Anatomy Skeletal System

studied byStudied by 35 people
0.0(0)
get a hint
hint

skull

1 / 74

encourage image

There's no tags or description

Looks like no one added any tags here yet for you.

Studying Progress

0%
New cards
75
Still learning
0
Almost done
0
Mastered
0
75 Terms
1
New cards

skull

<p>Bone or cartilage that protects the brain and forms the head</p>

Bone or cartilage that protects the brain and forms the head

<p>Bone or cartilage that protects the brain and forms the head</p>
New cards
2
New cards

frontal bone

<p>forms the forehead</p>

forms the forehead

<p>forms the forehead</p>
New cards
3
New cards

occipital bone

<p>back of head</p>

back of head

<p>back of head</p>
New cards
4
New cards

temporal bone

<p>Located near ear bone that forms parts of the side of the skull and floor of the cranial activity. There is a right and left temporal bone.</p>

Located near ear bone that forms parts of the side of the skull and floor of the cranial activity. There is a right and left temporal bone.

<p>Located near ear bone that forms parts of the side of the skull and floor of the cranial activity. There is a right and left temporal bone.</p>
New cards
5
New cards

parietal bone

<p>a bone forming the central side and upper back part of each side of the skull.</p>

a bone forming the central side and upper back part of each side of the skull.

<p>a bone forming the central side and upper back part of each side of the skull.</p>
New cards
6
New cards

Maxilla

<p>upper jaw</p>

upper jaw

<p>upper jaw</p>
New cards
7
New cards

Mandible

<p>lower jaw</p>

lower jaw

<p>lower jaw</p>
New cards
8
New cards

Zygomatic bone

<p>cheek bone</p>

cheek bone

<p>cheek bone</p>
New cards
9
New cards

nasal bone

<p>bridge of nose</p>

bridge of nose

<p>bridge of nose</p>
New cards
10
New cards

Clavicle

<p>collar bone</p>

collar bone

<p>collar bone</p>
New cards
11
New cards

Scapula

<p>shoulder blade</p>

shoulder blade

<p>shoulder blade</p>
New cards
12
New cards

sternum manubrium

<p>top of sternum</p>

top of sternum

<p>top of sternum</p>
New cards
13
New cards

xiphoid process

<p>lower, narrow portion of the sternum</p>

lower, narrow portion of the sternum

<p>lower, narrow portion of the sternum</p>
New cards
14
New cards

main body

<p>the bony structure that forms the middle portion of the sternum</p>

the bony structure that forms the middle portion of the sternum

<p>the bony structure that forms the middle portion of the sternum</p>
New cards
15
New cards

Ribs

<p>The bones in the chest that protect the heart and lungs.</p>

The bones in the chest that protect the heart and lungs.

<p>The bones in the chest that protect the heart and lungs.</p>
New cards
16
New cards

True ribs (1-7)

<p>first 7 pairs of ribs; attach directly to sternum</p>

first 7 pairs of ribs; attach directly to sternum

<p>first 7 pairs of ribs; attach directly to sternum</p>
New cards
17
New cards

false ribs (8-12)

<p>ribs that do not have a direct attachment to the sternum</p>

ribs that do not have a direct attachment to the sternum

<p>ribs that do not have a direct attachment to the sternum</p>
New cards
18
New cards

floating ribs (11-12)

<p>not attached to sternum (only vertebrae)</p>

not attached to sternum (only vertebrae)

<p>not attached to sternum (only vertebrae)</p>
New cards
19
New cards

Humerus

<p>upper arm bone</p>

upper arm bone

<p>upper arm bone</p>
New cards
20
New cards

Radius

<p>lateral bone of the forearm</p>

lateral bone of the forearm

<p>lateral bone of the forearm</p>
New cards
21
New cards

Ulna

<p>medial bone of the forearm</p>

medial bone of the forearm

<p>medial bone of the forearm</p>
New cards
22
New cards

Carpals

<p>wrist bones</p>

wrist bones

<p>wrist bones</p>
New cards
23
New cards

Metacarpals

<p>hand bones</p>

hand bones

<p>hand bones</p>
New cards
24
New cards

Phalanges

<p>fingers, toes</p>

fingers, toes

<p>fingers, toes</p>
New cards
25
New cards

coxal bone

<p>hip bone composed of 3 parts illium, ischium, and pubis</p>

hip bone composed of 3 parts illium, ischium, and pubis

<p>hip bone composed of 3 parts illium, ischium, and pubis</p>
New cards
26
New cards

Illium

<p>A broad, flared bone that makes up the upper and lateral sections of the pelvis.</p>

A broad, flared bone that makes up the upper and lateral sections of the pelvis.

