AP Human Geography - Unit 4

studied byStudied by 91 people
5.0(3)
get a hint
hint

Nation

1 / 65

Tags and Description

Geography

9th

Political Organization of Space

66 Terms

1

Nation

a people who share a common heritage, are unified by shared values and heritage, and typically claim a specific location as their homeland based on tradition

New cards
2

State

synonymous with country

New cards
3

Nation-State

A singular nation of people who fulfill the qualifications of a state

New cards
4

Multinational State

a country that contains more than one nation

New cards
5

Stateless Nation

cultural groups that have no independent political entity

New cards
6

Multistate Nations

a nation has a state of its own but stretches across borders of other states

New cards
7

Autonomous Region

A defined area within a state that has a high degree of self-government and freedom from its parent state

New cards
8

Fall of Communism

This has changed the balance of world power, including the formation of new states

New cards
9

Heartland Theory

Mackinder's theory that land based power was essential to world domination

New cards
10

Organic Theory

Ratzel's theory that states are living organisms, and they need living space and growth to not only survive but remain strong

New cards
11

Antecedent Boundary

a boundary created before an area is known or populated

New cards
12

Geometric Boundary

the 49th parallel is a good example of this

New cards
13

Militarized Boundary

the Berlin Wall is an example of this

New cards
14

Unitary State

states with this kind of government allow little to no power/sovereignty for their sub-units; most states of this kind are located in Europe

New cards
15

Territorial Sea

a state has sovereignty up to 12 miles off their coast; commercial vessels pass, non-commercial can be challenged

New cards
16

Territoriality

a willingness by one person or a group of people to defend space they claim

New cards
17

Federal State

states with this kind of government allow powers/sovereignty for their sub-units; examples would include Canada and the United States

New cards
18

EEZ

the 200 mile radius off the coast where a country has exclusive rights to harvest resources

New cards
19

Frontier

an area at the edge of any type of effective political control or at the edge of a settlement

New cards
20

Subsequent Boundary

a boundary created after settlement, usually meant to separate existing cultural groups

New cards
21

Natural Boundary

the Sadra River is an example of this

New cards
22

NAFTA

regional trade blocs that can challenge state sovereignty

New cards
23

Devolution

the process in which power moves from the central government to subnational units

New cards
24

Balkanization

the complete breaking up of a country

New cards
25

Subnationlist

people who have a primary allegiance to a traditional group or ethnicity, rather than their central state

New cards
26

Centrifugal Forces

armed conflicts, uneven economic development, stateless nations, ethnic movements

New cards
27

Centripetal Forces

national identity; equitable infrastructure development; linguistic, cultural, ethnic homogeneity

New cards
28

Nationlism

A strong feeling of pride in and devotion to one's country

New cards
29

Colonialism

Attempt by one country to establish settlements and to impose its political, economic, and cultural principles in another territory.

New cards
30

Geopolitics

study of government and its policies as affected by physical geography

New cards
31

Sovereignty

Ability of a state to govern its territory free from control of its internal affairs by other states.

New cards
32

State Morphology

study of states' shapes and their effects

New cards
33

Municipality

A city, town, etc. having its own incorporated government for local affairs.

New cards
34

Supranationalism

three or more countries agree to give up a degree of autonomy in order to pursue common goals. (ex. European Union)

New cards
35

Irredentism

a policy of cultural extension and potential political expansion by a country aimed at a group of its nationals living in a neighboring country

New cards
36

Democratization

the process of creating a government elected by the people

New cards
37

Ethnic exclaves

an area populated by an ethnic group separated from the main territory occupied by the same ethnic group

New cards
38

Ethnic enclaves

neighborhoods where people from similar cultures live together and assert cultural distinction from the dominant group

New cards
39

Ethnic separatism

desired regional autonomy expressed by a culturally distinctive group within a larger, politically dominant culture

New cards
40

Terrorism

the use of violence and intimidation in the pursuit of political aims.

New cards
41

NATO

North Atlantic Treaty Organization; an alliance made to defend one another if they were attacked by any other country; US, England, France, Canada, Western European countries

New cards
42

United Nations

an organization of independent states formed in 1945 to promote international peace and security

New cards
43

OPEC

Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries: intergovernmental oil demand supply market

New cards
44

Gerrymandering

Process of redrawing legislative boundaries for the purpose of benefiting the party in power.

New cards
45

Redistricting

The redrawing of congressional and other legislative district lines following the census, to accommodate population shifts and keep districts as equal as possible in population.

New cards
46

UNCLOS

A code of maritime law approved by the United Nations in 1982 that authorizes, among other provisions, territorial waters extending 12 nautical miles (22km) from shore and 200-nautical-mile-wide (370-km-wide) exclusive economic zones.

New cards
47

Open Borders

An open border is a border that enables free movement of people between different jurisdictions with limited or no restrictions on movement.

New cards
48

Ethnographic Border

a cultural boundary that runs along differences in ethnicity, such as language and religion.

New cards
49

Superimposed Border

a political boundary/border placed by powerful outsiders on a developed human landscape

New cards
50

Relic Boundary/Border

A boundary no longer observed but that still affects the present-day area (e.g. border between West and East Germany in Berlin)

New cards
51

Allocational Boundary Dispute

A boundary dispute that involves conflicting claims to the natural resources of a border region.

New cards
52

Operational Boundary Dispute

Conflict over the way a boundary should operate or function, such as the conflict over allowing migration across the border

New cards
53

Locational Boundary Dispute

Conflict over the location or place of a boundary

New cards
54

Definitional Boundary Dispute

focus on the legal language of the boundary agreement

New cards
55

Defined Boundary

one established by a legal document, such as a treaty.

New cards
56

Demarcated Boundary

identified by physical objects place on the landscape, such as a sign, wall, or fence.

New cards
57

Administered Boundary

The enforcement and maintaining of a boundary by a government

New cards
58

Internal Boundaries

physical, cultural, or geometric boundaries within a country (such as provinces or states)

New cards
59

Imperialism

A policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force.

New cards
60

Political Map

A map showing units such as countries, states, provinces, districts, etc. Each is normally a different color

New cards
61

Delimited Boundary

a line drawn on a map to show the limits of a space

New cards
62

Communism

advocating class war and leading to a society in which all property is publicly owned and each person works and is paid according to their abilities and needs.

New cards
63

Autonomy

the right or condition of self-government.

New cards
64

Agrarianism

a social or political movement designed to bring about land reforms or to improve the economic status of the farmer

New cards
65

Rimland theory

Spykman's theory that controlling key maritime areas of the world leads to world domination, as it provides varied resources, including the sea.

New cards
66

Maritime

Of, relating to, or bordering on the sea.

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 4 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 17 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 3 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 165 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 8 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 25 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 61 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard59 terms
studied byStudied by 10 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard40 terms
studied byStudied by 9 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard23 terms
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard104 terms
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard70 terms
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard125 terms
studied byStudied by 25 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard54 terms
studied byStudied by 7 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard59 terms
studied byStudied by 10 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)