Unit 1 Study Guide for Strit

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Define absolutism

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Define absolutism

a system of government in which a ruler has complete authority over the government and the lives of the people he or she governs

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List the 4 characteristics of an Absolute monarch

  1. Centralized government

  2. Hereditary Monarchy

  3. Military Power

  4. and Divine Rights of Kings

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What is a Centralized Government

A centralized government is when power of government is put into the hands of one person who is claimed the monarch

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How does power pass to a new ruler in a Hereditary monarchy?

Power passes to to the first male born after a king dies.

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What did absolute monarchs use their militaries to accomplish?

They used their militaries to accomplish conquest and to protect their throne

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Define "Divine Right"

the belief that a ruler's authority comes directly from God.

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Why did Louis XIV need religious uniformity in France?

He wanted religious uniformity so no one could take his power away from him or cause a rebellion against him.

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Define Protestant

any Christianity that isn't catholic or orthodox

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How did Louis XIV use the Palace of Versailles to increase his power?

-demonstrating his massive amount of wealth

  • and to keep a close eye on important royals or members of the French society - also used the palace to distract guests with parties and festivals

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Identify 3 successes of Louis XIV

  1. strengthening royal power

  2. making the French army the strongest force of Europe

  3. changing French culture, manners, and customs to European structures

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Identify 3 failures of Louis XIV

  1. Spending too much money on expensive wars

  2. Causing the Huguenots to flee France from persecution which hurt the French economy

  3. and having a policy of heavy taxation that created a long-lasting anger towards the French Throne.

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Why was Russia behind Western Europe?

It was behind Western Europe because it was isolated from the rest of Europe, and had no cultural diffusion to expand its country

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Define "Westernization"

the adoption of all practices and culture of Western European by societies and countries in other parts of the world, whether through force or influence.

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Define "Warm water port"

port that does not freeze and stays open all year

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What did Peter the Great do to Westernize and modernize Russia?

  • made nobility dress and act like Western Europeans

  • had Western European languages taught throughout Russia

  • introduced new ideas, technology, weapons for the military

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Identify 3 successes of Peter the Great

  1. expanded Russian territory

  2. increased the power of the Czar, weakening power of the Russian nobles

  3. Westernized and modernized Russia

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Identify 3 failures of Peter the great

  1. didn't acquire his warm-water port

  2. spent a lot of money on expensive wars

  3. oppressed the common people of Russian Empire in order to achieve his goals

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Define Constitution

a document explaining the system of fundamental principles according to which a nation, states, or corporation is governed.

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What are some differences between the Tudor Family and Stuart Family?

The Tudors:

  • Protestants

  • had a good relationship with Parliament and valued them

The Stuarts:

  • Catholics

  • caused A civil war with Parliament and didn't support them

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Describe the Glorious Revolution

The moment in which England becomes a limited monarchy

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What are 3 rules listed in the English Bill of Rights?

  • Freedom of Speech

  • Parliament controls the laws, taxes, and the courts

  • Parliament must be freely elected

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Define "Limited Monarchy"

a government in which a constitution or legislative body limits the monarch's power

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