the work?

  • The second level, you use aesthetics to decide.

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Hue

A color or shade

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Color Schemes

An association of colors based on an organizational system

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Relying on only one color, with variations in intensity and value is what type of color scheme?

Monochromatic

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Stippling

  • Use dots to create value

  • The closer the dots are, the darker the value becomes

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Hatching

  • Use parallel lines to create value

  • The closer the lines are, the darker the value becomes

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Cross-Hatching

  • Use intersecting lines to create value

  • The closer the lines are, the darker the value becomes

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Scribbling

  • Use scribbly lines to create value

  • The closer the lines are, the darker the value becomes

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What project were the shading techniques used on?

Digital Drawing/Shoe project

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What is a wacom drawing tablet?

A drawing tablet with a pen. Simulates traditional drawing with digital tools.

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How is a wacom tablet different than a mouse for a computer?

The wacom tablet pen allows for pressure sensitivity that the mouse does not have.

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Photoshop Layer Blending Modes

Used to change the look of a layers without changing the original image.

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What is the difference between erasing and masking in Photoshop? Which one is better and why?

Erasing permanently changes and images. Masking is a non-destructive way to change an image. Masking is better because it is non-destructive.

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What number is a hard edge brush in Photoshop?

100

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What number is a soft edge brush in photoshop?

0

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What does a CLONE do in Corel Painter?

Duplicates an image

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List some Adobe Illustrator Tools and panels you learned and used

  • Pen tool

  • Anchor Point Tool

  • Add & Minus anchor point tool

  • Align Panel

  • Stroke Panel

  • Pathfinder panel

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<p>What type of BALANCE is visible in this artwork?</p>

What type of BALANCE is visible in this artwork?

Asymmetrical balance

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<p>What is a method of drawing that captures the form and gesture of a figure quickly and expressively?</p>

What is a method of drawing that captures the form and gesture of a figure quickly and expressively?

Gesture drawing

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