Compositional Devices

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Call and Response

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Tags and Description

Criterion 5 and 6

24 Terms

1

Call and Response

Consists of two distinct phrases, where the second phrase is heard as a response to the first phrase (call)

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2

Ostinato

A short melodic phrase repeated throughout a piece of music

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3

Rhythmic Ostinato

A short, constantly repeated rhythmic pattern

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4

Ground Bass

A kind of ostinato used particularly in music of the Baroque era. It is a bassline that is continually repeated throughout a composition.

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5

Riff

Riff is a kind of ostinato particularly used in jazz and rock music. It is short repeated rhythmic and/or melodic phrase

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6

Syncopation

A temporary displacement of a regular metrical accent where the accent shifts from a strong to a weak beat

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7

Polytonality

The use of more than one key simultaneously

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8

Whole Tone Tonality

A piece using the whole tone scale

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9

Modulation

A key change within a piece

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10

Improvisation

Music that is created ‘on-the-spot’, without preparation

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11

Chromaticism

The use of accidental notes outside the prevailing diatonic key

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12

Imitation

The restatement in succession of identical musical material in two or more parts

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13

Drone

A continuous unchanged note or set of notes that do not contribute to the harmonic development of the piece

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14

Pedal Point

Sustained (often bass) note that supports the harmonic movement of the music by creating tension and resolution. Pedal notes can vary in length.

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15

Ornamentation

Where the melody is embellished (or decorated) with ornaments; such as trills, mordents, turns, grace notes, glissandi, slide, pitch bends, drop notes, scoops, flams

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16

Meter Change

Where the meter (time signature) changes within the piece

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17

Polyrhythm

The simultaneous combination of contrasting rhythms, where the notes of one rhythm are not divisible by the notes of the other.

<p>The simultaneous combination of contrasting rhythms, where the notes of one rhythm are not divisible by the notes of the other.</p>
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18

Irregular Time Signature

A time signature that does not conform to either a duple, triple, or quadruple meter. Examples include time signatures representing five or seven beats in the bar

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19

Tempo Change

An ongoing change in the speed of a beat often occurs at the commencement of a new section of music.

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20

Augmentation

The restatement of a theme where the notes are of a longer duration

<p>The restatement of  a theme where the notes are of a longer duration</p>
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21

Diminution

The restatement of a theme where the notes are of a shorter duration

<p>The restatement of a theme where the notes are of a shorter duration</p>
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22

Inversion

Where the intervals of an original musical motif are reversed

<p>Where the intervals of an original musical motif are reversed</p>
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23

Sequence

The immediate restatement of a motif at a higher or lower pitch in the same voice

<p>The immediate restatement of a motif at a higher or lower pitch in the same voice</p>
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24

Retrograde

Where a musical theme (or motif) is played backwards

<p>Where a musical theme (or motif) is played backwards</p>
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