KINE 1300 Exam 4

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Diabetes: Fasting plasma glucose level

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Diabetes: Fasting plasma glucose level

greater than or equal to 126

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Diabetes: Plasma glucose level

greater than or equal to 200

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3
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Prediabetes: Impaired fasting glucose

100-125

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4
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Prediabetes: impaired glucose tolerance

140-199

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5
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Diabetes: Impaired glucose tolerance level

greater than or equal to 200

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Diabetes: A1C level

greater than 6.5%

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7
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Prediabetes: A1c level

5.7-6.4%

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8
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What percentage of cases are type 1

5%

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9
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What percentage of cases are type II

90%

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10
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Type I diabetes: deficiency of the ____ ____ of insulin producing ____ cells

autoimmune destruction, beta

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What age range is for type 1

less than 30

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what age range is for type II

over 30 and most above 60

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13
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Does exercise prevent or cure type 1 diabetes

no

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What does exercise reduce for type 1 diabetes

reduced risk of CVD

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15
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What percentage does exercise prevent type 2 diabetes by

30-50%

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Benefits of exercise: lower ______ ____ _____, improves ____ _____ and ____ ____, reduces risk of _____, ______, _____, and ____, improves _____ ___ _____, and ______ ______

fasting blood glucose, insulin sensitivity, glucose tolerance, CVD, dyslipidemia, HTN, obesity, quality of life, stress management

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Risks of exercise (6)

hypoglycemia, worsening of hyperglycemia, cardiovascular accidents, degenerative joint disease, microvascular damage, orthopedic injury

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Precaution: measure blood glucose ________ ____ and ______ min after exercise

immediately before, 15

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Precaution: Consume carbohydrates id glucose is

less than 100

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Precaution: _____ insulin does and inject into _______ _______

reduce, inactive areas

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Precaution: Consume carbohydrates (- g) after exercise

5-30

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Precaution: avoid exercise ______ __ ____ because ________ can occur while sleeping

late at night, hypoglycemia

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Precaution: extend _____ __ and ______ _____ if needed

warm up, cool down

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aerobic exercise and diabetes: frequency

3-7 days per week (no more than 2 consecutive inactive days)

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aerobic exercise and diabetes: intensity

40-85% VO2R or HRR, RPE: 12-16

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aerobic exercise and diabetes: time

30-60 min

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aerobic exercise and diabetes: type

rhythmic, large-muscles-group activities

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28
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resistance training: frequency

2-3 days per week

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resistance training: intensity

60-80% of 1 RM, RPE 11-15

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resistance training: time

1-3 sets of 8-12 reps (10-15 reps initially)

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resistance training: type

4-5 upper body, 4-5 lower body and core exercises

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Metabolic Syndrome X: conditions in which several ____ ____ disease risk factors are ____ ____

coronary heart, clustered together

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Risk factors for metabolic syndrome x: SBP

135

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Risk factors for metabolic syndrome x: DBP

85

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Risk factors for metabolic syndrome x: fasting glucose

100

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Risk factors for metabolic syndrome x: fasting HDL for men

<40

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Risk factors for metabolic syndrome x: fasting HDL for women

<50

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Risk factors for metabolic syndrome x: fasting triglycerides

150

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Risk factors for metabolic syndrome x: waist circumference for men

40

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40
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Risk factors for metabolic syndrome x: waist circumference for women

35

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How many risk factors of metabolic syndrome x confirm diagnosis

3

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Frequency for aerobic exercise with a pulmonary patient

3-5 days a week, just below VT, noticeably dyspneic

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4 types of COPD

bronchial asthmas, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, cystic fibrosis

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Causes of asthma

allergic reactions to antigens, emotional stress and exercise, viral infections of the bronchi, sinuses, or tonsil

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COPD is the ____ leading cause of death

4th

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Bronchodilators

help with bronchospasms

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Expectorants

thin mucous secretions and help eject them

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48
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For EIA, the FEV1 is ____% below pretest value

15

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For EIA, what are the best environment

warm and moist, with long warm-ups

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50
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What is the best exercise for EIA

swimming

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51
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Chronic bronchitis is

inflammation of the bronchi

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Most common risk factor for chronic bronchitis is

cigarette smoking

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Emphysema is

the destruction of alveolar walls; enlargement of air spaces distal to terminal bronchioles

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Emphysema: lungs ____ ______ and airways ____ on _______

loses elasticity, collapse, exhalation

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Causes of emphysema

cigarette smoking, environmental pollutions, hereditary deficiency

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What type of breathing is used for emphysema

pursed lip

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What is cystic fibrosis

mucous secretions plug airways causing inflammation-related chronic bacterial infections

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What is restrictive disease

reduced capacity to expand lungs

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causes of restrictive disease

Diseases of rib cage and spine, Pulmonary edema, Pulmonary embolism, exposure to toxic substances, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, neuromuscular diseases

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Benefits of exercise training: _____ improvement in ________, _________ _____ ____, and _____ ______

little, VO2max, pulmonary function tests, mortality rates

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Benefits of exercise training: improved ability to carry out ____ ___ _____ ____ and in other measures of quality of life

activities of daily living

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What is forced expiratory volume (FEV1)

maximum air expired in 1 sec

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What is vital capacity (vc)

volume of air exhaled when going from maximal inhalation to maximal exhalation

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Normal FEV/ FVC

80%

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COPD patients should have a SaO2 reading of

90%

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COPD patients should do aerobic exercise - days a week

3-5

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COPD patients should do strength training - days a week, - sets of ____ reps, - reps for endurance

2-3, 2-4, 10, 15-20

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Tachycardia

heart rate above 100

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bradycardia

heart rate below 60

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70
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What does ST depression indicate

myocardial ischemia

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What is the P wave

atrial depolarization

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What is a normal P wave

normal is upright

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What is a QRS complex

ventricular depolarization

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74
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What is a normal QRS complex

less than 0.12 seconds or 3 boxes

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What is the T wave

ventricular repolarization

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What is a normal T wave

normal is upright

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What is the PR interval

the initation of the impulse and movement through the AV node (SA-->AV node)

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What is a normal PR interval

0.12-0.20 seconds (3-5 boxes)

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If PR interval is lower than 0.20 then it means

AV block

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80
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If PR interval is less than 0.12 then it means

other than the SA node initiated the heartbeat

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81
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What is the sinoatrial node

the heart's natural pacemaker

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82
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What is the heart rate range of the SA

60-100 bpm

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83
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What is the atrioventricular node

the bridge between the atria and the ventricles

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84
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What is the heart rate range of the AV node

40-60 bpm

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