Honors Bio Life Functions

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Regulation

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29 Terms

1

Regulation

control and coordination of physiological activities

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2

Synthesis

forming a complex molecule from simple molecules

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3

Respiration

release of stored energy from an organic molecule transfer of chemical energy to a more usable form

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4

Transport

Life function by which organisms absorb and distribute materials needed for life.

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5

Nutrition

the processes by which living organisms obtain and use those acquired nutrients to sustain biological life.

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6

Digestion

break down of food into nutrients

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7

Reproduction

process performed by organisms to repopulate their species

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8

Locomotion

helps us to move from one place to other

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9

Homeostasis

the balance of all your life functions

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10

Metabolism

the sum of all your life functions

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11

Cells

sequence of levels of structural organization

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12

Unicellular

composed of one cell, perform life processes without organ systems

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13

Multicellular

composed of many cells, perform life processes with organ systems

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14

The factors required to be considered as a living thing

  1. perform metabolic processes

  2. maintain homeostasis

  3. needs energy for cell activities

  4. composed of one or more cells

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15

What are all the six organelles?

nucleus, mitochondria, chloroplast, cell membrane, ribosomes, vacuoles

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16

Nucleus

controls most cell activities and contains DNA

<p>controls most cell activities and contains DNA</p>
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17

Mitochondria

site of aerobic cellular respiration

<p>site of aerobic cellular respiration</p>
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18

Chloroplast

site of photosynthesis

<p>site of photosynthesis</p>
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19

Cell membrane

selectively regulates the passage of materials into and out of the cell

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20

Ribosome

site of protein synthesis

<p>site of protein synthesis</p>
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21

Vacuoles

storage of waste, food, and excess water

<p>storage of waste, food, and excess water</p>
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22

Lysosome

an organelle that helps digest certain materials inside the cell.

<p>an organelle that helps digest certain materials inside the cell.</p>
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23

Amyloplast

colorless plant plastid that forms and stores starch.

<p>colorless plant plastid that forms and stores starch.</p>
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24

golgi body

takes in protein, modifies it, and then places it in cells called vesicles

<p><span style="font-family: Google Sans, Roboto, arial, sans-serif; color: rgb(189, 193, 198)">takes in protein, modifies it, and then places it in cells called vesicles</span></p>
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25

endoplasmic reticulum

a network of membranes in a cell through which molecules like proteins move in.

<p>a network of membranes in a cell through which molecules like proteins move in.</p>
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26

nucleolus

a sphere whose function is to produce and make the cell's ribosomes.

<p>a sphere whose function is to produce and make the cell's ribosomes.</p>
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27

nuclear envelope

membrane barrier that separates the nucleus from the cytoplasm.

<p>  membrane barrier that separates the nucleus from the cytoplasm.</p>
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28

cytoplasm

holds the components of the cell and protects them

<p>holds the components of the cell and protects them</p>
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29

centriole

help with cell division in animal cells.

<p>help with cell division in animal cells.</p>
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