Psych 202 Exam 2

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Leading Cause of Death

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120 Terms

1

Leading Cause of Death

Heart Disease

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2

Health Psychologist

study how patients handle illnesses, why some people don’t follow medical advice and the most effective ways to control pain or change poor health habits

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3

Stressors

stimuli that place demands on us, require us to adapt

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4

Microstressors

everyday little stressors

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5

Major negative events

financial hardship, job loss, divorce, and bereavement

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6

Catastrophic Events

an overwhelming reaction to a traumatic event that is beyond the limits of normal life

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7

Biopsychosocial model of Health

combines biology, psychology, and social perspectives

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8

Adrenaline/epinephrine

fight or flight, increased blood flow, increased heart output

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9

Noradrenaline/Norepinephrine

fight or flight/concentration, increased alertness, arousal and attention

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10

Cortisol

stress, controls metabolism, bp, blood sugar, sleep and wake cycles

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11

General Adaptive Syndrome

describes the process your body goes through when exposed to any kind of stress

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12

Burnout

a state of physical or emotional exhaustion that also involves a reduced sense of accomplishment and loss of personal identity

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13

Stress Management Techniques

Breathing/Meditation

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14

Problem-Focused Coping (external)

all the active efforts to manage stressful situations and after a troubled person-environment relationship to modify or eliminate the sources of stress via individual behavior

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15

Emotion-Focused Coping (internal)

when you try to deal with your emotions due to the stressor

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16

Personality Psychologist

a mental health professional who specializes in analyzing personality and how it affects their patients

