Chapter 12: Advances in Policing: New Technologies for Crime Analysis

studied byStudied by 2 people
0.0(0)
get a hint
hint

Rigel

1 / 54

55 Terms

1

Rigel

________: Computerized geographic profiling that has statistical analyses, GIS, and management functions to further the process of investigative suggestions.

New cards
2

Tactics

________: Methods for addressing the data on crime patterns.

New cards
3

Finger identification systems

________: Using fingerprints to help identify a person.

New cards
4

Relevancy

________: When two things are closely connected.

New cards
5

Reliability

________: When something is consistent and trustworthy.

New cards
6

Biometrics

________: Helps identify people quickly based on their characteristics:

New cards
7

Automatic vehicle monitoring

________: Enhances officer safety as well as accountability, allows tracking of patrol vehicles, or not a car door has been left open.

New cards
8

Environmental Systems Research Institute, Inc (ESRI)

________: Creates cutting- edge and useful geographic information systems (GIS) for the public and business sectors.

New cards
9

Closed Circuit Television

________: A system of cameras recording actions in both private and public settings for the purpose of security.

New cards
10

Homeland Security Information Network (HSIN)

________ : Computer- based communication that allows state, federal, and local departments to share information.

New cards
11

CompStat

________: This manages performances and reduces crime.

New cards
12

Timeliness

________: Things being done at a good time.

New cards
13

Nearness principle

________: Criminals will usually commit crimes in the same general area.

New cards
14

Facial recognition software

________: Recognizes facial features of a person through videos or CCTV cameras to identify them.

New cards
15

Crime mapping

________: Putting crime on a map and identifying the correlation between both crime and location.

New cards
16

Pattern detection

________: Ability to find characteristics that are systematic.

New cards
17

Geographic Profiling

________: Using geography, psychology, and math to find criminals.

New cards
18

The first stage (1881-1945)

Mobile patrol, radio communications, telephone communications

New cards
19

The second stage (1946-1959)

Traffic violation detection instruments

New cards
20

Third stage (1960-1979)

911, centralized dispatch, civilian specialists, research and development organizations, computer age begins

New cards
21

Fourth stage (1980-present)

Telecommunications advances, mobile data communications, expert systems, imaging, biometrics, GIS

New cards
22

Crime analysis

The analysis of people involved in crimes, particularly repeat offenders, repeat victims, and criminal organizations

New cards
23

Timeliness

Things being done at a good time

New cards
24

Relevancy

When two things are closely connected

New cards
25

Reliability

When something is consistent and trustworthy

New cards
26

Strategic crime analysis

The study of crime in the community as well as problem-solving

New cards
27

Crime Trend forecasting

Predicting crime before it occurs

New cards
28

Tactical crime analysis

Examining data to find patterns and leads for recent criminal activity

New cards
29

Pattern detection

Ability to find characteristics that are systematic

New cards
30

Linkage analysis

Detecting chromosomes in disease genes

New cards
31

Geographic information systems (GIS)

A computer system that analyzes and displays geographically referenced information

New cards
32

Crime mapping

Putting crime on a map and identifying the correlation between both crime and location

New cards
33

Geocoded

Transfering a location such as an address or coordinates into a surface on the earth

New cards
34

Causation

The reason an action happens (cause)

New cards
35

Correlation

The relationship between two variables

New cards
36

CompStat

This manages performances and reduces crime

New cards
37

Pattern Identification Modules (PIMs)

Each borough of New York City has developed groups made up of housing, transportation, patrol, detective, organized crime, and robbery squads to evaluate daily index crime statistics and identify crime clusters or patterns that need to be addressed for CompStat Meetings

New cards
38

Tactics

Methods for addressing the data on crime patterns

New cards
39

Environmental Systems Research Institute, Inc (ESRI)

Creates cutting-edge and useful geographic information systems (GIS) for the public and business sectors

New cards
40

Geographic Profiling

Using geography, psychology, and math to find criminals

New cards
41

Nearness principle

Criminals will usually commit crimes in the same general area

New cards
42

Rigel

Computerized geographic profiling that has statistical analyses, GIS, and management functions to further the process of investigative suggestions

New cards
43

Record management systems (RMS)

Manages large amounts of data of a particular organization or offender

New cards
44

Closed Circuit Television

A system of cameras recording actions in both private and public settings for the purpose of security

New cards
45

Global Positioning Systems

Satelite technology that allows us to track patrol cars, stolen vehicles, or even find people

New cards
46

Biometrics

Helps identify people quickly based on their characteristics

New cards
47

Facial recognition software

Recognizes facial features of a person through videos or CCTV cameras to identify them

New cards
48

Finger identification systems

Using fingerprints to help identify a person

New cards
49

Homeland Security Information Network (HSIN)

Computer-based communication that allows state, federal, and local departments to share information

New cards
50

Mobile digital communications

Nonverbal communication between communication centers and patrol

New cards
51

Automatic vehicle monitoring

Enhances officer safety as well as accountability, allows tracking of patrol vehicles, or not a car door has been left open

New cards
52

311 System

Calls that do not require emergency assistance should call here

New cards
53

911 System

Calls that do require immediate emergency service should call here

New cards
54

Advanced Generation of Interoperability for Law Enforcement (AGILE)

Prototype system that improves communication across law enforcement and other criminal justice agencies within a jurisdiction

New cards
55

Automated Regional Justice Information System (ARJIS)

Database that facilitates the sharing of information among San Diego and neighboring criminal justice agencies

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 59 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 1 person
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 9 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 16 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
note Note
studied byStudied by 364 people
Updated ... ago
4.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 41 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
note Note
studied byStudied by 13179 people
Updated ... ago
4.9 Stars(100)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard20 terms
studied byStudied by 3 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard134 terms
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard321 terms
studied byStudied by 22 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard29 terms
studied byStudied by 3 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard45 terms
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard36 terms
studied byStudied by 7 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard42 terms
studied byStudied by 10 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard85 terms
studied byStudied by 11 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)