Pharm T3 (Antidiarrheals & Laxatives 2)

studied byStudied by 58 people
5.0(1)
get a hint
hint

Abnormal passage of stools with increased frequency, fludity, and weight, or with increase stool water excretion. 3 or more loose liquid stools per day.

1 / 30

encourage image

There's no tags or description

Looks like no one added any tags here yet for you.

31 Terms

1

Abnormal passage of stools with increased frequency, fludity, and weight, or with increase stool water excretion. 3 or more loose liquid stools per day.

What is diarrhea?

New cards
2

-Sudden onset

-Lasts 3 days to 2 weeks

-Self-limiting

-Resoleves without sequelae

acute diarrhea

New cards
3

-Lasts for more than 3-4weeks

-Recurring passage of diarrheal stools, fever, loss of appetite, nausea, vomitting, weight loss & chronic weakness.

chronic diarrhea

New cards
4

-Adsorbents

-Antimotility drugs (Anticholinergics and opiates)

-Probiotic (intestinal flora modifiers and bacterial replacement

The classifications of the 3 antidiarrheals?

New cards
5

-Coat the walls of the GI tract

-Bind to the causative bacteria or toxin, which is eliminated through the stool. ex: bismuth subsalicylate (Peptic-Bismol) activated charcoal

What do absorbents do?

New cards
6

used with caution in children and adolescents who have or are recovering from chicken pox or influenza because of the risk of Reye’s syndrome.

What must we be cautious with regarding bismuth subsalicylate?

New cards
7

Warfarin sodium, aspirin, or other non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

What medication does bismuth subsalicylate interact with?

New cards
8

-Decreases bowel motility

-Decrease transmit time through the bowel, allowing more time for water and electrolytes to be absorbed.

What do antimotility drugs do?

New cards
9

-Opiates: decrease bowel motility and reduces pain.

-Anticholinergic: decrease muscle tone and peristalsis, have a drying effect, reduce gastric secretion

What are the two drug classifications in antimotility drugs?

New cards
10

headache, pruritus, heart failure, xerostomia, diabetes mellitus, and osteoporosis.

What are adverse effects of anticholinergic drugs?

New cards
11

Reduces pain associated with diarrhea by relief of rectal spasms.

Why are opiates used for antidiarrheal?

New cards
12

-Loperamide (Imodium)

-Lomotil (diphenoxylate/atropine)

What's an example of an antimotility drug (know the 2).

New cards
13

there isn't enough in it to get addicted. If abused they will experience urine retention, dry mouth, and dry eyes.

Why doesn't a patient get addicted to the opiates within these drugs? What happens if they try to abuse them?

New cards
14

suppress the growth of diarrhea & Re-establish the normal flora.

What are probiotics used for?

New cards
15

Lactobacillus

What is the most common probiotic organism?

New cards
16

Used to treat constipations, moving bowels regularly, and soften stool

What are laxatives used for?

New cards
17
  • Bulk forming

  • Emollient

  • Hyperosmotic

  • Saline

  • Stimulant

the five types of laxatives?

New cards
18

acute and chronic constipation, irritable bowel syndrome and diverticulosis

What are bulk-forming laxatives used for?

New cards
19

240 mls of water or package directions to avoid a esophageal obstruction or blockage

What MUST bulk-forming laxatives be taken with and why?

New cards
20

Methylcellulose & Psyllium hydrophilic mucilloid (Metamucil)

What are two examples of bulk-forming laxatives?

New cards
21

240mls to avoid fecal impaction & to work properly

How much water should the nurse mix bulk-forming laxatives with and why do we do this?

New cards
22

acute or chronic constipation, fecal impaction, facilitation of bowel movements in anorectal conditions.

What are emollient laxatives used for and what do they do?

New cards
23

-Stool softeners: Docusate salts (colace)

-Lubricants: mineral oil

What are two examples of emollient laxatives?

New cards
24

Increase fecal water content, results in bowel distension, increased peristalsis and evacuation

what do hyperosmotic laxatives do

New cards
25

Chronic constipation, diagnostic and surgical procedures

What are hyperosmotic laxatives used for?

New cards
26

-Polyethylene glycol

-Glycerin

-Lactulose

What are the 3 hyperosmotic laxatives?

New cards
27

Constipation, diagnostic and surgical procedures.

What are saline laxatives used for?

New cards
28

Acute constipation, diagnostic and surgical procedures

What are stimulant laxatives used for?

New cards
29

Stimulant class

What type of laxatives are most likely to cause dependence?

New cards
30

Patients experiencing nausea and vomiting and abdominal pain.

What type of patient should not take a laxative?

New cards
31

Polyethylene glycol (PEG 3350)

What drug do we use for total cleansing of the bowel?

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 19 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 13 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 7 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 58 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 67 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
note Note
studied byStudied by 8300 people
Updated ... ago
4.6 Stars(46)
note Note
studied byStudied by 50 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard37 terms
studied byStudied by 32 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard100 terms
studied byStudied by 7 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard93 terms
studied byStudied by 7 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard71 terms
studied byStudied by 50 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard42 terms
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
4.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard33 terms
studied byStudied by 8 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard85 terms
studied byStudied by 7 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard55 terms
studied byStudied by 242 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(10)