iss 310 - exam 1

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Which is the proper order of civilizations (periods) in Mesopotamia?


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European History


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Which is the proper order of civilizations (periods) in Mesopotamia?

Sumerian then Assyrian then Neo-Babylonian

Which period of Mesopotamian history introduced the concept of private parks with the establishment of hunting parks?


With regard to paleolithic man (500,000 to 9200 BC), early humans:

All of the above

In the Prehistoric period (500,000 to 9,200 BC), effective hunting and gathering resulted in an increase in population, thus carrying capacity of the landscape was reached and resulted in movement of humans into more severe environments.


The Nile River Valley is composed of a single drainage system.


In Egypt, during the New Kingdom (1570 B.C - 1085 B.C), which of the following are true:

B and C

Which of the following irrigation techniques used in Egypt was NOT used by the Old Kingdom (2686-2181 BC) and was a technology developed in a later (18th) dynasty?

Use of efficient lifting devices

As one passes through an Egyptian temple what is the sequence of spaces (starting at the entrance)?

pylons then colonnades (peristyle court) then hypostyle hall then sanctuary

To address the agricultural challenges presented by the landscape of Greece, Greeks employed which of the following methods?

Loosened soils via ploughing

An agora is a private place for contemplation and walking.


The Greek landscape contains:

All of the above

Genius Loci refers to:

spirit of the site and was attributed to Greek sensitivity to the landscape

Roman water laws for irrigation and reclamation:

Assured all citizens of an equitable supply

Concrete was developed by:


Etruscans occupied slopes of hills and mountains because they offered a natural defense.


Which group was able to unite the Italian peninsula:


The cloister garden was located adjacent to utilitarian gardens.


Large land holdings in early Medieval time were called:

Manorial lands

Which of the following apply to the medieval period:

B and C

The basis of Western Monasticism was established by the Rule of St Benedictine (529 AD).


By the late medieval era, there were no distinctions between urban and rural settlements.


Villa Rustica and Suburbana Villas were farm retreats and daily retreats for the wealthy French seeking escape from bastides.


In the St. Gall Monastery, the abbot's house and school were located at the:

North end

Nucleated village settlements were:

A, B and C

In the Italian villa, the garden married urban geometry with organic nature.


During the Italian Renaissance, Northern Italy was characterized by a network of larger urban centers surrounded by smaller trading centers.


With regard to the Renaissance, the new conception of urban and rural landsapes was based on classical formalism and linear perspective.


Which component(s) gave form to Renaissance city interiors:

All of the above

The Romans had developed extensive agricultural systems in Spain prior to the Moors.


Typically, the market of a Medieval Islamic city:

was located close to the mosque

Which is a part of Fortress Alhambra in Moorish Spain:

All of the above

Which of the following is an estate farm in Spain:


The design and layout of French country estates was:

ordered and symmetrical

A rond-pont in French design is:

a node with radiating paths or carriageways

A parterre is:

a rectangular garden plot on a terrace

The physical landscape of France offers few constraints and allows for long views to the horizon line.


Which of the following factors led to a new concept of the term landscape in Britain following the 17th century?

All of the above

Railroads in 18th century Britain had a more localized effect on the landscape, while canals and roads had a much wider or large scale impact.


By the 18th century, over 3000 miles of canal were in place, improving transportation in Britain. Which of the following features was NOT commonly found along the British canals?

parallel railroad routes

Which of the following explorations of the 1600s influenced English landscape design in the 18th century.

B and C

The United States has a larger percentage of park lands out of total land area than does Europe.


Which of the following is a purpose for land preservation in European park planning:

All of the above

Which of the following is NOT an International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) standard for National Parks:

A large area affected by human activity

The idea of preserving land traces back to the medieval era when lands beyond urban areas were identified for public use.


The decline of the Indus Valley Civilization (2000-1600BC) was most likely due to:

drying up River Sarawati

Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of the Indus Valley Civilization?


Of the 80 odd Hill Stations, which of them was the most famous (Summer capital of British India)?


Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of the Mughal Gardens in India?


Which of the following is true of a Ting, an element found in Chinese garden design:

All of the above