module 1-3 ; unit 1 ౨ৎ

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Socrates

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Tags and Description

Psychology

ap psych

48 Terms

1

Socrates

Believed that the mind was separate from the body, derived genetics , and that the mind continued after death

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2

Plato

Same beliefs as Socrates ( Was a student ) , thought knowledge after death continued within as well

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3

Aristotle

Taught by Plato , believed opposite ; mind inseparable from body + knowledge obtained through observation

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4

Decartes

Derived “Animal spirits” flowing though nerves into the nervous system

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5

Wundt

The “Father of experimental psychology” , worked with Titchner

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6

Titchner

Introduction to introspection

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7

Structuralists

Use of introspection to reveal the structure of the human mind

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8

Introspection

Process of looking inward in an attempt to directly observe one’s psychological process

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9

John Locke

Formed modern empiricism

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10

Empiricism

Idea that ones knowledge comes from experience

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11

William James

Function ; Thoughts & feelings

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12

Charles Darwin

Animal and Human behavior

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13

Functionalism

James + Dewey + Darwin ; Explored how the mental and behavioral processes function : adapt , survive , flourish

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14

Dorothea Dix

Founded at least 30 hospitals - all in order to treat the mentally ill, of which were considered to be incurable / untreatable

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15

Mary Whiton Calkins

Denied a Ph.D. , memory analysis research , 1st APA president ( Professional , academic psychologists )

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16

Margaret Floy Washburn

1st woman to receive a Ph.D. , studied animal behavior

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17

Sigmund Freud

Psychoanalytic Psychology , studied the unconscious mind + childhood-affecting behaviors , worked with Jung & Alder

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18

B.F. Skinner

Studied how consequences affected behavior , worked with John Watson

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19

John Watson

Dismissed introspection ; redefined psychology as “the scientific study of observable behavior” ; studied on a baby known as “Little Albert”

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20

Behaviorism

The view that psychology is an objective science reinforcing behaviors to mental processes

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21

Ivan Pavlov

Introduced Classical Conditioning , behaviors of dogs & foods to sounds , worked with Kandel

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22

Humanistic Psychology

A historically scientific perspective emphasizing human growth potential

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23

G. Stanley Hall

Cognitive science . . . that’s it

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24

evolutionary psychology

study of behavior, thought, & feeling through the lens of evolutionary biology

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25

gesalt psychology

schools founded 20th cen., provided foundation for the study of modern perception

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26

psychodynamic psychology

emphasizes systematic study of the psychological forces that underlie human behavior, feelings, & emotions ; early experience

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27

cognitive psychology

branch of psychology dedicated to study peoples thoughts

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28

social-cultural psychology

examines the influences of social and cultural environment on behavior

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29

behavior-genetics psychology

study of the manner-genetic variation affects psychological phenotypes, cognitive abilities, persona mental illness, social attitude

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30

neuroscience perspective

study of the body;s functional psychological processes based on activities of neutral + structural processes in the brain

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31

levels of analysis; biopsychosocial approach

biological , psychological , & social factors - complex interactions in understanding health, illness, & heath care delivery

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32

applied research

non-systematic way of finding solutions to specific issues / problems

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33

basic research

scientific investigations that are conducted to expand knowledge and understanding in a particular field, without any immediate practical application or goal.

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34

psychometrics

science of measuring mental capacities / processes

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35

developmental

study how people grow, develop, & adapt - diff. life stages

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36

educational

relationship between learning + physical + social environment

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37

personality

investigating persistent traits

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38

social

exploring how we view and affect one another

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39

counselling

help people cope with challenges / crisis

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40

clinical

assess + treat people w/ behavioral / mental disorders

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41

psychiatrics

medical doctors licensed to prescribe medicine

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42

community psychologists

work to create social + physical environments - healthy

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43

experimental

study variety of basic behavioral mental processes

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44

industrial organization

relationships btwn ppl + their work environments

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45

human factors

allied with industrial organization ; explore how people + machines interact

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46

psychometrics

measurement of human abilities through observement

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47

quantitive

study + develop methods for collecting + analyzing thru surveys + focus groups

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48

foresenic

emphasizes application of research + experiments

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