A & P Exam 2 Review

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Three major types of cartilage are found in the body: Hyaline Cartilage, Fibrocartilage, and ______

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1

Three major types of cartilage are found in the body: Hyaline Cartilage, Fibrocartilage, and ______

Elastic cartilage

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2

Mature Cartilage is

Avascular

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3

There are 3 categories of dense connective tissue. These are

Dense Regular, Elastic, Dense Irregular

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4

Adipose Connective Tissue

Is a highly vascularized loose connective tissue composed primarily of adipocytes

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5

Loose connective tissue

Contains relatively fewer cells and proteins fibers than dense connective tissue; the protein fibers are sparse and irregularly arranged

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6

Hyaline Cartilage functions is support and found in many areas of the body such as

Bronchi, larynx, most of the fetal skeleton, articular end of long bones, nose

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7

Cardiac Muscle, has

Minimal capacity of regeneration, intercalated discs, one or two centrally located nuclei

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8

Smooth Muscles have one centrally oval nucleus and are

Involuntary

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9

The Integumentary System is a

a. Visual indicator of our physiology and health b. Covering of the body and consists of the skin and the accessory tissues

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10

Distinct layers of the Integumentary System are

None of the above

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11

The most important function of the skin is

Protection

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12

What does calciferol hormone do?

Increase the production of calcium in your small intestine

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13

The epidermis is the top layer of the skin, the lower layers are the

Dermis and subcutaneous layer

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14

The epidermis is made of

Stratified Squamous epithelium

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15

The epidermis develops from the ______ pf the embryo

Ectoderm

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16

Thick skin

a. Contains all five layers of epidermal strata b. Contains sweat glands but no hair follicles of sebaceous glands

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17

Constantly applying repeated pressure on your skin will stimulate that layer of skin to grow

Thicker

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18

Some of the cells of the stratum Basale contain melanin proteins

True

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19

The dermis is a thicker laye4r than the epidermis

True

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20

All CT arises in the embryo from the

Mesoderm

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21

The connective tissue properties

a. Composed mainly of non-living extracellular matrix that separate the cells of the tissue b. CT can be found between different tissue and organs c. Ranges from avascular to highly vascular

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22

Reticular fibers are thicker but similar to collagen

False

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23

Three types of fiber are found in Connective tissue matrix, they are

Elastic, collagen, reticular

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24

Of the four main tissue types, which tissue is the main component of the synovial membrane

Connective tissue

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25

Epithelial tissue is highly regenerative and non-innervated

False

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26

The prognosis of an epithelial injury is

Very good

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27

Epithelium have

Avascular

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28

Area such as duct of sweat and mammary glands are protected by

Stratified cuboidal epithelium

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29

An example of transitional epithelium is the

Urinary bladder

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30

Transitional Epithelium is

Another form of stratified epithelium

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31

Keratinized stratified epithelium occur on wet surfaces such as

Skin

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32

The mouth is lined with

Stratified squamous epithelium

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33

The surface of the skin is a good example of ______epithelium

Stratified/ keratinized stratified

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34

Simple ciliated Columnar Epithelium is

Used to raft the mucus from the smaller airways towards the trachea

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35

Squamous epithelium are elevated cells located on our skin

False

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36

Simple cuboidal epithelium is found in structures like

Kidney tubules

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37

Anytime there is an entrance and/or exit in the body you expect to find

Epithelium

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38

The epithelium making up the innermost lining of your blood vessels is called

Endothelium

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39

In simple Epithelium

Each individual cells comprising the epithelium is in contact with the basement membrane

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40

Epithelial tissue

Lines cavities and surfaces of organs

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41

Our first line of defense is our immune system

False

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42

The 4 types of tissues are

Nervous, muscle, connective, epithelium

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