WWI - The First Year 1914

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Triple Entente

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1

Triple Entente

A military alliance between Great Britain, France, and Russia in WWI

<p>A military alliance between Great Britain, France, and Russia in WWI</p>
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2

Triple Alliance (Central Powers)

Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire, Italy

<p>Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire, Italy</p>
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3

Empire

an extensive group of states or countries under a single supreme authority, formerly especially an emperor or empress.

<p>an extensive group of states or countries under a single supreme authority, formerly especially an emperor or empress.</p>
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4

Military Alliance

international agreement concerning the national security of the contracted parties

<p>international agreement concerning the national security of the contracted parties</p>
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5

The Shot Heard Round the World

the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand shot by 18-year-old Gavrillo Princip. The trigger action of WWI.

<p>the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand shot by 18-year-old Gavrillo Princip. The trigger action of WWI.</p>
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6

The British Empire

England + its colonies (Ireland, N. America, Asia, Africa, Caribbean)

<p>England + its colonies (Ireland, N. America, Asia, Africa, Caribbean)</p>
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7

Austro-Hungarian Empire

Empire in which a dual monarchy was set up in order to bring compromise to a series of different ethnicities.

<p>Empire in which a dual monarchy was set up in order to bring compromise to a series of different ethnicities.</p>
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8

Ottoman Empire

A Muslim empire based in Turkey that lasted from the 1300s to 1922.

<p>A Muslim empire based in Turkey that lasted from the 1300s to 1922.</p>
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9

Russian Empire

An Empire that stretched from the Baltic Sea to the Pacific Ocean ruled by the Romanovs until 1907

<p>An Empire that stretched from the Baltic Sea to the Pacific Ocean ruled by the Romanovs until 1907</p>
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10

monarchy

authority in one royal person

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11

republic

authority in the people

<p>authority in the people</p>
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12

Western Front

Most fighting was done here. A line of trenches divided the Allied forces from the central powers between France and Germany.

<p>Most fighting was done here. A line of trenches divided the Allied forces from the central powers between France and Germany.</p>
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13

Military Campaign

Large scale, significant strategy, plans, operations or battles during a war

<p>Large scale, significant strategy, plans, operations or battles during a war</p>
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14

Military front

a region, narrow band of land where armies fight.

<p>a region, narrow band of land where armies fight.</p>
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15

Eastern Front

Longest front in WWI and saw some of the heaviest casualties. The primary battleground where Allied Russians fought central powers.

<p>Longest front in WWI and saw some of the heaviest casualties. The primary battleground where Allied Russians fought central powers.</p>
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16

Naval Warfare

battles at sea

<p>battles at sea</p>
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17

The British Naval Blockade of WWI

british ships blocking ships from reaching german ports. Seen as an unfair tactic against the rules of war.

<p>british ships blocking ships from reaching german ports. Seen as an unfair tactic against the rules of war.</p>
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18

The Rules of War

Rules set out for wars so that wars don't become out of hand or inhumane

<p>Rules set out for wars so that wars don&apos;t become out of hand or inhumane</p>
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19

Germany's unrestricted U-boat campaign

German U-boats (submarines) destroyed allied ships, military and civilians.

<p>German U-boats (submarines) destroyed allied ships, military and civilians.</p>
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20

War Crimes

an action carried out during the conduct of a war that violates accepted international rules of war.

<p>an action carried out during the conduct of a war that violates accepted international rules of war.</p>
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21

Flag of Truce

flag consisting of a piece of white cloth that is hoisted as a sign of surrender

<p>flag consisting of a piece of white cloth that is hoisted as a sign of surrender</p>
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22

Christmas truce

During World War I, on Christmas Day both sides stopped fighting and joined together peacefully for Christmas.

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23

Tsar Nicholas II

Last emperor of Russia. assassinated during WWI

<p>Last emperor of Russia. assassinated during WWI</p>
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24

Bolsheviks

A group of revolutionary Russian Marxists who took control of Russia's government in November 1917

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25

Communism

A theory or system of social organization based on the holding of all property in common, actual ownership being ascribed to the community as a whole or to the state.

