ALIN 220 exam #1 misc

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Suprasegmental features

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Biology

10 Terms

1

Suprasegmental features

the “extra” features of a word that aren’t necessary to distinguish individual sounds in the IPA system; usually marked with diacritics

includes: intonation, pitch, stress, tone, duration/length

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2

Broad transcription

a transcription including only a word’s basic consonants and vowels

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3

Narrow transcription

a transcription including suprasegmental features, also accounting for a word’s phonetic environment influencing how a given sound is pronounced

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4

Differences and debates about human and nonhuman animal communication

Some people think humans have an innate language ability and that some non human primates haven’t done enough to imitate language, others think that human children acquire language through gesture and reference to their physical environment like other animals

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5

Poverty of stimulus

Language is learned without being directly taught

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6

Competence model of linguistics

A model of what speakers know when they know a language, their mental grammar

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7

Performance model of linguistics

A model of how speakers actually use their linguistic competence

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8

Acquisition model of linguistics

A model that reflects changes of competence and performance as a person acquires a language

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9

Descriptive linguistics

How a language is actually spoken

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10

Prescriptive linguistics

How a language is supposed to be spoken

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