A&P II - Endocrine and Blood (Unit 1) Lab

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Thymic Lobule

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1

Thymic Lobule

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Thymic Cortex

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Thymic Medulla

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Thymic Corpuscles

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Thymic Capsule

(Arrow)

<p>(Arrow)</p>
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Pars Nervosa

C

<p>C</p>
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Pars Intermedia

B

<p>B</p>
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Pars Distalis

A

<p>A</p>
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Follicular Cells of Thyroid

Highlighted cells

<p>Highlighted cells</p>
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Thyroid Colloid

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Parafollicular Cells (C cells) of Thyroid

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Chief Cells (Principal Cells)

(Left 2 arrows)

<p>(Left 2 arrows)</p>
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Oxyphils

(Right)

<p>(Right)</p>
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14

Zona Glomerulosa

(2)

<p>(2)</p>
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Zona Fasciculata

(3)

<p>(3)</p>
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Zona Reticularis

(4)

<p>(4)</p>
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Adrenal Medulla

(3)

<p>(3)</p>
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Islets of Langerhans (Pancreatic Islet Cells)

(Centered)

<p>(Centered)</p>
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Alpha Cells

Pancreatic islet cells; produces glucagon

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Beta Cells

Pancreatic islet cells; produces insulin

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Delta Cells

Pancreatic islet cells; produces somatostatin; inhibits glucagon and insulin secretion

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F cells

Pancreatic islet cells; produces pancreatic polypeptides/enzymes; inhibits gallbladder

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Acini

(1)

<p>(1)</p>
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Sertoli Cells (Nurse Cells)

(1)

<p>(1)</p>
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Leydig Cells

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Ovarian Follicle

(Centered)

<p>(Centered)</p>
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Pineal Gland

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28

Hypophysis (Pituitary Gland)

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Hypophyseal Stalk (Pituitary Stalk or Infundibulum)

(blue star)

<p>(blue star)</p>
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Hypothalamus

(21; highlighted blue)

<p>(21; highlighted blue)</p>
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Thymus

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Thyroid

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Isthmus of Thyroid

(circled structure)

<p>(circled structure)</p>
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Parathyroid Glands

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Adrenal Glands

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Head of Pancreas

Structure

<p>Structure</p>
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Body of Pancreas

Structure

<p>Structure</p>
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Tail of Pancreas

Structure

<p>Structure</p>
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Testes

(7)

<p>(7)</p>
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Ovaries

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41

Heart

(Whole organ)

<p>(Whole organ)</p>
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Kidneys

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Erythrocytes

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Neutrophils

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Eosinophils

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Basophils

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Monocytes

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Lymphocytes

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Thrombocytes

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50

Sickle Cell

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Spleen

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Blood Type O-

Universal Donor

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Blood type AB+

Universal Recipient

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A+

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O-

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AB-

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B+

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Goiter

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Graves' Disease

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Addison's Disease

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Cushing's Syndrome

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Multiple Myeloma

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Thrombocytopenia

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Pars Nervosa

The tissue that constitutes the neurohypophysis (posterior pituitary)

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Pars Intermedia

The tissue that separates the two lobes of the hypophysis (pituitary)

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Pars Distalis

The tissue that constitutes the adenohypophysis (anterior pituitary)

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Follicular Cells of Thyroid

Simple cuboidal epithelium; secretes thyroid hormone

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Parafollicular Cells of Thyroid

Cells that are located between the follicles; synthesize, secrete, and store calcitonin

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Thyroid Colloid

Thick fluid that fills the interior of thyroid follicles; made of tyrosine; stores thyroid hormone

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Chief Cells (Principal Cells)

Cells that produce parathyroid hormone

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Zona Glomerulosa

Outermost of layer of adrenal cortex; produces mineralcorticoids (mainly aldosterone)

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Zona Fasciculata

Middle layer of adrenal cortex; produces glucocorticoids

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Zona Reticularis

Deepest layer of adrenal cortex; produces gonadocortioids

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Adrenal Medulla

Deepest layer of adrenal gland; produces epinephrine and norepinephrine

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Acini

Cells that secrete enzymes in the pancreas for digestion

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Sertoli Cells (Nurse Cells)

Cells that produce sperm

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Leydig Cells

Cells that produce testosterone

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Ovarian Follicle

Fluid filled sac that contains an immature egg

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Pineal Gland

Gland that secretes melatonin

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Hypophysis (Pituitary Gland)

Gland that secretes growth and reproduction hormones as well as neurotransmitters

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Hypothalamus

The "overlord"; coordinates autonomic nervous system and hypophysis (pituitary) function

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Thymus

Gland in the thoracic cavity above the heart where T lymphocytes mature

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Thyroid

Gland that produces hormones that regulate metabolism, body heat, and bone growth

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Parathyroid Glands

Gland(s) that produces parathyroid hormone

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Adrenal Glands

Gland(s) that produces adrenocortical steroids

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Testes

Organ(s) that produces testosterone and sperm

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Ovaries

Organ(s) that produces estrogen & progesterone as well as eggs

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Kidneys

Organ(s) that secrete calcitriol, erythropoietin, and renin

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Spleen

Organ near the stomach that produces, stores, and eliminates blood cells

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Erythrocytes

Cells that transport oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood stream

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Neutrophils

First responder; engulfs invading pathogens

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Eosinophils

Increased in allergic reactions and parasitic infections; reduces inflammation at injury site.

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Basophils

Produces histamine and heparin; rarest white blood cell

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Monocytes

2x as big as RBC's. Becomes macrophages; engulfs pathogens, old cells, and any other debris. Stimulates other white blood cells.

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Lymphocytes

3 Types: B cells - produce antibodies T cells - destroy cells with antigens NK cells - fight cancer

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Thrombocytes

Cells that transport chemicals for clotting process; form temporary patches in damaged blood vessel walls

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Sickle Cell

An abnormal RBC that is crescent shaped and produces abnormal hemoglobin - this prevents it from transporting gasses efficiently.

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