AP Government and Politics

studied byStudied by 16 people
4.0(1)
get a hint
hint

limited government

1 / 70

encourage image

There's no tags or description

Looks like no one added any tags here yet for you.

71 Terms

1

limited government

belief that government is not all powerful; government only has those powers given to it

New cards
2

popular sovereignty

the people are the source of the government’s authority

New cards
3

federalist 51

James Madison argues that the government under the new constitution will not become too powerful because the separation of powers will keep each branch in check

New cards
4

federalist 10

Talks about factions: Madison said there are two ways to deal with factions: eliminate them completely by removing their causes or limit their impacts by controlling their effects. Madison believed the second was possible under the new constitution.

New cards
5

Article 1

legislative branch

New cards
6

article 2

executive branch

New cards
7

article 3

judicial branch

New cards
8

article 4

intergovernmental relationships

New cards
9

article 5

amendment process

New cards
10

article 6

supremacy of the constitution: supremacy clause

New cards
11

article 7

ratification process

New cards
12

amendment 1

grants freedom of religion, speech, press, assemby, and petition

New cards
13

amendment 2

ensures the right to keep and bear arms

New cards
14

amendment 3

the quartering of troops

New cards
15

amendment 4

regulates search, seizure, and warrants

New cards
16

amendment 5

addresses protections against self-incrimination, guarantees of due process, eminent domain, and grand jury indictment for capital crimes

New cards
17

amendment 6

guarantees rights to a speedy and public trial and the right to an attorney

New cards
18

amendment 7

preserves the right to a jury trial in civil cases

New cards
19

amendment 8

ensures no excessive bails or fines, and covers cruel and unusual punishment

New cards
20

amendment 9

cites unenumerated rights of the people

New cards
21

amendment 10

reserves powers of the states and the people

New cards
22

amendment 11

restricts laws against the states

New cards
23

amendment 12

provides for election of the president and vice-president by separate ballot in electoral college

New cards
24

amendment 13

abolishes slavery

New cards
25

amendment 14

guarantees rights of citizenship, due process, and equal protection

New cards
26

amendment 15

guarantees citizens the right to vote regardless of race, color, and previous servitude

New cards
27

amendment 16

authorizes income tax

New cards
28

amendment 17

establishes direct election of senators by popular vote

New cards
29

amendment 18

prohibits intoxicating liquors

New cards
30

amendment 19

women’s right to vote

New cards
31

amendment 20

sets terms and sessions of executive and legislative branches: “lame duck”

New cards
32

amendment 21

repeals prohibition (19th amendment)

New cards
33

amendment 22

limits presidential terms of office

New cards
34

amendment 23

allows for voting rights in district of Columbia in presidential election

New cards
35

amendment 24

abolishes poll taxes

New cards
36

amendment 25

addresses presidential succession, disability, and vice- presidential vacancies

New cards
37

amendment 26

gives 18 year olds the right to vote

New cards
38

amendment 27

addresses congressional pay

New cards
39

commerce clause

gives congress the power to regulate with foreign nations, among several states and Indian Tribes

New cards
40

Necessary and proper clause

congress has to power to make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into execution the foregoing powers

New cards
41

supremacy clause

states that the constitution , its laws and treaties shall be the “supreme law of the land”

New cards
42

dual federalism

layered cake

New cards
43

cooperative federalism

marble cake

New cards
44

block grants

general grants that can be used for anything in a specific category

New cards
45

categorical grants

grants that have a specific purpose defined by law

New cards
46

mandates

requirements that impact state and local government by the federal government such as the disabilities act, which usually doesn’t come with funding from the federal government

New cards
47

Which topic does Maryland V. McCulloh and Gibbons v. Ogden

Supremacy clause

New cards
48

Rational voting

voting based on what voters perceive to be their own best interest

New cards
49

Retrospective voting

voting based on past performance of a candidate

New cards
50

prospective voting

voting based on how the voters believe the candidate will perform

New cards
51

closed primaries

must be affiliated with the party canidate they want to vote for

New cards
52

open primaries

don’t have to be in a party but pick sides in the booth

New cards
53

incumbency

is the tendency for those who are already elected to be re-elected

New cards
54

standing committee

is a permanent committee that deals with specific policy matters

New cards
55

select committee

a temporary committee created for a certain issue

New cards
56

joint committee

Is made up of both members of both houses of congress

New cards
57

conference committee

is a temporary committee of members from both houses of congress, created to resolve the differences in house and senate versions of a bill.

New cards
58

member of congress: delegate

votes how they think the people who appointed them would want them to vote

New cards
59

member of congress: trustee

vote based on their own opinions

New cards
60

member of congress: politico

members vote based on party loyalty

New cards
61

enumerated powers of congress

enacting legislation, coining money, passing the federal budget, raising revenue, declaring war, raising and maintaining armed forces

New cards
62

implied powers of congress

necessary and proper clause

New cards
63

how a bill becomes a law

go over it

New cards
64

Filibuster

An attempt to stall the voting of a bill

New cards
65

Cloture

The way to end a filibuster requires 60 votes from senators

New cards
66

Logrolling

Away to attempt to get a build to pass senators say I will vote for your bill if you vote for mine

New cards
67

Riders

Random additions to a bill that do not match the rest of the bill often called a Christmas tree bill

New cards
68

Federalist 70

Hamilton calls for a strong executive leader

New cards
69

formal qualifications to be president

35, natural-born citizen, resident of us 14 years prior to election

New cards
70

Formal powers of the president

Faithfully execute the laws veto commander in chief appoint ambassadors the approval of the Senate the power of pardons state of the Union

New cards
71

Informal powers of the president

Executive orders executive agreements on bills signing statements crisis manager leader of the free world party leader

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 150 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(4)
note Note
studied byStudied by 48 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
note Note
studied byStudied by 12 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 20 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 4 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 41 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(4)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard28 terms
studied byStudied by 42 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard29 terms
studied byStudied by 1 person
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard46 terms
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard28 terms
studied byStudied by 34 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(3)
flashcards Flashcard27 terms
studied byStudied by 16 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard33 terms
studied byStudied by 17 people
Updated ... ago
4.5 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard62 terms
studied byStudied by 7 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard324 terms
studied byStudied by 7 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)