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Psychology & Personality
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A person's unique long-term patter of thinking, emotions, and behavior. (Consistency on who you are, have been and will become)
The person has been evaluated not described
Hereditary aspects of your personality (Sensitivity, Irritability, etc.)
Stable qualities thst a person shows in most situations.
Study of inherited behavioral traits
People who have several traits in common
Who proposed people were Either introverts or extroverts?
The mental "picture" you have of your own personality
Based on an accurate appraisal of your strengths and weaknesses (Positive self-evaluation that is bestowed too easily may not be healthy)
System of concepts, assumptions, ideas, and principles proposed to explain personality
Attempt to learn what traits makeup for personality and how they relate to actual behavior.
Focus on the inner workings of personality, especially internal conflicts and struggles
Behavioristic and social learning theories
Place importance on the external environment and on the effects of conditioning and learning.
Stress private, subjective experience, and personal growth
Current dominant method for studying personality
Objectives of trait theory
Predicting behavior, describing people
Knowing how you rate on a single dimension would allow us to predict behavior in a variety of settings
Analyze, classify, and interrelate traits
Characteristics shared by most members of a culture
Describe a person's unique qualities
Basic traits that all of a person's activities can be traced to the trait
Basic building blocks of personality
Superficial personal qualities
Visible features of personality
Traits clustered together, deeper characteristics. The core of each individual's personality.
(Cattell) Factor analysis
A statistical technique used to correlate multiple measurements and identify general underlying factors
Source traits are measured by
the Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16 PF)
System that identifies the five most basic dimensions of personality.
External circumstances influence the expression of a personality trait
Actions are based on hidden, or unconscious, thoughts, needs, and emotions
Freud's personality model is composed by
The id, the ego, and the superego
Innate biological instincts and urges, operates on the pleasure principle
Energy for the entire psyche, or personality
System of thinking, planning, problem solving, and deciding. Conscious control of the persionality and often delays action.
Judge or censor for the thoughts and actions of the ego.
Reflects actions for which a person has been punished
Reflects all behavior one's parents approved of or rewarded. Source of goals and aspirations.
Impulses from the id when the ego can barely keep them under control
Threats of punishment from the superego
Mental processes that deny, distort, or otherwise block out sources of threat and anxiety
Holds repressed memories and emotions, plus the instinctual drives of the id
Contains material that can be easily brought to awareness
Everything you are aware of at a given moment including thoughts, perceptions, feelings, and memories
According to Freud the core of personality is formed
before age 6 in a series of psychosexual stages
Area capable of producing pleasure