AP Bio unit 1 Test

studied byStudied by 33 People

what is the difference between organic and inorganic molecules


Tags & Description


AP Biology

Studying Progress

New cards
Still learning
Almost Done
14 Terms

what is the difference between organic and inorganic molecules

organic contains carbon and inorganic does not

what are function groups

Hydroxyl, sulfhydryl, carbonyl, carboxyl, amino and phosphate groups.

Differentiate between dehydration synthesis and hydrolysis...give examples

Dehydration reactions assemble polymers, hydrolysis reactions break them apart. Hydrolysis is involved in the digestion of sucrose into its monomers of glucose and fructose

the function of the major polysaccharides

energy storage or structural support

the 3 elements found in carbohydrates and in was ratio

C6 carbon H12 hydrogen O6 oxygen

The covalent bond that links amino acids

peptide bond

The covalent bond that links monosaccharides

glycosidic bond

the function of each biomolecules

Carbohydrates- starch or glycogen (monosaccharides) Proteins- amino acids, break up into amino acids Lipids- fats, phospholipids, steroids Nucleic acids- nucleotides

difference between unsaturated and saturated fats .which is a fluid at room temp.

Their chemical structure contains one or more double bonds....Unsaturated fats are in liquid state at room temperature

characteristics of phospholipids, what part of the cell do they make up

Phospholipids contain hydrophobic and hydrophilic parts and found in cell membrane

structure of amino acids and their differences

they are in the R groups..they all have the same fundamental structure of each other but are on different sides

4 levels of protein structure & bonds found in each other

primary, secondary, tertiary, and quaternary.

describe how peptide bonds are formed

Hydrolysis of proteins results in amino acids. Different amino acids have different glycerol backbones or dehydration synthesis

2 differences between Dna and Rna

DNA- double-stranded RNA- single-stranded DNA- deoxyribose RNA- ribose