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26

Vladimir Lenin

Leader of the Bolsheviks

<p>Leader of the Bolsheviks</p>
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27

President Woodrow Wilson

President of the United States during WWI and kept the US neutral for the most part.

<p>President of the United States during WWI and kept the US neutral for the most part.</p>
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28

armstice

An agreement to stop fighting

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29

Austrian Hungarian bombards Serbia - WWI beggins

July 28, 1914

<p>July 28, 1914</p>
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30

Trenches

Deep ditches used in battle for cover against enemy gunfire. built in a zigzag pattern

<p>Deep ditches used in battle for cover against enemy gunfire. built in a zigzag pattern</p>
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31

Munitions

war materials, such as weapons

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32

Propaganda

Biased presentation of information in order to promote an idea.

<p>Biased presentation of information in order to promote an idea.</p>
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33

Patriotism

love of one's country

<p>love of one&apos;s country</p>
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34

Britain enters WWI

When Germany invaded France via Belgium

<p>When Germany invaded France via Belgium</p>
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35

African Colonies WWI

Allies invade German-controlled colonies and vice-versa.

<p>Allies invade German-controlled colonies and vice-versa.</p>
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36

Schliffen plan

German plan for quick defeat of France through Belgium

<p>German plan for quick defeat of France through Belgium</p>
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37

Odessa and Sevastopol

Russian ports in the Black Sea bombarded by the Ottoman Empire.

<p>Russian ports in the Black Sea bombarded by the Ottoman Empire.</p>
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38

HMS Dreadnought

Britain responded in 1906 by launching this, the most powerful warship in the world

<p>Britain responded in 1906 by launching this, the most powerful warship in the world</p>
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39

Caucasus mountains

A mountain system in southeastern Europe between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea where the Russian invaded the Ottoman Empire

<p>A mountain system in southeastern Europe between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea where the Russian invaded the Ottoman Empire</p>
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40

Falkland Islands

A group of islands in the southern Atlantic off the coast of Argentina where the Bristish sank German ships in 1914.

<p>A group of islands in the southern Atlantic off the coast of Argentina where the Bristish sank German ships in 1914.</p>
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41

Japan in WWI

Japan joined on the Allied side, with the guarantee of taking over German Pacific colonies.

<p>Japan joined on the Allied side, with the guarantee of taking over German Pacific colonies.</p>
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42

Italy in WWI

Part of Central Powers at the beginning later joined Allies because they promised them land from Austria-Hungary.

<p>Part of Central Powers at the beginning later joined Allies because they promised them land from Austria-Hungary.</p>
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43

Poland WWI

Was invaded by the Germans during the battles of Tannenberg and the Masurian lakes

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44

The South Pacific islands of Samoa and New Zealand

Were German colonies that surrendered to Australian and New Zealand's allied troops.

<p>Were German colonies that surrendered to Australian and New Zealand&apos;s allied troops.</p>
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45

The Russian army during WWI

Was very large but poorly supplied and led by untrained soldiers.

<p>Was very large but poorly supplied and led by untrained soldiers.</p>
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46

German army

Well equipped with trained soldiers and sophisticated military tactics.

<p>Well equipped with trained soldiers and sophisticated military tactics.</p>
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47

Battle of Tannenberg

This battle was a German victory against the Russian, the Russians were crushed as they sent uncoded messages and were easily defeated.

<p>This battle was a German victory against the Russian, the Russians were crushed as they sent uncoded messages and were easily defeated.</p>
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48

U-boats

The Germany weapon that would eventually help bring the United States in WWI

<p>The Germany weapon that would eventually help bring the United States in WWI</p>
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49

Heligoland Bight

First naval battle in WWI. The British sink 3 German cruisers.

<p>First naval battle in WWI. The British sink 3 German cruisers.</p>
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50

Plan XVII

French plan to invade Germany through Alsace-Lorraine

<p>French plan to invade Germany through Alsace-Lorraine</p>
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51

Battle of Ypres

The last major battle of WWI

<p>The last major battle of WWI</p>
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