<p>A broad, flared bone that makes up the upper and lateral sections of the pelvis.</p>
New cards
27
New cards

ischium

<p>the lower, posterior portions of the pelvis</p>

the lower, posterior portions of the pelvis

<p>the lower, posterior portions of the pelvis</p>
New cards
28
New cards

pubis

<p>The medial anterior portion of the pelvis</p>

The medial anterior portion of the pelvis

<p>The medial anterior portion of the pelvis</p>
New cards
29
New cards

pelvic girdle

<p>Left and right coxal bones, with all the bones within them</p>

Left and right coxal bones, with all the bones within them

<p>Left and right coxal bones, with all the bones within them</p>
New cards
30
New cards

verterbral column

<p>protects the spinal cord</p>

protects the spinal cord

<p>protects the spinal cord</p>
New cards
31
New cards

Cervical Vertebrae (C1-C7)

<p>first set of 7 bones, forming the neck</p>

first set of 7 bones, forming the neck

<p>first set of 7 bones, forming the neck</p>
New cards
32
New cards

Atlas (C1)

<p>supports the head</p>

supports the head

<p>supports the head</p>
New cards
33
New cards

Axis (C2)

<p>second cervical vertebrae. Allows the head to shake &quot;no&quot;</p>

second cervical vertebrae. Allows the head to shake "no"

<p>second cervical vertebrae. Allows the head to shake &quot;no&quot;</p>
New cards
34
New cards

Thoracic Vertebrae (T1-T12)

<p>the second set of 12 vertebrae; form the outward curve of the spine</p>

the second set of 12 vertebrae; form the outward curve of the spine

<p>the second set of 12 vertebrae; form the outward curve of the spine</p>
New cards
35
New cards

lumbar vertebrae (L1 - L5)

<p>Lower back Large bodies that bear most of the body&apos;s weight</p>

Lower back Large bodies that bear most of the body's weight

<p>Lower back Large bodies that bear most of the body&apos;s weight</p>
New cards
36
New cards

Sacrum

<p>5 fused vertebrae (S1-S5)</p>

5 fused vertebrae (S1-S5)

<p>5 fused vertebrae (S1-S5)</p>
New cards
37
New cards

cocyx

<p>tailbone</p>

tailbone

<p>tailbone</p>
New cards
38
New cards

Femur

<p>thigh bone</p>

thigh bone

<p>thigh bone</p>
New cards
39
New cards

Patella

<p>kneecap</p>

kneecap

<p>kneecap</p>
New cards
40
New cards

Tibia

<p>shin bone</p>

shin bone

<p>shin bone</p>
New cards
41
New cards

Fibula

<p>calf bone</p>

calf bone

<p>calf bone</p>
New cards
42
New cards

Talus

<p>the anklebone that articulates with the tibia and fibula</p>

the anklebone that articulates with the tibia and fibula

<p>the anklebone that articulates with the tibia and fibula</p>
New cards
43
New cards

Tarsal

<p>ankle region (anterior)</p>

ankle region (anterior)

<p>ankle region (anterior)</p>
New cards
44
New cards

Metatarsals

<p>bones of the foot between ankle and toes</p>

bones of the foot between ankle and toes

<p>bones of the foot between ankle and toes</p>
New cards
45
New cards

calcaneus

<p>heel bone</p>

heel bone

<p>heel bone</p>
New cards
46
New cards

foramen magnum

<p>the hole in the base of the skull through which the spinal cord passes.</p>

the hole in the base of the skull through which the spinal cord passes.

<p>the hole in the base of the skull through which the spinal cord passes.</p>
New cards
47
New cards

radial tuberosity

<p>insertion of biceps brachii</p>

insertion of biceps brachii

<p>insertion of biceps brachii</p>
New cards
48
New cards

tibial tuberosity

<p>point where the patellar ligament attaches</p>

point where the patellar ligament attaches

<p>point where the patellar ligament attaches</p>
New cards
49
New cards

Acetabulum

<p>hip socket</p>

hip socket

<p>hip socket</p>
New cards
50
New cards

glenoid fossa

<p>Area of the temporal bone where condyles of the mandible articulate with the skull</p>

Area of the temporal bone where condyles of the mandible articulate with the skull

<p>Area of the temporal bone where condyles of the mandible articulate with the skull</p>
New cards
51
New cards

long bone

<p>longer than they are wide</p>

longer than they are wide

<p>longer than they are wide</p>
New cards
52
New cards

short bones

<p>cube shaped bones of the wrist and ankle</p>

cube shaped bones of the wrist and ankle

<p>cube shaped bones of the wrist and ankle</p>
New cards
53
New cards

irregular bones

<p>bones of the vertebrae and face</p>

bones of the vertebrae and face

<p>bones of the vertebrae and face</p>
New cards
54
New cards

flat bones

<p>bones of the ribs, shoulder blades, pelvis, and skull</p>

bones of the ribs, shoulder blades, pelvis, and skull

<p>bones of the ribs, shoulder blades, pelvis, and skull</p>
New cards
55
New cards

sesamoid bones

<p>round bones found near joints (e.g., the patella)</p>

round bones found near joints (e.g., the patella)

<p>round bones found near joints (e.g., the patella)</p>
New cards
56
New cards

Diaphysis

<p>shaft of a long bone</p>

shaft of a long bone

<p>shaft of a long bone</p>
New cards
57
New cards

proximal epiphysis

<p>the end of the bone located nearest to the midline of the body</p>

the end of the bone located nearest to the midline of the body

<p>the end of the bone located nearest to the midline of the body</p>
New cards
58
New cards

distal epiphysis

<p>end of the bone located farthest away from the midline</p>

end of the bone located farthest away from the midline

<p>end of the bone located farthest away from the midline</p>
New cards
59
New cards

Periosteum

<p>Double-layered connective tissue that covers and nourishes the bone.</p>

Double-layered connective tissue that covers and nourishes the bone.

