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Spiritual Self

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FINAL TERM

119 Terms

1

Spiritual Self

  • one of the three sections of self according to WILLIAM JAMES

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2

Spiritual Self

  • It is the most intimate, inner subjective part of the self. (GREEN, 1997)

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3

Spiritual Self

  • It is the most intimate version of the self because of the satisfaction experience when one thinks one's ability to argue and discriminate, of one's moral sensibility and conscience of our unconquerable will is more pure than all other sentiments of satisfaction. (GREEN, 1997)

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4

Religion

A set of cultural beliefs an practices that usually includes some or all of basic characteristics. (REBECCA STEIN, 2011)

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5

Spiritual Self

The choice of religious belief lies within the ____________.

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6

Ritual (PENNER, 2017)

It is the performance of ceremonial acts prescribed by a tradition or sacred law. (PENNER, 2017)

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7

Ritual

It is a specific, observable mode of behavior exhibited by all known societies. Thus, it is possible to view ritual as a wat of defining or describing humans.

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8
  1. a feeling or emotion of respect, awe, fascination, or dread in relation to the sacred.

  2. dependence upon a belief system that is usually expressed in the language of myth and;

  3. is symbolic in relation to its reference

3 Fundamental Characteristics of Ritual (PENNER, 2017)

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9

1.BUDDHISM 2. CHRISTIANITY 3. HINDUISM 4. ISLAM 5. JUDAISM

Major World Religions

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10

Buddhism

  • It teaches that life is unsatisfactory.

  • When experience is unsatisfying, we tend to crave pleasant experiences and avoid disappointing ones.

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11

1 ethics 2 meditation 3 wisdom

The Buddha taught that way to break this cycle is to practice (1)__________ and (2), and to cultivate (3) which is a deep understanding and acceptance of things they are.

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12
  1. SAMATHA

  2. VIPASSANA

Meditation practices can be divided into two:

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13

Samatha

  • practices develop calm, concentration, and positive emotion

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14

Vipassana

  • practices aim at developing insight into reality

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15

Dharma, the Buddha's teaching

Developing and cultivating wisdom happens through studying and reflecting the _______________.

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16

February: PARINIRVANA DAY May: BUDDHA DAY (Wesak) July: DHARMA DAY October: PADMASAMBHAVA DAY November: SANGHA DAY

Important Events of Buddhists

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17

Hinduism

The term "__________ " was coined as recently as the 19th century to cover a wide range of ancient creeds, textual traditions, and religious groups.

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18

Hinduism

  • is best understood as a complete way of life, a path of sanctification and discipline that leads to a higher level of consciousness.

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19

Vedas

Hindus revere a body of texts as a sacred scriptures known as the __________ .

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20
  1. DIWALI

  2. NAVRATI

The main festivals celebrated by Hindus:

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21

Diwali

The Festival of Lights

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22

Navrati

  • nine nights which celebrate the triumph of good over evil.

  • this takes place TWICE A YEAR

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23

Islam

It is an Arabic word which means willing submission to God.

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24

Allah

It is an Arabic word which means one God.

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25

peace

The root of the word Islam comes from a word meaning __________ and Muslim believe it is the way of peace laid down in the Quran.

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  1. SHAHADA

  2. SALAT

  3. ZAKAT

  4. HAJJ

  5. SAWN

5 pillars that represent the foundation of Islamic worship and practice:

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27

Eid ul-Fitr

The end of Ramadan marks the beginning of the festival of ___________.

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28

Eid ul-Adha

  • coincides with the completion of the Hajj and unites the whole Islamic community

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29

study and interpretation of the Torah

  • is an integral part of Jewish life

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30

Semitic Tribe

The Jewish people believe to be descended from a _____________.

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(1) Canaan (2) Middle East

Semitic tribe is originated in the land of (1)____________ in the (2)____________

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32
  1. The New Year (Rosh Hashanah)

  2. The Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur)

  3. The Passover (Pesach)

  4. Pentecost (Shavuot)

  5. Tabernacles (Sukkot)

The five festivals on which observant Jews are forbidden to work:

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33

ROSH HASHANAH

_____________ or The New Year Day: falls in the autumn

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YOM KIPPUR

_____________ or The Day of Atonement: the most solemn day of the year

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35
  1. Passover : PESACH

  2. Pentecost: SHAVUOT

  3. Tabernacles: SUKKOT

3 Pilgrim Festivals in Jews

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36

PESACH

_____________ or Passover occurs during spring

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37

SHAVUOT

_____________ or Pentecost occurs seven weeks later after the spring

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38

SUKKOT

_____________ or Tabernacles takes place in the autumn

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39

Dr. Viktor E. Frankl

Another extensive study of self can be found in the works of __________________________.

