crim ac2.2 U4th

studied byStudied by 4 people
5.0(1)
get a hint
hint

Retribution

1 / 44

encourage image

There's no tags or description

Looks like no one added any tags here yet for you.

45 Terms

1

Retribution

the punishment of offender to ‘pay back’ inflicting punishment as vengeance

New cards
2

Deterrence

punishment is used to deter individual offenders from committing crimes again

New cards
3

Rehabilitation

reforming offenders and reintroducing them into society

New cards
4

public protection

use of punishment to remove the offender’s physical capacity to offend again.

New cards
5

reparation

compensates the victim of crime, can be physical or financial

New cards
6

purpose of sentencing

Section 142 of the CJA 2003

New cards
7

‘Payback’ method of sentencing

retribution

New cards
8

offender gets their ‘just desserts’

Retribution

New cards
9

punishment should fit the crime and be proportionate to the harm done

retribution

New cards
10

Stanley ‘Tookie’ Williams

  1. died from lethal injection on 13th December 2005
    2. convicted of 4 murders, 2 robberies and co-founded ‘crips’ the world dealist street gang.
    3. spent 2 decades of death row

  2. nominated 4 times nobel peace prize

New cards
11

retribution and right realist

rational choice: retribution believe offenders act consciously through choice and are responsible for their actions.

New cards
12

retribution and functionalists

Durkheim believe that punishing offender remind society of the difference between right and wrong

New cards
13

criticism for retribution

  1. fixed tariffs have no flexibility

  2. no forgiveness for offender

  3. doesn’t help prevent future offences

  4. decisions on what punishment fits a crime is subjective

New cards
14

changing behaviour so people don’t re-offend

rehabilitation

New cards
15

assumes free will and rational choice - we can do something about our behaviour

rehabilitation

New cards
16

can be seen in community sentences, probation orders and in prisons such as drug treatment or anger management courses

rehabilitation

New cards
17

treatment and programmes aims

intended to help with problems that led them commit crime and stop from committing more crimes.

New cards
18

3 treatment programmes

  1. addictions like drugs

  2. mental health condition

  3. new skill and qualification

New cards
19

British charitable service

The Forward Trust

New cards
20

they given out interventions in both communities and prisons to help people move forward with their lives

The Forward trust

New cards
21

charities for rehabilitation

The Forward Trust and Divert

New cards
22

programme which supports young adults through fulfilling their time with employment

Divert

New cards
23

1 advantage of the Divert programme

helps people get work that they are interested in

New cards
24

education and skills of rehabilitation

42% of prisoners were excluded from school meaning missing out on education .

current education in prison is inconsistent

New cards
25

left realism and rehabilitation

social factors such as poor education, unemployment and poverty causes crime.

New cards
26

skinner’s operant learning theory and rehabilitation

token economies to encourage and promote more acceptable behaviours

New cards
27

criticisms for rehabilitation

not enough effort, availability and funding into getting to the root cause of their criminality and addressing it

New cards
28

biggest use of incapacitation

prison

New cards
29

incapacitation in practice

offenders are taken out of society and so result in liability to commit further crimes.

New cards
30

mandatory minimum sentence for repeat offenders

crime (sentences) Act 1997

New cards
31

3 mandatory minimum sentences

  1. minimum 7 years class A, drug trafficking offence

  2. 3rd house burglary get automatic 3 years

  3. automatic life sentence for serious offence

New cards
32

biological theories and public protection

lombroso argues criminals are biological different compared to the rest of society and cannot change them. banishment is perfect punishment

New cards
33

right realism and public protection

incapacitation is the perfect way to protect the public.

New cards
34

1 positive evaluation of public protection

protects the public

New cards
35

4 negative evaluation of public protection

  1. mandatory minimum term for repeat offender is punishing previous convictions

  2. doesn’t allow for the offender to rehabilitate

  3. expensive and the prison population is at an all-time high

  4. impact of miscarriages of justice

New cards
36

individual deterrence

many offenders are not deterred from further offending. prison has a poor record from reducing reoffending as 46% of adults are reconvicted within 1 year of release

New cards
37

severity versus certainty

however severe a punishment may be, it will not deter if there is little risk of people caught

New cards
38

4 criticisms of deterrence

  1. punishment doesn’t stop reoffending

  2. excessive punishment used

  3. assumes the offender has knowledge of what the punishment will be caught

  4. approach not always morally right

New cards
39

rational choice theory and deterrence

see individuals as rational people who can weigh up the cost benefits of committing crime and then decide whether to offend

New cards
40

social learning theory and deterrence

believe that if potential offenders see someone being punished for their offending behaviour, they will be less likely to copy

New cards
41

restorative justice

bring offender and victim together

New cards
42

criticisms of reparation

  1. not appropriate for all crimes 2. some may think soft option

New cards
43

labelling theory and reparation

believe that restorative justice makes it possible to reintergreate offenders back into society allowing them to show their true remorse and prevents them from being punished into further crime

New cards
44

left realist and reparation

see punishment as a way of providing a practical approach to reduce crime and so produces a long-term change to develop a more equal society

New cards
45

functionalists and reparation

durkheim argues that it puts things back to the way the were before.

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 3 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 3 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 11 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 23 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 53 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 9 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 3396 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(5)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard59 terms
studied byStudied by 9 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard35 terms
studied byStudied by 13 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard56 terms
studied byStudied by 8 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard57 terms
studied byStudied by 13 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard70 terms
studied byStudied by 21 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(3)
flashcards Flashcard24 terms
studied byStudied by 12 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard62 terms
studied byStudied by 9 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard36 terms
studied byStudied by 332 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(8)