World History

studied byStudied by 13 people
5.0(3)
get a hint
hint

What were the causes of the Russian Revolution of March 1917?

1 / 74

encourage image

There's no tags or description

Looks like no one added any tags here yet for you.

75 Terms

1

What were the causes of the Russian Revolution of March 1917?

Discontentment of peasants, cost of WW1, and shortages of food and fuel

New cards
2

How did Lenin adapt Marxist ideas to Russian society and government?

Used an elite group to lead the revolution

New cards
3

What are the reasons for the fall of Kerensky’s government?

Economic collapse and widespread discontent

New cards
4

How did Lenin and Trotsky use brutality and terror to win the Russian Civil War?

By executing political opponents and dissenters

New cards
5

What capitalist measures did Lenin incorporate into his New Economic Policy?

Introduction of limited free-market activites

New cards
6

How did the actions of Tsar Nicholas II and his wife lead to revolution in Russia?

By their perceived extravagance and detachment from the needs of the people

New cards
7

Where did the Industrial Revolution begin?

England

New cards
8

What were cottage industries?

Handcrafting goods in rural homes

New cards
9

Which industry was the first to industrialize?

Textile

New cards
10

What is textile?

A type of cloth

New cards
11

What natural resources were needed for industry in England

Coal, iron ore, and rivers

New cards
12

What was the Enclosure Movement?

A movement for land consolidation by wealthy landowners

New cards
13

What characterized England’s government/economy in the 1700s?

Developed banking system, trade, and wealth

New cards
14

What is imperialism?

A policy or practice of taking control of another country

New cards
15

What is the main result of the Berlin Conference of 1884-1885?

Intensified imperial competetion in Africa

New cards
16

What resource did King Leopold want to obtain from the Congo?

Rubber

New cards
17

What is considered the final and crucial tool of empire?

Quinine

New cards
18

What did colonizing lands often call the natives?

Savages

New cards
19

What is the White Man’s Burden?

A belief in racial superiority

New cards
20

What did imperialism in Asia result in?

Exploitation of resources, colonization, and cultural domination by European powers

New cards
21

What did expansion often entail?

Taking away the rights of others

New cards
22

What were specific products Europeans wanted to import from China?

Silk and tea

New cards
23

What did imperialism in India lead to?

Economic independence and prosperity for India

New cards
24

What did the saying “The Sun never set on the British Empire” imply?

British dominance over the world

New cards
25

What is a disease caused by parasites carried by mosquitoes?

Malaria

New cards
26

What was the transportation of slaves from Africa to the Americas?

The Trans-Atlantic slave trade

New cards
27

What is the policy or practice of taking control of another country?

Imperialism

New cards
28

What was an English invention that filled several spindles with thread at once?

Spinning Jenny

New cards
29

What is the word for work performed by laborers against their will?

Forced labor

New cards
30

What replaced the handloom during the Industrial Revolution?

Power loom

New cards
31

What is the idea that a colonizing country must actually be established in a country before it considered their colony?

Rule of Occupation

New cards
32

What is the working class, especially those who lack capital and must sell their labor to survive?

Proletariat

New cards
33

What was the term for Russian elected council representing workers, soldiers, and peasants?

Soviet

New cards
34

What is the secret police organization known for its brutal tactics?

Cheka

New cards
35

What is a “commissar” in the context of Soviet history?

A military leader appointed to oversee political loyalty within the armed forces

New cards
36

Who was the leader of the Bolshevik Party and the first head of the Soviet state?

Lenin

New cards
37

What triggered the start of WW1?

The assissination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary

New cards
38

What is meant by the phrase “In 1900 Europeans believed the world was their oyster”?

Europeans believed they could dominate and exploit other parts of the world

New cards
39

What is a state of equlilbruim in which no single country or group of countries is overwhelmingly dominant?

Balance of Power

New cards
40

What is an agreement between two or more governments?

Entente

New cards
41

What countries made up the Triple Alliance?

Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy

New cards
42

What countries made up the Triple Entente?

Britain, France, and Russia

New cards
43

Which nation spent the greatest percent of money on its navy?

Britian

New cards
44

How do colonies help a mother country economically?

By providing a market for manufactured goods, supplying raw materials, and serving as a source of cheap labor

New cards
45

How do colonies help a mother country militarily?

By providing soldiers for the mother county’s army, offering strategic naval bases and military outposts, and financing military campaigns

New cards
46

What country joined the war in 1917?

U.S.

New cards
47

What is love and devotion for one’s own country based on a shared history and culture?

Nationalism

New cards
48

What is a policy of extending a country’s power and influence through diplomacy or military force?

