Latitude & Longitude ES22-23

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Coordinate/ Latitude & Longitude System

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Coordinate/ Latitude & Longitude System

2 numbers are assigned to a specific point on a surface Grid of circular lines that cover Earth Often shown as a grid

<p>2 numbers are assigned to a specific point on a surface Grid of circular lines that cover Earth <em>Often shown as a grid</em></p>
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Coordinate/ Latitude & Longitude System image

image

<p>image</p>
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Latitude

a measurement of angular distance north or south of the equator

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Lines of Latitude are ___

horizontal (think FATitude)

<p>horizontal (think FATitude)</p>
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latitude lines run - and circle around the earth parallel to the ____

east, west, equator

<p>east, west, equator</p>
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Equator

reference lines for latitude, located at 0°

<p>reference lines for latitude, located at 0°</p>
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north pole is located at...

90°N

<p>90°N</p>
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south pole is located at...

90°S

<p>90°S</p>
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altitude of Polaris is the same as..

latitude in the Northern Hemisphere

<p>latitude in the Northern Hemisphere</p>
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can the Southern Hemisphere see the North Star?

naur

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north star=

polaris

<p>polaris</p>
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significant lines of Latitude

Equator

<p>Equator</p>
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Latitude degrees go up to...

90°

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significance of Latitude

tells altitude of Polaris (Northern Hemisphere) & generally how cold/hot (proximity to equator)

<p>tells altitude of Polaris (Northern Hemisphere) &amp; generally how cold/hot (proximity to equator)</p>
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Longitude

a measurement of angular distance east or west of the Prime Meridian connect at the poles

<p>a measurement of angular distance east or west of the Prime Meridian connect at the poles</p>
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Meridians of longitude are __ and connect the ___ and ___ poles

vertical, north, south (think LONG)

<p>vertical, north, south (think LONG)</p>
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international dateline

line at 180°, you lose or gain a day when you pass it

<p>line at 180°, you lose or gain a day when you pass it</p>
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going west =

subtracting

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going east =

adding (think of EAsTing adds weight)

<p>adding (think of EAsTing adds weight)</p>
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tropic of cancer

23° N

<p>23° N</p>
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tropic of Capricorn

23°S

<p>23°S</p>
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Prime Meridian

reference line for Longitude, is 0° (Greenwich, England)

<p>reference line for Longitude, is 0° (Greenwich, England)</p>
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longitude goes up to... degrees

180

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time zones

regions of the globe throughout the Earth which the same standard time is used

<p>regions of the globe throughout the Earth which the same standard time is used</p>
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local noon/solar noon/ midday

12 pm (when the sun is highest in the sky)

<p>12 pm (when the sun is highest in the sky)</p>
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how many time zones are there?

24 (360°/15=24)

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the earth rotates ___° per hour

15

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sunset

6 pm

<p>6 pm</p>
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sunrise

6 am

<p>6 am</p>
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significant lines of longitude

Prime Meridian & International Dateline

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significance of Longitude

tells the time

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knowing the local time and the time at the Prime Meridian tells the..

longitude

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longitude & latitude can be divided into __ and __

minutes and seconds

<p>minutes and seconds</p>
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New York's latitude will always be in the __ range and always __

40s, North

<p>40s, North</p>
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New York's longitude will always be in the __ range and always __

70s, West

<p>70s, West</p>
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why are time zone lines not straight?

because of populated areas

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Order that a point on the coordinate system is written

Latitude°Minutes'Seconds", Longitude°Minutes'Seconds"

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solar time

time measured by Earth's rotation relative to the Sun

<p>time measured by Earth&apos;s rotation relative to the Sun</p>
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knowing your longitude and the time at the Prime Meridian tells the..

local time

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right=

east

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left=

west

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Never Eat Soggy Waffles

clockwise order of a compass rose

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Polaris is overhead at the..

North Pole

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Polaris is horizontal at the...

Equator

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earth's revolution takes...

365 days

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earth's rotation takes...

24 hours

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image of how to find polaris' altitude

...

<p>...</p>
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image of how to find polaris' altitude

...

<p>...</p>
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in order to look for polaris, you need to look...

north

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