IB Music HL: Renaissance Era Vocab

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Tags and Description

Chapters 14 - 16

37 Terms

1

ronde

  • a circle or line dance

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2

saltarello

  • energetic Italian or Spanish dance

  • for one couple

  • characterized by leaps and skips

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3

pavane

  • stately dance

  • in slow duple time

  • popular in the 16th and 17th century

  • performed in elaborate clothing

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4

nakers

  • small hand drums

  • played in pairs

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5

sackbut

  • an early version of the trombone

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6

tabor

  • a cylindrical drum

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7

cornetto

  • wooden instrument with finger holes like a recorder

  • cup-shaped mouthpiece

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8

the shawn

  • nasal-sounding ancestor of the oboe

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9

rebec

  • bowed string instrument

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10

lute

  • plucked-string instrument

  • including the rebec

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11

the recorder

  • soft instrument

  • an end-blown flute

  • breathy tone

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12

haut

  • loud or outdoor

  • category of instrument based on purpose

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13

bas

  • soft or indoor

  • category of instrument based on purpose

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14

embellishments

  • the action of adding details or features

  • added to instrumental dance music by both professionals and amateurs

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15

council of trent

  • the church organized what is viewed as the longest meeting in history

  • a topic within madrigals

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16

reformation

  • protestant movement

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17

counter reformation

  • extended from the 1530s into the early decades of the next century

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18

jacques arcadelt

  • elderly master of the Italian Madrigal

  • died in 1521

  • died around the time of major religious reforms in europe

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19

congregational singing

  • the practice of congregational participating in the music of a church

  • 1950s protestants argued for the simple unity of congregational singing

  • catholics affirmed the power of professional choirs and complex textures especially in polyphonic settings of the mass

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20

angus dei

  • lamb of god who takes away sin of the world

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21

sanctus

  • holy holy holy

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22

credo

  • the belief of one god

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23

gloria

  • glory to be god on high

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24

kyrie

  • a prayer for mercy

  • dates from the early centuries of christianity as its greek attests

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25

proper

  • texts that vary according to the day

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26

ordinary

  • text that remains the same for every mass

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27

mass

  • daily service with two categories of prayers

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28

homorhythm

  • where all voices move together rhythmically

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29

motet

  • a sacred work with a latin text

  • used in the mass and other religious services

  • EX: songs in phrase of the virgin mary were popular and the songs emphasize the humanistic spirit of a new age

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30

cantus firmus

  • fixed melody in one voice as the bassist

  • elaborate ornamentation in other voices

  • renaissance sacred music was called a motet and was built on this

  • the preexisting melody

  • EX: latin text from the church or religious in nature

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31

imitation

  • when musical ideas are exchanged and repeated

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32

acapella

  • singing without instrumental accompaniment

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33

humanism

  • new way of thinking centered on human issues and the individual

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34

french chanson / italian madrigal

  • two important secular dramas

  • arose from the union of poetry and music

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35

word painting

  • making the music to directly reflect the meaning of the words

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36

madrigal

  • the 16th century’s most important genre of the era

  • a form of poetry and music that flourished at the Italian courts

  • features expressive text setting word painting and multiple meanings

  • EX: love desire humor satire and politics

  • notable musician: Jacques Arcadelt

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37

Visual arts

  • EX: paintings

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