unit 2 vocabulary

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Sahel area

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29 Terms

1

Sahel area

area of the Sahara desert

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2

Australasia

area that includes Australia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea and neighbouring islands in the Pacific Ocean

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3

Oceania

a large group of islands in the south Pacific including Melanesia and Micronesia and Polynesia (and sometimes Australasia and the Malay Archipelago)

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4

Ruhr Valley

Germany's chief industrial and mining center

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5

imputiny

exemption from punishment or freedom from the injurious consequences of an action

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6

Referendum

a legislative act is referred for final approval to a popular vote by the electorate

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7

Plebiscite

A direct vote in which a country's people have the opportunity to approve or reject a proposal

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8

Patagonia

Dry plateau region found in southern Argentina.

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9

International Date Line

An arc that for the most part follows 180° longitude, although it deviates in several places to avoid dividing land

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10

Prime Meridian

The meridian, designated at 0° longitude, which passes through the Royal Observatory at Greenwich, England.

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11

Equator

An imaginary circle around the middle of the earth, halfway between the North Pole and the South Pole 0° latitude

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12

Archipelago

A group/chain of islands

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13

despot

a ruler with absolute power or tyrannical control over a group of people

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14

Communism

A theory or system of social organization based on the holding of all property in common, actual ownership being ascribed to the community.

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15

Socialism

A system in which society, usually in the form of the government, owns and controls the means of production.

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16

Theocracy

A government controlled by religious leaders

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17

Xinjiang

an autonomous province in far northwestern China on the border with Mongolia and Kazakhstan

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18

Kashmir

A region of northern India and Pakistan over which several destructive wars have been fought

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19

Nagorno-Karabakh

the mountainous area of Azerbaijan, fought over by Armenia and Azerbaijan

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20

The Republic of Artsakh

Unrecognized republic in Nagorno-karabakh

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21

populism

the political doctrine that supports the rights and powers of the common people in their struggle with the privileged elite

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22

Gaza Strip

A territory along the Mediterranean Sea just northeast of the Sinai Peninsula; part of the land set aside for Palestinians, which was occupied by Israel in 1967.

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23

West Bank

an area between Israel and Jordan on the west bank of the Jordan river, many conflicts

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24

Crimea

Peninsula in the extreme southern Ukraine in the Black Sea. Annexed by Russia in 2014

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25

Abkhazia

a disputed territory on the eastern coast of the Black Sea and the south-western flank of the Caucasus

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26

South Ossetia

split between Russia (north) and Georgia (south). Many ethnic Russians live here

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27

Chechnya

A republic of Russia that has experienced some of the worst violence because they wanted independence. Predominately Muslim region

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28

Military Junta

a group of military officers who rule a country after seizing power

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29

Putsch

a violent attempt to overthrow a government

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