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Social role of music

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1

Social role of music

For entertainment of the performer. Performed by both professionals and armatures. Used in social events to get to know people and things about them.

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2

Spanish Terms/ Pieces

Villancico Oy Comamos y Bebamos

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3

Villancico

For rich people, initiated easy popular music. Homophonic in texture w/ supportive harmonies. Dance like rhythms. Strophic with refrain form.

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4

Oy Comamos y Bebamos

Juan Del Encina. Secular, villancico

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5

Italian Terms

Frottola Madrigal Canzonetta Balletto

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6

Frottola

generic term for popular settings of Italian poetry. homophonic, dance like rhythms. strophic with refrain form. Solo voice with accompaniment.

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7

Madrigal

generic term for setting of an Italian poetic stanza. Beginning to end. No verses, choruses, or repeats. Three periods of these

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8

Early madrigals

Northern Composers/ Franco Flemish area Simple, homorhythmic, separated phrases

example is Il Bianco e Dolce Cigno or the goose sex song.

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9

middle madrigals

more sophisticated musical settings. we're starting to have fun with text painting and counter point. example is la belle contrade d'oriente

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10

late madrigals

chamber music starting with point of imitation. polyphonic. we fucking love text painting so much at this point and we are no longer bitch boys who are afraid of chromatic harmonies.

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11

women's ensembles

women could be performers not composers because we hate them lol. Concerto Delle Donne Di Ferrara is a famous woman ensemble from italy.

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12

All french terms

chanson musicque mesuree

pieces: tant que vivray a ce joly moys de may rececy venir du printans

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13

canzonetta

little (italian) song. 2 passages are never performed the same (it would be embarassing) so we are now fans of ornamentation

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14

Balletto

little dance. refrain with nonsense syllables (think deck the halls fa la la la la la la la la)

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15

all german terms

meistersinger and meisterlieder

pieces: Nachdem david

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16

meistersinger and meisterlieder

renaissance music made by educated german men

created text setting rule. Also excluded women because why not.

Created in bar form or stollen and abgesang

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17

musique mesuree

academy of music. basically a bunch of scholars sharing what they've learned together like a bunch of nerds. They turned greek poetry into FRENCH MEASURED POETRY published by scholars

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18

all english terms

consort song canzonets & balletts madrigal musica transalpina lutesong tablature

pieces: sing and we chant it as cesta was from latmos hill the triumphs of oriana flow my tears

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19

consort

group of likewise instruments playing together. broken/mixed consorts include additional instruments.

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20

madrigal

so freaking cool after musica transalpina. phrase by phrase structure, both homophonic and homorhythmic textures. Lots of text painting. composers were expected to be able to write these. stolen from italians

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21

musica transalpina

music across the alps. book of Italian madrigals set to English published by Nicholas Young

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22

lutesong

take a song, play it on lute. lute version of a vocal piece is called intabulation

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23

tablature

letters and numbers for your fingers to press on certain frets (lute)

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24

types of instrumental music

dance music, arrangements of vocal music/intabulation, settings of existing melodies, variations, and abstract instrumental works

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25

dance music

various music for different dances. pavane and galliard is a popular slow to fast song combination

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26

arrangements of vocal music

intabulation for lutes, keyboard players, and guitarists. oftentimes arrangements with variations as opposed to reductions of original works

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27

settings of existing melodies

Common for composers of instrumental music to incorporate existing melodies into their compositions. An example of this is turning chorale melodies into organ melodies.

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28

variations

broader idea in renaissance than now. could vary a theme, chord progression, bass line. A group of keyboardists that did this were the english virginalists

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29

english virginalists

people playing on the virginal, designed for virgin women. bad ass band name

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30

abstract instrumentation

improv is still valued. These were designed to sound improvised. three versions of this; tocatta, ricercar, and canzona

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31

tocatta

written to sound improvised. "to touch" typically an instrument that is not wind

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32

canzona

means song. took italian song, adapted it for instruments. long- short- short rhythmic pattern. each section starts with a point of imitation and has it's own material.

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33

instrumental families

group of likewise instruments typically with voice part names (soprano, alto etc)

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34

chanson

generic term for french popular song. 4 voices with an emphasis on the top

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35

triumphs of oriana

english madrigals by thomas morley

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36

Music in venice

filled with rich people who liked music so they then funded music (and the rest of the arts).

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37

Church of St Mark

Basilica Di San Marco. NOT A CATHEDRAL. Still state church tho.

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38

Cori Spezzati

"Spaced Choirs" two choirs in separate areas singing together. Music was written for the interior of St. Mark

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39

Sonata

General term for choral ideas being put to purely instrumental music.

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40

Io non compro piu speranza

frottola (italian) by Marchetto Cara

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41

Il Bianco e dolce cigno

ITALIAN SEX SWAN MADRIGAL kind of disgusting, actually. jacob arcadelt

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42

Da le Belle contrade d'oriente

italian madrigal Cipriano de Rore

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43

Io parto e non piu dissi

Italian madrigal, Carlo Gesualdo

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44

tant que vivray

french chanson, Claudin de Sermisy

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45

a ce joly moy de may

french chanson, Clément Janequin

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46

revecy venir du printans

early madrigal, franco flemish, french, Claude Le Jeune

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47

nachdem david

meistersinger & meisterlieder, Hans Sachs

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48

sing and we chant it

english late madrigal, Thomas Morley

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49

as vesta was from latmos hill decending

english madrigal, Thomas Weelkes

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50

flow my tears

lute song, english, monophonic with discreet acompaniment

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51

pavane d'angleterre & galliard

instrumental dance music, Claude Gervaise

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52

lachrymae pavana

vocal music arranged for instrument, piano, byrd

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53

cuatro diferencias

four VARIATIONS, spanish, Luis de Narváez

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54

canzon septimi toni

church of st mark in venice FREAKING GIOVANNI GABREILI

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55

victimae paschali laudes

plainchant, easter on liturgical calendar,

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56

can vei la lauzeta

Occitan language by Bernart de Ventadorn, a 12th-century troubadour.

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57

LA QUINTE ESTAMPIE REAL

courtly dance of the 12th–14th century. Mentioned in trouvère poetry, Raimbaut de Vaqueiras

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58

viderunt (perotin)

Gregorian chant based on a Psalm. Polyphony associated with Notre Dame School

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59

sumer is icumen in

medieval English round or rota, W. de Wycombe.

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60

quam pulchra es

sacred motet by John Dunstable

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61

conditor alme siderum

hymn used during the Christian liturgical season of Advent, J.M Neale

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62

innsbruck, ich muss dich lassen

homophonic, small in form, german

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63

ein feste burg

german, martin luther, reformation period hymn

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