Communication Sciences & Disorders

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The components of communication

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Unit 1, first slideshow posted / general terms

34 Terms

1

The components of communication

Language, Speech, Hearing

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2

Communication can be both _____ and _______

Verbal, nonverbal

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3

Variables that affect communication and its success or failure

Cultural identity, setting, participants

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4

A socially shared system of arbitrary symbols used for communication

Language

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5

In language, generative

Freshly created

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6

In language, dynamic

Change over time

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7

Language can be __ , ___ , or __

Oral, written, signed

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8

The physical production of spoken language

  • Mechanical

  • All about productions

  • Lips, throat, tongue, mouth, etc.

Speech

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9

The process of perceiving sound, how you process and perceive sound

Hearing

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10
  • “The structure of sounds”

  • Individual sounds that make up words

Phonology

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11
  • “The structure of words”

  • The study of word structures / pieces of words

  • A collection of rules for combining “pieces” to form words

Morphology

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12
  • “The structure of sentences”

  • A collection of rules for combining words into phrases and sentences (word order; sentence structure)

Syntax

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13

The form of language has to do with _______

Structure

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14

If you have difficulties with phonology, morphology, and/or syntax, you have difficulties with the _____ of language

Form

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15
  • The study of the meaning in language

  • Vocabulary is a part of semantics

Semantics

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16

If you have difficulties with vocabulary and the meaning of words, you have difficulties with the _____ of language

Content

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17
  • The purpose of language; why we are communicating in the first place

  • We don’t communicate in order to make sounds (phonology), to put appropriate prefixes or suffixes on words (morphology), to put words in a particular order (syntax) or to use certain vocabulary (semantics)

  • There is a broader purpose to communication

Language - Use

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18

The study of rules that govern language use in social situations, both spoken and written

Pragmatics

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19
  • Knowing when to take a turn in a conversation

  • Maintaining a topic

  • Rules for making eye contact

  • Asking partners questions about themselves, rather than simply talking about yourself

Pragmatics Examples

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20

The components of language

Form, Content, Use

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21

The components of speech

Voice, articulation, fluency

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22
  • The sound source for speech

  • Produced in the larynx, a structure in the neck

Voice

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23

The movement of the speech mechanism to produce the sounds of speech

Articulation

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24

Easy, smooth, flowing, and effortless speech

Fluency

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25

The components of hearing

Acuity, central auditory processing

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26

The ability to perceive sound

Acuity

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27
  • Normal hearing acuity

  • Difficulty understanding speech

Central Auditory Processing Disorder

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28

Cause of the problem

Etiology

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29

Neurological or physiological cause

Organic

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30

Does not have a known organic cause (how it is used)

Functional

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31

Deteriorates over time

Progressive / Degenerative

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32

Does not deteriorate over time

Non-progressive

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Occurs before, during, or shortly after the time of birth

Congenital / Developmental

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34

Occurs after a period of normal communication

Acquired

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