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40

Logotherapy

Viktor E. Frankl validate a revolutionary approach to psychotherapy known as _____________.

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41

Third Viennese School of Psychotherapy

Logotherapy has become known as the "__________________________" after that of SIGMUND FREUD & ALFRED ADLER.

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42
  1. By creating a work or doing a deed

  2. By experiencing something or encountering someone

  3. By the attitude we take toward unavailable suffering

According to logotherapy, meaning can be discovered in three ways:

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43
  1. Purposeful work

  2. Courage in the face of difficulty

  3. Love

Frankl's Sources of Meaning

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44

BODY, MIND, AND SPIRIT

The human entity is consist of _____________, _____________, and _____________.

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Logotherapy Assumptions

All psychotherapies make philosophical assumptions about human person that cannot be proved with certainty.

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46
  1. People have a will to meaning

  2. People have freedom under all circumstances to activate will to find meaning

  3. Life has a demand quality to which people must respond if decisions are to be meaningful

Life has meaning under all circumstances, even the most miserable.

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47

Online Identity

  • It is a social identity that an Internet user establishes in online communities and websites.

  • It can also be considered as an actively constructed presentation of oneself.

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48

Self-Presentation

  • is the process of controlling how one is perceived by other people.

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49

Goffman, E. (1959) and Leary, M. R. (1995)

According to _____________ and _____________, self-presentation is the process of controlling how one is perceived by other people.

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50

Selective Self-Presentation

  • is the process of creating a digital artefact which is carefully chosen representation or expression of one's real world self.

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51

Selective Self-Presentation

  • explains why our behavior can change if we are being watched or observed.

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52

Impression Management

It is a conscious or subconscious process in which people attempt to influence the perceptions of other people about a person, object, or event. It is applied at first in face-to-face communication or interaction, but today it's also applied in computer-mediated communication.

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53

DR. TIM BONO, author of When Likes Aren’t Enough

"When we derive a sense of worth based on how we are doing relative to others, we place our happiness in a variable that is completely beyond our control." It was explained by ______________.

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54
  1. Watch your thoughts

  2. Speak to others about the way you are feeling

  3. Focus on what you have

WAYS TO COMBAT SOCIAL MEDIA DEPRESSION

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55

BELK (2013)

_______________ explained that sharing ourselves is no longer new and has been practiced as soon as human beings were formed but digital devices help us share more information broadly, than ever before.

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56

oversharing

Facebook and other social media applications are now a key part of self-presentation for one-sixth of humanity. As a result, researchers and participants become concerned with actively managing identity and reputation and warning against the phenomenon of _____________.

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57
  1. Stick to safer sites

  2. Guard your passwords

  3. Limit what you share

  4. Remember that anything you put online or post on a site is there forever, even if you try to delete it.

  5. Do not be mean or embarrass other people online.

  6. Always tell if you see strange or bad online behavior.

  7. Be choosy about your online friends.

  8. Be patient.

Additional guidelines for the proper sharing of information and ethical use of the internet (NEW, 2014)

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58

Citizenship

  • is the legal status of being of a country and social conduct that refers to the duties and responsibilities that come with being a member of a community.

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59

Identity

  • is what identifies somebody or something, this could be the name or essential self or the set of characteristics that somebody recognizes as belonging uniquely to himself or herself and constitutes his or her individual personality for life.

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60

Identity

  • refers to the sameness, the fact, or the condition of being the same or exactly alike.

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61

Citizenship

  • is seen as the most fundamental aspect of a nation, as such, it is concerned with the country and articulation of its decrees, dogma, and by-laws. In short, it is a sense of national identity and belongingness.

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62
  1. Loyalty

  2. Obedience and Law Abiding

  3. Honesty

  4. Assertiveness

  5. Carrying out Advocacy

  6. Environment Stewardship

  7. Gender Sensitivity

Qualities of a Filipino Citizen and Identity

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63

Identity Construction

  • is also formed through institutional factors, which is the interplay of community organizations that come into the life of any Filipino citizen in one’s lifetime from womb to tomb. These may be in form of a church, government organization, non-government people’s organizations, or social media and which may influence one’s Filipino identity and citizenship.

