HISTORY EXAM 3 LECTURE 11

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dates of WW2

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1

dates of WW2

1939-1945

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2

when did WW2 end in EUROPE

May 8,1945

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3

Operation Barborosa (date and what happened)

June 22,1941

Nazi Germany invaded Soviet Union breaking the Nazi Soviet Pact

Soviet Union became allies with GB and the US to defeat Nazis

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4

Pearl harbor (date and what happened)

December 7,1941

Japanese attack on the US

US declared war on japan

Nazi Germany declared war on US, brought US into WW2

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5

V.J Day

victory over japan day

September 2, 1945

japan surrendered after US dropped 2 atomic bombs on them

marks end of WW2

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6

who were the winners of WW2

US, GB, Soviet Union (grand alliance)

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7

who was the leader of GB at the end of WW2

winston churchill

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8

who was the leader of soviet union at the end of WW2

Joseph Stalin

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9

who was the leader of US at the end of WW2

franklin roosevelt

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10

5 meetings to decide WW2 peace terms

newfoundland meeting

teheran meeting

moscow meeting

yalta meeting

potsdam meeting

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11

Newfoundland meeting important parts

august 1941

stalin did not attend

created atlantic charter

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12

what did the atlantic charter say

free trade and free enterprise

all countries have the right to self determination

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13

teheran meeting important parts

took place in teheran present day iran

december 1943

all 3 leaders attended

demilitarized germany

shifted borders of poland to the west

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14

moscow meeting important parts

took place in moscow (capital of soviet union)

october 1944

percentages agreement

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15

what was the percentages agreement

called the naughty document

leaders of 3 powers divided central europe between themselves

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16

precentage agreement percentages

  1. romania: 90 SU 10 US GB

  2. greece: 10 SU 90 US GB

  3. yugoslavia: 50 SU 50 US GB

  4. hungary: 50 SU 50 US GB

  5. bulgaria: 75 SU 15 US GB

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17

yalta meeting important parts

took place in soviet territory

february 1945

confirmed all prior arrangements

divided germany into 4 zones

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18

4 zones of germany decided in the yalta meeting

US

GB

SU

France

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19

potsdam meeting important parts

took place in potsdam (outside of germany

july 1945

stalin, churchill, harry truman

divison of germany went into effect

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20

what happened as a result of the divison of germany

germany was carved into 2 rival states west and east germany

europe was divided into 2 spheres of influence

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21

what was the border between the two states of germany called

the iron curtain

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22

what were the two spheres of influence

western germany = US sphere

eastern germany= SU sphere

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23

differences between west and east germany

west= federal republic of germany

  • 3 democratic powers

  • multi party rule and free enterprise

east= germany democratic republic

  • single party rule

  • command economy

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24

berlin wall

built in 1961

prevented east germans from escaping from soviet sphere of influence

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25

what day marks the end of the cold war

nov 9,1989

berlin wall was torn down

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26

cold war dates

1945-1989

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27

characteristics of the US side of cold war

  • democracy

  • free enterprise, capitalism, little gov interference

  • nuclear weapons

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28

characteristics of the soviet union side of cold war

  • authoritarian single party rule

  • command economy

  • nuclear weapons

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29

where was the greatest concentration of nuclear weapons

europe

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30

what does cold war mean

no active military engagement

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31

hot wars that occured during the cold war era

korean war

vietnam war

soviet-afghan war

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32

three characteristics of democracy

universal adult suffrage

parliament

multi party rule

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