History Test - Ch. 14

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Battle of Antietam

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Tags and Description

US History

44 Terms

1

Battle of Antietam

bloodiest single day in American history - resulted in the emancipation proclamation

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2

Pickett's Charge

last ditch effort by confederates to win at Gettysburg

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3

Western Theater

north won most of the battles in the west

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4

Northern Agriculture

did not suffer from a lack of farmhands

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5

Lincoln and the Constitution

sometimes Lincoln acted beyond the bounds of the constitution in order to preserve the union

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6

Sherman's March

general Sherman estimated that he and his army destroyed many millions of dollars in southern property

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7

Civil War Human Cost

bloodiest war in American history

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8

Army of the Potomac

north's main army in the eastern theater

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9

Copperheads

peace democrats who sympathized with the south and opposed Lincoln

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10

CSS Virginia (USS Merrimack)

southern ironclad that threatened to break the blockade

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11

USS Monitor

the northern ironclad which had a revolving gun turret

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12

Peninsular Campaign

early attempt by the north to capture Richmond, VA - union reached the outskirts of Richmond - south was outnumbered during the campaign - north lost almost all of the major battles

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13

Valley Campaign

small confederate force diverted 2 union armies

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14

Army of Northern Virginia

south's main army in the eastern theater

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15

Wilderness Campaign

series of battles in the woods north of Richmond

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16

March to the Sea

name given to Sherman's destruction of Georgia

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17

First Battle of Manassas/Bull Run

first major land battle of the civil war

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18

Seven Day's Battle

south’s successful defense of Richmond during the peninsular campaign

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19

Battle of Chattanooga

confederate loss that opened the door for Sherman's march through Georgia

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20

Richmond

capital of the confederacy

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21

Battle of Gettysburg

marked the end of the south’s offensive war against the north - first clear cut defeat of the army of north Virginia (confederates)

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22

Forts Henry and Donelson

opened the door for the invasion of Tennessee

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23

Battle of Shiloh

southern ambush on Grant’s army

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24

Siege of Vicksburg

union victory gave the north complete control of the Mississippi river - Grant cut his army off from their supply lines and launched a surprise attack

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25

Siege of Petersburg

attempt to capture the rail center that led to Richmond

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26

Appomattox Court House

army of northern Virginia surrendered here to the north (Lee surrendered to Grant)

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27

Gettysburg Address

famous speech by Lincoln to dedicate a cemetery for the fallen at Gettysburg

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28

conscription/draft

compulsory enlistment into the military

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29

What state was established during the civil war?

West Virginia

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30

states' rights

central issue that sparked the civil war

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31

South's primary advantage

having more talented military leadership/generals

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32

Southern strategy

wage a defensive war and outlast the north

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33

Eastern Theater's main location

in the state of Virginia

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34

Stonewall Jackson

played a critical role in first and second Manassas, the seven days battle, and Chancelorsville

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35

Significance of the Monitor vs. the Virginia (Merrimack)

signaled the end of the age of wooden ships

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36

Result of the Battle of Fair Oaks

Robert E. Lee was promoted to commander of the confederate army

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37

Mississippi strategic importance

divide the confederacy in two

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38

Ulysses S. Grant

despite becoming the victorious general of the civil war, he had previously been forced out of the army due to his alcoholism

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39

New York Draft Riot (1863)

caused over opposition to conscription

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40

border state

slave state that did not secede

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41

Trent affair

almost drew Great Britain into the war

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42

Battle of Cold Harbor

Grant's greatest defeat

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43

Grant's strategy

Grant knew he could replace his losses (soldiers) while the south could not, so he took advantage of this

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44

The Fall of Atlanta

ensured Lincoln's reelection in 1864

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