<p>Double-layered connective tissue that covers and nourishes the bone.</p>
New cards
60
New cards

compact bone

<p>Hard, dense bone tissue that is beneath the outer membrane of a bone</p>

Hard, dense bone tissue that is beneath the outer membrane of a bone

<p>Hard, dense bone tissue that is beneath the outer membrane of a bone</p>
New cards
61
New cards

spongy bone

<p>Layer of bone tissue having many small spaces and found just inside the layer of compact bone.</p>

Layer of bone tissue having many small spaces and found just inside the layer of compact bone.

<p>Layer of bone tissue having many small spaces and found just inside the layer of compact bone.</p>
New cards
62
New cards

marrow cavity

<p>contains bone marrow</p>

contains bone marrow

<p>contains bone marrow</p>
New cards
63
New cards

Foramen

<p>Round or oval opening through a bone</p>

Round or oval opening through a bone

<p>Round or oval opening through a bone</p>
New cards
64
New cards

Condyle

<p>rounded articular projection, often articulates with a corresponding fossa</p>

rounded articular projection, often articulates with a corresponding fossa

<p>rounded articular projection, often articulates with a corresponding fossa</p>
New cards
65
New cards

Crest

<p>Narrow ridge of bone; usually prominent</p>

Narrow ridge of bone; usually prominent

<p>Narrow ridge of bone; usually prominent</p>
New cards
66
New cards

Tuberosity

<p>Large rounded projection; may be roughened</p>

Large rounded projection; may be roughened

<p>Large rounded projection; may be roughened</p>
New cards
67
New cards

suture joint

<p>interlocking line of union between bones</p>

interlocking line of union between bones

<p>interlocking line of union between bones</p>
New cards
68
New cards

gliding joint

<p>nearly flat bone surfaces slide or glide over each other</p>

nearly flat bone surfaces slide or glide over each other

<p>nearly flat bone surfaces slide or glide over each other</p>
New cards
69
New cards

hinge joint

<p>Joint between bones (as at the elbow or knee) that permits motion in only one plane</p>

Joint between bones (as at the elbow or knee) that permits motion in only one plane

<p>Joint between bones (as at the elbow or knee) that permits motion in only one plane</p>
New cards
70
New cards

pivot joint

<p>Allows for rotation around the length of a bone, and only allows for rotation. (neck)</p>

Allows for rotation around the length of a bone, and only allows for rotation. (neck)

<p>Allows for rotation around the length of a bone, and only allows for rotation. (neck)</p>
New cards
71
New cards

saddle joint

<p>type of joint found at the base of each thumb; allows grasping and rotation</p>

type of joint found at the base of each thumb; allows grasping and rotation

<p>type of joint found at the base of each thumb; allows grasping and rotation</p>
New cards
72
New cards

ball and socket joint

<p>shoulder and hip</p>

shoulder and hip

<p>shoulder and hip</p>
New cards
73
New cards

Ellipsoidal (condyloid)

<p>Biaxial joint (e.g., radiocarpal extension, flexion at the wrist)</p>

Biaxial joint (e.g., radiocarpal extension, flexion at the wrist)

<p>Biaxial joint (e.g., radiocarpal extension, flexion at the wrist)</p>
New cards
74
New cards

axial skeleton

<p>Portion of the skeletal system that consists of the skull, rib cage, and vertebral column</p>

Portion of the skeletal system that consists of the skull, rib cage, and vertebral column

<p>Portion of the skeletal system that consists of the skull, rib cage, and vertebral column</p>
New cards
75
New cards

appendicular skeleton

<p>Bones of the limbs and limb girdles that are attached to the axial skeleton</p>

Bones of the limbs and limb girdles that are attached to the axial skeleton

<p>Bones of the limbs and limb girdles that are attached to the axial skeleton</p>
New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 9 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 13 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 14 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 25 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 28 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 21 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
note Note
studied byStudied by 7052 people
Updated ... ago
4.8 Stars(215)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard90 terms
studied byStudied by 71 people
Updated ... ago
4.3 Stars(3)
flashcards Flashcard60 terms
studied byStudied by 11 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard152 terms
studied byStudied by 29 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(3)
flashcards Flashcard39 terms
studied byStudied by 40 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard70 terms
studied byStudied by 1 person
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard104 terms
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard45 terms
studied byStudied by 349 people
Updated ... ago
4.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard47 terms
studied byStudied by 359 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(9)