P.E.E Lesson 5

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Biodiversity

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54 Terms

1

Biodiversity

The diversity/variety of plants and animals & other living things in a particular area.

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2

Biodiversity

Means the number or abundance of different species living within a particular region.

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3

Edward O. Wilson

Who is the father of biodiversity and quoted that “it is reckless to suppose…….”?

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4

Taxonomy

The field of Biology that deals with classifying organisms.

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5

Carolus Linnaeus

Who is the father of Modern Taxonomy?

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6

Carolus Linnaeus

He is considered as the founder of the binomial system of nomenclature and the originator of modern scientific classification of plants & animals.

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7

Binomial Nomenclature

It is identifying organisms by their genus and species’ names and is in 2 words.

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8

Dichotomous Key

It is a series of yes/no questions that state the rules for placing items into categories.

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9

Eubacteria, Archaebacteria, Protists, Fungi, Plants, Animal

What are the 6 kingdoms?

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10

The Three-Domain System

The domain is more inclusive category than any other. (Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya)

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11

Eubacteria

Cell walls with peptidoglycan

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12

Archaebacteria

Cell walls do NOT contain peptidoglycan

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13

Archaebacteria

These bacteria live in volcanic hot springs, brine pools, and black organic mud. Most survive in the absence of oxygen.

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14

Protists

Mostly unicellular and examples are Amoeba (bottom) and Paramecium (top)

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15

Fungi

Mostly multicellular but some unicellular and has a cell wall but does NOT make its own food.

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16

Fungi

Mostly known as Decomposers as they change dead organic matter into usable nutrients.

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17

Plant Kingdom

They make food by photosynthesis and most are in green as they contain chlorophyll.

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18

Animal Kingdom

They are multi-cellular and cannot make their own food.

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19

Vertebrates (Backbone) and Invertebrates (No Backbone)

What are the 2 groups animals can be classified into?

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20

Body Symmetry

The arrangement of body parts

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21

Radial Symmetry

Has body parts radiating from a central point. (Ex: Starfish and Hydra)

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22

Bilateral Symmetry

An animal with body parts arranged in pairs on either sides of a central axis (Ex: Humans)

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23

Asymmetry

Irregular body shape

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24

Dorsal(Top of animal or the Back surface), Ventral(Bottom of animal or Belly), Anterior(Front of animal), and Posterior(End of animal)

What are the 4 parts of the body?

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25

Metamorphosis

It is a series of changes during which young insects develop into adults.

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26

Egg, Larva, Pupa, Adult

Give the process of a complete metamorphosis (Ex: Butterflies, Beetles, Flies)

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27

Egg, Nymph(a much smaller version of the adult), Adult

Give the process of an incomplete metamorphosis (Ex: Grasshopper and cockroaches)

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28

Biomes

Large areas(ecosystems) with the same type of climax community

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29

Terrestrial

Biomes located on land. (Ex: Tundra, Taiga, Desert, Grassland, Deciduous Forest, and Tropical Rain Forest)

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Aquatic

Biomes located in oceans, lakes, streams, or ponds. (Ex: Marine, estuary, and freshwater)

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31

Tundra

Treeless land and only topmost layer of soil thaws during the summer. COLDEST

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Bearberry

It is a common plant that can be found in the Tundra.

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33

Taiga

Circles the North Pole and land of mine and more. Warmer and wetter than Tundra

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34

Desert

A large, dry area and an arid region with sparse plant life and occupy about 1/5 of the Earth’s surface.

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35

Temperate Grasslands

Large communities covered with grasses and similar small plants.

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36

Savanna

Grassland with scattered trees and frequent fires and large mammals.

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37

cool and dry, hot and dry, and warm and wet

What are the 3 distinct seasons in Savanna?

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38

Chaparral

Scrubland, regions of dense shrubs along coasts.

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39

Chaparral

Maintained by periodic fires

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40

Temperate Deciduous Forest

A biome that has many deciduous trees which drop their leaves in the fall.

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41

Temperate Deciduous Forest

These forests are also known as broad-leaf forests because of broad-leaved hardwood trees that loose their foliage.

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42

Tropical Rain Forests

It is a hot humid and flourishing dense forest usually found in equator and is found near the equator.

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43

Emergent layer, Canopy, Under story, Shrub layer, and Forest Floor

What are the layers of a tropical rain forest?

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44

Emergent layer

Top most layer of rainforest

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45

Canopy

It is made up the overlapping branches and leaves of rain forest

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Under story

A layer made of young trees, short species tree, provide food and shelter for small animals, birds, and large predators.

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Shrub layer

Dense and dark with small plants and contains shrub and ferns and other plants needing less light.

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48

Forest Floor

Darkest of all rain forest layer making it extremely difficult for plants to grow.

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49

Marine Biomes(salt water) and Freshwater(rivers, streams, ponds, and most lakes)

Give the 2 categories of aquatic biomes

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50

Marine

Oceans contain the largest amount of biomass or living material of any biome on earth.

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51

Ecologist

They study marine biomes by separating them into different zones.

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52

Freshwater

Full of life but more so around the shoreline and in shallow areas.

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53

Water temperature and sunlight penetration

What are the factors that limits life in freshwater biomes?

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54

Estuary

A coastal body of water, partially surrounded by land and in which freshwater and saltwater mix.

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