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17

Freudian Personality Structure

Id, Ego, Superego

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18

Id

innermost core of personality, driven by libido, the pleasure principle

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19

Ego

mediator between id and superego, reality principle

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20

Superego

morality principle, internalized parental and societal rules

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21

Conscious

immediate awareness of current environment

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22

Preconscious

available to awareness

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23

Unconscious

unavailable to awareness

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24

Freud’s Psychosexual stages oral

pleasure → mouth, sucking, biting

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25

Freud’s Psychosexual stages anal

pleasure → bowel/bladder

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26

Freud’s Psychosexual stages phallic

pleasure → genitals, coping with incenstial feelings

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27

Freud’s Psychosexual stages latency

dormant sexual feelings

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28

Freud’s Psychosexual stages genital

sexual interests

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29

Neo-Freudian

emphasized the impact of a male dominated society on women

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30

Inferiority Complex

chronic feeling of inadequacy and insecurity

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31

Overcompensation

deny weakness

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32

Persona

mask; who we present to the world

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33

Shadow

animal side

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34

Anima/Animus

mirror image of our biological self

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35

Self

unified self

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36

Birth Order: First

Leaders, Responsible, Control

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37

Birth Order: Middle

peacekeepers, need to believe

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Birth Order: Youngest

idealist, creative

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39

Birth Order: Only

quiet, achievers

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40

E v I

Extraverted vs. Introverted

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41

S v N

Sensing v IntuitionTh

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42

T v F

Thinking v Feeling

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43

J v P

Judging v Perceiving

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44

Humanistic

Behavior that emphasizes on consciousness, founded on how personality develops

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45

Maslow’s Growth Theory

Focus on what we don’t have

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46

Growth Orientation

Focus on what they have

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47

Peak Experience

Focus on fullest potential

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48

Roger’s Person Centered Theory

self develops as children, distinguish between me and not me

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49

Congruence

self concept is consistent with actual experience

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50

Incongruence

self concept is inconsistent with actual experience

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51

Collectivist Culture

people might define themselves in terms of social responsibility

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52

Individualistic Culture

people might define themselves in terms of traits that define them from others

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53

Social Cognitive Theory

we learn via observation, behavior is directed towards certain goals

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54

Modeling

If you witness something, you are more likely to imitate it

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55

Self Control

ability to control one’s actions

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56

Self Regulation

Consistent and appropriate actions

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57

Self-Efficacy

preparedness for tasks

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58

Triadic Reciprocal Causation Model

interactions between person, behavior, and environment

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59

Eysenck Psychoticism

aggressive, impulsive, antisocial

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60

Eysenck Extraversion

performance enhanced by social interaction

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Eysenck Introversion

performance enhanced by work/keeping to oneself

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Eysenck Neuroticism

high levels of negative effect such as anxiety, irritability, and depression

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63

Reticular Activating System

regulates consciousness; underactive → ADHD

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64

OCEAN Model: Openness

open minded, imaginative and insightful a person is or can be

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65

Ocean Model: Conscientiousness

a tendency to be organized and dependable, to show self discipline, to aim for achievement, and to prefer planned or spontaneous behavior

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Ocean Model: Extraversion

talkative, energetic, assertive, outgoing

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Ocean Model: Agreeableness

kind, sympathetic, cooperative, warm, frank, considerate

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Ocean Model: Neuroticism

experience negative affects including anger, anxiety, self consciousness, irritability, emotional instability, depression

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69

Rorschach Ink Blot Test

projective psychological test in which subjects perceptions of ink blots are recorded and then analyzed using psychological interpretation, complex algorithms or both

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70

Thematic Apperception Test

a widely used perception test for the assessment of children and adult

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71

MMPI

used to test individuals who are suspected of having mental health issues

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72

NEO-PI

ocean model

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73

Deficiency Orientation

occurs when people are preoccupied with meeting needs for what they don’t have

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74

Classifying Disorders

normal to abnormal continuum (normal, mild, moderate, psych disorder, severe psych disorder)

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75

Biological Perspective

Physical Causes (genetics, neurotransmitters)

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76

Psychological Perspective

caused by internal factors mixed with external environment

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77

Sociocultural Perspective

abnormal behavior develops within a certain social context and must be treated accordingly to that social context

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78

Biopsychosocial Perspective

abnormal behavior develops from a number of different factors

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79

ADHD

inattentive, hyperactive, or a combination

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80

Overexcitabilities

Gifted

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81

Autism Spectrum Disorders

impaired social interactions, lack of social reciprocity, repetitive behaviors (level 1, 2, and 3)

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82

Autism Causes

Mostly Unknown, possibly teratogens, paternal age or genes

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83

Oppositional Defiant Disorder

Defiant and Hostile Behavior towards peers, parents, and other authority figures

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84

Conduct Disorder

violation of age appropriate societal norms and rules

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85

Generalized Anxiety Disorder

excessive worry about a number of events with no identifiable cause

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86

Panic Disorder

person has reoccurring abrupt experiences of unexpected intense fear accompanied by physical symptoms

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Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

Obsessions: involuntary, irrational thoughts that occur repeatedly

Compulsion: an action a person feels compelled to do

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88

Hoarding Disorder

extreme persistent difficulty disregarding possessions, causes distress and impairments in functioning

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89

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

results from exposure to one traumatic event during which one feels hopelessness or fear

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90

Complex Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

PTSD from ongoing traumatic events

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91

Dissociative Amnesia

sudden loss of memory

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92

Dissociative Identity Disorder

two or more distinct personalities that are unaware of one another

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93

Somatic Symptom Disorders

involves physical complaints for which there is no apparent physical cause

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94

Major Depressive Disorder

excessive sadness, loss of interest, changes in sleep, etc.

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95

Causes of Affective Mood Disorders

genetics, neurotransmitters, brain structures, drug/alcohol use, psychological factors, sociocultural factors

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96

Schizophrenia

psychotic symptoms, changes in mood, perception, thought, decline in social and occupational areas

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97

Premorbid Adjustment

the ability of a person to make social and intimate relationships as well as their academic achievements before the onset of psychotic symptoms

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98

Loose Associations

lack of connections between areas

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99

Ideas of Reference

false beliefs that random or irrelevant occurrences in the world directly relate to oneself

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100

Paranoid Schizophrenia

delusions and frequent auditory hallucinations

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