Structure + Function Med bio

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Anatomy

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24 Terms

1

Anatomy

the study if an organisms structure

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2

Physiology

considers how organisms body works

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3

The organizational hierarchy of the body

cell, tissue, organ, organ structure

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4

Extracellular matrix

a combination of interstitial fluid (water, gases, nutrients, cellular wastes) and protein fibers

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5

Tissue categories

Epithelial, connective, muscle, and nervous

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6

Epithelium Tissues

Tightly packed cells that coat internal an external surfaces

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7

Types of epithelium

Squamous, Cubadoil, Columnar

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8

Simple

one layer

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9

Simple Squamous Epithelium

tissue is a single layer of flattened cells that allows substances to pass by diffusion + osmosis. In the lining of blood vessels and alveoli of the lung

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10

Simple Cuboidal Epithelium

a single later of cube-shaped cells that secret and absorb substances. In the glands and lining of kidney tubes

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11

Simple Columnar Epithelium

a single layer of column, shaped called that secret and absorb. In lining of digestive tract, bronchi of lings, and uterine tubes.

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12

Stratified epithelial tissues

multiple cell layers

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13

Stratified squamous epithelium

tissue is multiple layers of flattend cells that protect ares subject to abrasion. In outer layer of skin

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14

Connective Tissues

consists of cells scattered within an extracellular matrix rather than being connected to one another. Loose, dense, adipose

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15

Loose connective tissue

consists of cells in a loose matrix of protein fibers (elastic and collagen.) It holds organs in place and attaches epithelial tissues to other tissues. It is under skin and between organs.

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16

Dense connective tissue

consists of cells in a dense matrix of protein fibers. It connects muscle to bone and bone to bone. Tendons and ligaments

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17

Adipose tissue

is fat cells in a minimal extracellular matrix. It stores fat for energy and insulation. Beneath skin, between muscles, around heart, around joints.

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18

Cartilage

consist of cells in a matrix of fine collagen fibers. it provides flexible support. ears, joints, bore ends, respiratory tract

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19

Bone

consists of cells in matrix of collagen and minerals. it provides firm support. Skeleton

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20

Muscle tissue

consists of cells that contract when electrically stimulated. it attaches to soft tissue or bone when the cells contract, the body part moves.

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21

Nervous tissue

uses electrical signals to rapidly transmit information within an animals body.

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22

Organ systems

organs are arranged in ___________ that have interconnect structures and functions

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23

Homeostasis

a state of internal constancy

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24
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