Med Term: Chapter 5 (Cardiovascular System)

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hypotension that occurs upon standing up

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Health

10th

48 Terms

1

hypotension that occurs upon standing up

Orthostatic hypotension

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2

commonly known as a heart attack

myocardial infarction

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3

life-threatening issue when donated blood and patient's blood don't match

transfusion reaction

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4

medication that gets rid of excess sodium and water

diuretic

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5

damage to the heart muscle caused by a thrombus blocking a coronary artery

coronary thrombosis

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6

clot-busting drug

thrombolytic

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7

type of heart rhythm when normal atria heartbeat is replaced with irregular, rapid, uncontrolled twitching of the heart wall

atrial fibrillation

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8

double-walled membranous sac that encloses the heart

pericardium

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9

surgical removal of plaque from the interior lining of an artery

atherectomy

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10

cardi/o

heart

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11

-crasia

mixture or blending of

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12

-emia

Blood or blood condition

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13

hem/o

Blood, relating to the blood

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14

ven/o

vein

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15

tachy-

fast, rapid

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16

erythr/o

red

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17

leuk/o

white

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18

phleb/o

vein

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19

thromb/o

clot

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20

angi/o

Blood or lymph vessel

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21

aort/o

aorta

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22

arteri/o

artery

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23

ather/o

Plaque or fatty substance

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24

brady-

slow

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25

anemia

A lower-than-normal number of erythrocytes (red blood cells) in the blood

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26

pernicious anemia

A form of anemia caused by a lack of the protein that helps the body absorb vitamin B12 , which is necessary for the formation of red blood cells

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27

megaloblastic anemia

A blood disorder characterized by anemia in which red blood cells are larger than normal

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28

hemolytic anemia

A condition of an inadequate number of circulating red blood cells due to the premature destruction of these cells by the spleen

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29

embolus

A foreign object, such as a blood clot, quantity of air or gas, or a bit of tissue or tumor, that is circulating in the blood

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30

embolism

The sudden blockage of a blood vessel by an embolus

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31

thrombosis

The abnormal condition of having a thrombus

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32

thrombus

A blood clot attached to the interior wall of a vein or an artery

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33

thrombotic occlusion

The blocking of an artery by a thrombus

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34

erythrocytes

red blood cells

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35

leukocytes

white blood cells

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36

hemoglobin

The oxygen-carrying blood protein pigment of the erythocytes

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37

leukemia

A type of cancer characterized by a progressive increase in the number of abnormal leukocytes (white blood cells) found in blood-forming tissues, other organs, and in the circulating blood

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38

leukopenia

A decrease in the number of disease-fighting white blood cells circulating in the blood

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39

angina

A condition of episodes of severe chest pain due to inadequate blood flow to the myocardium

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40

arrhythmia

The loss of the normal rhythm of the heartbeat

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41

bradycardia

An abnormally slow resting heart rate

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42

cardiac arrest

An event in which the heart abruptly stops beating or develops an arrhythmia that prevents it from pumping blood effectively

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43

tachycardia

An abnormally rapid resting heart rate

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44

hemoptysis

The expectoration of blood or bloodstained sputum derived from the lungs or bronchial tubes as the result of pulmonary or bronchial hemorrhage

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45

hemothorax

A collection of blood in the pleural cavity

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46

hypercapnia

The abnormal buildup of carbon dioxide in the blood

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47

hypoxemia

The condition of having low oxygen levels in the blood

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48

hypoxia

The condition of having deficient oxygen levels in the body's tissues and organs; less severe than anoxia

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