chemistry- chapter 14 and 15

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arrhenius theory

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51 Terms

1

arrhenius theory

ACID that releases hydrogen ions (H+) and the BASE releases hydroxide (OH-)

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2

bronsted lowry theory

ACID donates a proton and BASE accepts a proton

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3

lewis theory

ACID accepts an electron pair and BASE donates an electron pair

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4

what are the characteristics that acid and bases have in common

react with each other to form salt and water, changes the color of an indicator and is an electrolyte

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5

what is unique to an acid

sour taste and reacts with metal to produce hydrogen gas

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6

what is unique to a base

bitter taste and slippery/slimy feel

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7

how do you name a binary acid

hydro-nonmetal-ic

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8

how do you name a ternary acid that has 1 more oxygen

per-nonmetal-ic

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9

how do you name a ternary acid that has a poly atomic ion that ends in “ate”

nonmetal-ic

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10

how do you name a ternary acid that has 1 less oxygen

nonmetal-ous

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11

how do you name a ternary acid that has 2 less oxygen

hypo-nonmetal-ous

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12

how do you name a base that ends in OH

metal-hydroxide

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13

what is the name of Ca(OH)2

calcium hydroxide

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14

what is a strong acid

an acid that ionizes completely in water

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15

what are the three strong binary acids

HCl, HBr, and HI

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16

how do you know if ternary acids are strong

if the number of oxygen minus the number of hydrogen is 2 or greater

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17

how do you know is a base is strong

if it is in group 1A and 2A on the periodic table

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18

conjugate acid

the base after it accepts a hydrogen ion

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19

conjugate base

the acid after it donates a hydrogen ion

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20

what is the equaition for Kw

(H3O+) x (OH-)= 1 x 10^ (-14)

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21

on the Ph scale what is an acid

0-7

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22

on the Ph scale what is a base

8-14

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23

what is Ph

-log(H3O+)

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24

what is the difference between titration and neutralization problems

in titration you get an answer after the mole to mole comparison before continuing but in neutralization you continue the problem without an answer

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25

what are you solving for in titration problems

molarity (M)

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26

what are you solving for in neutralization problems

volume (mL)

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27

what is an electrolyte

it conducts a current

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28

what is the hydrogen ion

H+

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29

what is the hydronium ion

H3O+

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30

what is the hydroxide ion

OH-

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31

what is a monoprotic acid

1 hydrogen

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32

what is a diprotic acid

2 hydrogens

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33

what is a triprotic acid

3 hydrogens

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34

how do you know what the acid is in an equation

the compound that donates a hydrogen ion

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35

how do you know what the base is in an equation

the compound that accepts a hydrogen ion

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36

what is the meaning of amphoteric

something that can be an acid or a base

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37

what is an example of amphoteric

water

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38

definition of salt

the positive metal cation from a base and a negative anion from an acid

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39

what is an indicator

something that changes color to indicate that the Ph has changed

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40

what is a standard solution

a solution where the concentration is known

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41

end point

when the solution has equal amounts so it makes it neutral and one drop of either concentrate will change the color of an indicator

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42

what is titration

the process of neutralizing a solution by adding base or acid or vice versa until they have completely reacted with eachother then use your measurements to find the concentration of the unknown

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43

hydrochloric acid

HCl

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44

acetic acid

CH3COOH

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45

carbonic acid

H2CO3

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46

phosphoric acid

H3PO4

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47

Sulfuric acid

H2SO4

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48

nitric acid

HNO3

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49

are strawberries mostly basic or acidic and what range of Ph are they

acidic (1-6)

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50

if the name of something is HXO where X represents a nonmetal, is it a base or an acid

acid

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51

if a solution consists of more hydroxide than hydronium what is it called

a base

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