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64

"cognitive and motivational basis for the elaboration of beliefs and behaviors"

The construction of community identity and values from the psychosocial perspective that the individual’s claim to citizenship may mean that persons relate themselves to a group of others who also see themselves as a citizen served as a _____________________________________. (MARCH & OLSEN, 1995)

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65

Democracy

  • is the free and equal representation of people and the right of every person to participate in the government by electing their representatives by majority and popular casting of votes

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66

Jimmy Carter Speech to parliament of India June 2, 1978

“Democracy is like the experience of life itself – always changing, infinite in its variety, sometimes turbulent and all the more valuable for having been tested for adversity”

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67

Democratic Nation

  • is a country that has elected government freely and equally by all its members, whereby decisions are made based on the participatory principle of good governance.

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68

Demos

A Greek word which means the "people".

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69

Kratein

A Greek word which means "rule"

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70

March & Olsen shortened description of DEMOCRACY

  • "the commitment to individual freedom and the person’s obligation to utilize such freedom, the idea of national sovereignty and political equality, the necessity of a legal system to ensure stability and protection from arbitrary acts and decisions, and lastly the belief in the power of human rationality, in particular and decisions and choice,” (DIOKNO, 2012).

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71

Filipinos must know how democracy really works

Lessens the country’s problems as they will become responsible and enthusiastic as well

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72

Government officials and the public need to help each other

Many heads are better than one

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73

Self-help at the barangay level

Encourages initiatives and wide – ranged decision making

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74

Many centers of power

Prevents power from being concentrated in a small group to the exclusion of the majority

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75

Affirmation of civil rights

They have the right to choose as well as to have freedom of speech and assembly

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76

Emphasis on economic rights and social responsibility

Gives the right to vote and gives the privileges to gain all things we worked for

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77

Address poverty calls

Equality reasons and knows how to share

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78

Stop corruption

It might help if the salaries of NGOs and private organization (POs) are increased; Financial literacy empowerment

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79

No more partimonialism

By being a researcher, it allows discovery of new and better leader for the future; Have your criteria in selecting government officials

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80

Personalism

Knows the majority majority-win-rule and applies it in lives

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81

Improve quality education in the country

Education is the key to innovation and critical thinking

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82

Log control

Floods affect sources of income and has a domino effect on our economy

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83

Leaders should be honest enough

To be able to serve the country

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84

Equality of rich and poor in terms of rights

Equal democratic right and should not be based on the standards or social way of living

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85

Economic and political powers need to be dispersed

No one individual or group exerts undue influence over the decision of others

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86

Metacognition

  • is commonly defined as thinking about thinking. It is the awareness of the scope and limitations of your content knowledge and skills.

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87

Metacognition

  • enables the person to adapt their existing knowledge and skills to approach a learning task, seeking for the optimum result of the learning.

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88

Metacognition

  • is also not limited to the thinking process of the individual. It also includes keeping one’s emotions and motivations while learning in check.

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89

(1) Self-Appraisal (2) Self-Management

Metacognition basically has two aspects:

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90

Self-Appraisal

  • is your personal reflection on your knowledge and capabilities.

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Self Management

  • is the mental process you employ using what you have in planning and adapting to successfully learn or accomplish a certain task.

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92

metacognitive knowledgemetacognition regulation

elements of metacognition

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93
  1. personal variable

  2. task variable

  3. strategy variable

Variables that affect how you know or assess yourself as a thinker under metacognitive knowledge

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94

Personal Variable

  • is your evaluation of your strengths and weaknesses in learning.

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95

Task Variable

  • is what you know or what you think about the nature of the task, as well as what strategies the task requires.

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Strategy Variable

  • refers to what strategies or skills you already have in dealing with certain tasks.

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97
  1. Knowing your limits

  2. Modifying your approach

  3. Skimming

  4. Rehearsing

  5. Self-test

Skills that can help in exercising metacognition

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metacognitive knowledge

  • what you know about how you think

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metacognition regulation

  • how you adjust your thinking processes to help you learn better

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  1. tacit learners

  2. aware learners

  3. strategic learners

  4. reflective learners

four types of metacognitive learners

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