Global Culture/Religion Quiz

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Culture

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28 Terms
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Culture

Everything that makes up a particular people's way of life

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Ethnocentrism

Judging another culture solely by the values and standards of one's own culture

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3
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Religion (type of culture)

Foundation of culture System of attitudes, beliefs, and practices relating to spiritual things Monotheism vs Polytheism

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Government (type of culture)

Process for making decisions

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Monarchy (type of government)

King/Queen make decisions based on wants/needs of people

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Democracy (type of government)

People elect representatives to make decisions on their behalf

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Autocracy (type of government)

Leader makes decisions with no consideration for wants or needs of people

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Economy (type of culture)

Method of allocating resources ex: capitalism, communism, socialism, etc.

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Social Structure (type of culture)

Main purpose is to organize society How families are organized How we interact with different groups of people based on what society tells us 2 main kinds of organization: nuclear (immediate family) and extended (extended family)

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Expression (type of culture)

The way cultures demonstrate communication and individuality ex: language, food, music, dance, etc.

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Discovery (how culture changes)

Addition of totally new info into a new culture (very rare)

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Invention (how culture changes)

Recombination of existing elements within a culture (common)

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Diffusion (how culture changes)

Minor change within a culture (extremely common)

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Extinction (how culture changes)

When traits leave a culture (fairly common)

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Subculture

Cultural group within a larger culture, often having beliefs or interests different with those of the larger culture

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Counterculture

Way of life and set of attitudes opposed to the prevailing social norm

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Indegenous

Original inhabitants of a particular place

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Religion

Unified system (general foundation) of spiritual beliefs and practices related to sacred (spiritual) things

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Components of Religion

Beliefs that some kind of supernatural or spiritual power exists Specific beliefs about these powers Rituals

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Intellectual (function of religion)

Explains the world around us Satisfies human curiosity Goes further than science can

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Psychological (function of religion)

Helps people cope with time of stress/trouble Explains why bad things happen Gives confidence in a more ultimate meaning to life

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Social (function of religion)

Gives morals, values, and rules Gives common identity as part of same group Solidarity (brings people together)

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Elements Religions Have in Common

Founder Deity (god) or deities Symbols Sacred Texts Rules Rituals Holidays Belief about life after death Belief about how to reach salvation

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Sacred

Worthy of religious respect ex: holy books, religious figures, religious sites, etc.

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Secular

Non-religious in nature ex: American public school system

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Theocracy

Government ruled by a god or religious leader ex: Iran, Vatican City

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Fundalmentalism

Strict literal interpretation and complete following of holy book/beliefs of a religion ex: taliban forcing all of society to follow their interpretation of Islam

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Blashpemy

The act of insulting or showing contempt or lack of reverence for god ex: images of Prophet Muhammad are blasphemous in Islam

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