Imperialism

New cards
49

What is the belief or desire of a government or people that a country should maintain a strong military capability and be prepared to use it aggressively to defend or promote national interests?

Militarism

New cards
50

What is the name of the time period that promoted the change from hand tools to power-driven machines and factories

Industrial Revolution

New cards
51

Who was Mary Wallstonecraft?

A political thinker that presented an arguement for the education of women. She also declared that women should have the same political rights as men.

New cards
52

Who was Cardinal Richelieu?

Strong minister who increased the power of the French monarchy

New cards
53

The Glorious Revolution of 1688 resulted in what?

This resulted in the emergence of a constitutional monarchy, wherein the powers of the monarchy were limited by law and subject to the consent of the Parliament

New cards
54

The cabinet system of government was developed to do what?

Represent the major party in Parliament by appointing cabinet members solely from the ruling party, ensuring that government policies and initiatives align closely with the party's platform

New cards
55

Who was Peter the Great?

Tsar of Russia, Westernizes Russia to be more like Europe, contruction of the grand city of St. Petersburg

New cards
56

Phillip II

King of Spain, great wealth from the New World colonies, used catholic inquisition to maintain power, and claims divine rights

New cards
57

Louis XIV

Bourbon King of France, called “The Sun King,” states “I am the state,” builds Palace of Versailles

New cards
58

Charles I

Confronted Parliament over matters of governance and religion ultimately led to the Civil War and his own execution, marking a pivotal moment in history

New cards
59

Emirge

Nobles who fled France but still hoped to restore the monarchy

New cards
60

Estates System

A socio-political structure prevalent in feudal societies and is divided into three distinct classes (clergy, nobility, and commoners) each with its own rights and privileges

New cards
61

Bourgeoisie

Exhibited the most pronounced adherence to the ideals and principles of the Enlightenment; the bourgeoisie, comprising the middle class, intellectuals, and professionals, actively embraced Enlightenment principles such as reason, liberty, and progress, driving social and political change

New cards
62

National Assembly

Purpose was to represent the common people, serving as a forum for the voices and aspirations of the general populace, including artisans, workers, and peasants, in shaping revolutionary reforms

New cards
63

Expropriation

Action by the state or an authority of taking property from its owner for public use or benefit

New cards
64

Guillotine

Carry out executions swiftly and efficiently, symbolizing the revolutionary commitment to justice and the punishment of perceived enemies of the state

New cards
65

Bastille

A fortress prison seen as a symbol of royal tyranny and oppression, was stormed by revolutionaries on July 14, 1789, marking the commencement of the French Revolution

New cards
66

The slogan of the French Revolution:

Liberty, Equality, Fraternity which encapsulated the core values of the French Revolution

New cards
67

Tennis Court Oath

Signified a vow to continue meeting until new constitution was established

New cards
68

What precentange of the First and Second Estates, consisting of clergy and nobility who enjoyed significant privileges and exemptions from taxation?

2% of France’s population

New cards
69

The Reign of Terror

A dark and violent period, saw widespread political repression and mass executions of perceived enemies of the revolution

New cards
70

The Committee of Public Safety

A revolutionary committee led by Robespierre, implemented the Reign of Terror as a means to suppress counter-revolutionary activity and consolidate power

New cards
71

Who was responsible for orchestrating the Reign of Terror?

National Convention

New cards
72

What was the primary function of the Committee of Public Safety?

Law enforcement, enacting and enforcing harsh measures to suppress counter-revolutionary activities and dissent, including arrests, trials, and executions, in order to maintain internal security and stability

New cards
73

Who was Napoleon Bonaparte?

A skilled military leader, orchestrated and seized power through a coup d'état in 1799, becoming the Consulate and later Emperor; the primary legal reform introduced by Napoleon Bonaparte was the Napoleonic Code which codified French law and established key legal principles such as equality before the law and protection of property rights

New cards
74

Paramount objective

Driving the participants was to promote and ensure stability among European nations through diplomatic negotiations and territorial rearrangements

New cards
75

King Frederick William III of Prussia

Instrumental in advocating for the interests and aspirations of German states played the most pivotal role in shaping the outcomes and decisions of the Congress of Vienna exerting significant influence over its proceedings and resolutions

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 7 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 15 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 9 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 21 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 34 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 2618 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(5)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard24 terms
studied byStudied by 47 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard58 terms
studied byStudied by 123 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard74 terms
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard31 terms
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard25 terms
studied byStudied by 89 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard42 terms
studied byStudied by 41 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard506 terms
studied byStudied by 30 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard178 terms
studied byStudied by 57 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)