AP HUG UNIT 1

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Proportional Symbol Map

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51 Terms

1

Proportional Symbol Map

A symbol represents intensity or frequency of the variable being mapped.

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2

Dot Distribution Map

A symbol used to depict variation in density of the variable being mapped

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3

Choropleth Map

applies distinctive colors to represent different quantities or densities

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4

Cartogram Map

this projection was designed to make the shape of the continents look correct

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5

Isoline Map

show lines that connect points of equal value. Crossing lines means going up or down on surface.

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6

Robinson Map

Representation of the Earth where the poles are displayed as long lines instead of points

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7

Mollweide Map

This map projection is a representation of a sphere where meridians coverage at the Poles

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8

Mercator Map

This map projection is a representation of a sphere where lines of latitude and longitude are straight and at right angles to one another, making this projection ideal for navigation

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9

Spatial concepts

absolute and relative location, space, place, flows, distance decay, time-space compression, and pattern.

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10

Absolute location

The precise location of something; usually uses latitude and longitude or a street address

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11

Relative location

the location of something in relation to something else

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12

space

the further away a place is from us the less we have awareness about it

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13

What makes a place unique?

-The built environment (buildings, roadways) -Natural environment (weather, climate, topography) -Cultural landscape (religion, values, clothing, food)

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14

Whats gives a sense of placelessness in some places?

Nothing is present that leaves a mark to a specific place (East Hanover)

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15

time-space compression

how we make places far away seem closer (technology, transportation allows us to get to a place quicker than it seems) we can travel the physical space between the two points faster without changing the physical space

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16

Why is time-space compression important that places feel closer?

Globialization

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17

Distance Decay- Spacial interactions

the contact, movement, and flow of things between locations - physical (through roads) or information (through radio or Internet). The increasing connection between places is reflected in the growth of spatial interaction.

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The friction of distance

when things are farther apart, they tend to be less well connected. This inverse relationship is called distance-decay.

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19

Pattern

It's how things (cities, roads, etc.) are placed on Earth. Most states outside of the original 13 states have counties arranged in a grid pattern. Patterns make things and places easier to find. Patterns can be arranged in line or clustered patterns.

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20

Environmental determinism

is an early theory that states the environment places limitations on human activities; meaning that humans can only do and create with what the environment allows them to.

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21

Environmental possibilism

Possibilism states that while the environment has limiting factors, humans have the ability to innovate and create ways to adapt to the environment.

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22

What is a scale?

Scale is the relationship of the size of a map to the amount of area it represents on Earth

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23

Large Scale Map

less area would be show in in greater detail (think zoom in)

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24

Small scale map

more area would be shown in less detail (think zoom out)

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25

Global Scale of analysis

shows the world at one level of data, it is usually not that useful and is almost impossible to use (climate change) No boundary line (smalls scale map)

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Regional scale of analysis

shows data by continents or world regions. The map depicts data that is grouped by regions/continents consider major world regions like, Southeast Asia, Sub-Saharan Africa, Oceania, Anglo-America...

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National Scale of Analysis

shows data for 1 or more countries. There are political boundary lines depicted

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Local scale of analysis

there are sub regional boundary lines. local scale of analysis shows data at a subnational level (states, counties, zip codes)

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29

What is a region

Defined on the basis of one or more unifying characteristics or on patterns of activity Generally, regions are areas where the vast majority of the people and activities share a common characteristic Example: everyone who has a legal residence in Livingston has a common characteristic- THEY ARE FROM LIVINGSTON Regional boundaries are generally contested and can overlap Geographers will apply regional analysis at a local, national, global scale

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30

Formal region

are those that are designated by official boundaries, such as cities, states, counties, and countries. For the most part, they are clearly indicated and publicly known.

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31

Functional regions

are defined by their connections. For example, the circulation area for a major city area is the functional region of that paper.

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32

Vernacular regions

are perceived regions, such as "The South," "The Midwest," or the "Middle East;" they have no formal boundaries but are understood in our "mental maps" of the world.

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33

What creates divisions in allegiance across the country

Distance Decay- the further distance you are from an event/thing, the less interaction you are going to have with it TV and Radio Markets

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34

What is census

Census is a series of questions asking about the number of people living in their homes, their age, race, sex, whether the home is rented or not, and other questions that gain the idea of cultural material and diverse aspects of a certain area. The United States conducts a census every 10 years.

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35

Why do we conduct census

it gives a sense of the cultural and diverse aspects of the state and can help form notions of racial hierarchy to understand how race has played a role in various countries.

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36

Define eugenics.

Eugenics is the study of reproduction to improve the human race.

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37

https://c1.staticflickr.com/9/8481/8262609112_344513922a_b.jpg

Proportional Symbol Map

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http://gothos.info/wp-content/uploads/2013/03/publibs_2009.png

Dot distribution Map

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39

https://datamarket.files.wordpress.com/2013/10/choropleth-gpd-capita-world.png?w=700&h=354

Chloropleth map

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40

http://www.viewsoftheworld.net/wp-content/uploads/2011/07/WorldmapperPopulationCartogram2011.jpg

Cartogram Map

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41

http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-aXeLo4ykrxc/T3juZYMm1SI/AAAAAAAAAA8/5RqL5dO4nXA/s400/isoline.png

Isoline Map

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42

http://media.education.nationalgeographic.com:8080/assets/photos/c39/f08/c39f08ee-be2a-401f-9db4-22b514c643c9.jpg

Robinson Map

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43

http://media.education.nationalgeographic.com:8080/assets/photos/f42/daa/f42daab2-c97c-45f2-871f-942279483acb.jpg

Mollweid Map

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http://media.education.nationalgeographic.com:8080/assets/photos/81c/89a/81c89a7f-9156-42c3-8fb9-6bf3c529432e.jpg

mercator map

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45

Milwaukee, WI

Formal Region

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46

Coverage for The Star Ledger

Functional Region

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47

The South

Vernacular Region

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48

The rust belt

Vernacular Region

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49

An airport hub

functional region

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50

NJ12- TV Channel

Functional Region

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51

95.1 WZZO from Allentown, PA

Functional Region

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