Folklore, Power and Class

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Sociology of food

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38 Terms

1

Sociology of food

the study of food as it relates to the history, progression and future

development of society.

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2

Folklore

consists of legends, music, art, spoken history, popular beliefs, fairy tales, stories, tall

tales, customs, and superstitions that are traditions of a culture or group

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3

American Folklore

encompasses folk traditions that have evolved since Europeans arrived in

the 16th Century as well as Native American myths and legends

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4

Superstitions

~Beliefs in supernatural forces, such as fate

~The desire to influence unpredictable factors and a need to resolve uncertainty

~Irrational

~Often passed down from generation to generation

~Provides a sense of control and reduces anxiety

~Superstitions are part of folklore

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5

Legends

traditional story popular by history but not authentic

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6

Power

the ability to bring about an intended outcome, even when it is opposed by

others

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7

Empowerment

increases the capacity to bring about an intended outcome

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8

Persuade

get people’s compliance by convincing them of the correctness of your

position and goals

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9

Reward

encourage compliance in people by offering incentives

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10

Coerce

force compliance by threatening, intimidating, pressuring or harming them

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11

Reward Power

the control one group has over valued resources that can be used to

provide positive incentives

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12

Coercive Power

the ability to punish, withholding valued resources or by inflicting

verbal or physical harm

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13

Legitimate Power

exercised by those who invoke a feeling of obligation, one should obey

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14

Referent Power

based on feelings or identification, affection and respect for another

person, even if that person does not seek influence over others

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15

Expert Power

arises from the perception that a person has superior knowledge in a particular area

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16

Informational Power

based on a person’s use of facts

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17

Power Tactics

the specific strategies people use to influence others in everyday life

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18

Hard

forceful, direct, and hars

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19

Soft

focus on relationships and relationship building

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20

Rational

appeal to logic and include bargaining and reasonable persuasion

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21

Non-rational

emotional appeal that does not make sense

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22

Unilateral

do not require cooperation to initiate, they include demands, orders or

disengagement

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23

Bilateral

involves give and take, negotiation and discussion

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24

Economic Power

allocating resources

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25

Political Power

making decision and rules for society

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26

Cultural Power

defining reality

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27

Traditional Authority

typically legitimate power because of compliance with

well-established cultural practices

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28

Rational-Legal Authority

typically legitimate power because it is based in established

laws, rules and procedures

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29

Charismatic Authority

typically legitimate power that is derived from the extraordinary personal characteristics of an individual leader, which inspire loyalty and devotion

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30

Standpoint Theory

questions the idea of taken for granted assumptions about society by looking at it from multiple viewpoints, especially from the perspective of people in subordinate positions

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31

Standpoint

the place from which a person views the world

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32

Class

a group of people who share a roughly similar economic position and lifestyle

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33

Class Mobility

the ability to move from one social class to another

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34

Structural Mobility

a shift in the available occupation changes the class system as a whole

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35

Individual Mobility

when a person’s class position changes with any change in the larger class structure

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36

Life Chances

the opportunities offered by a person’s economic position

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37

Social Closure

the process in which a status group maximizes its own advantages by restricting access to reward only to members of the group.

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38

Discrimination

social closure involves discrimination, treating others unequally based on their background or other personal characteristics

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