Chapter 5: Policing Discretion and Behavior

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50 Terms

1

Eustress

________: Stress that is good and can help motivate officers to work harder.

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2

domestic violence cases

In ________, an arrest is likely to be made because the suspect may harm the complainant by calling the police.

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3

On- the- job effects:

Stress can cause tardiness, an increase in absence, poor performance, termination, low morale, etc.

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4

Compassion Fatigue

________: This is specifically a result of helping people with traumatic experiences daily it can lead to burnout.

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5

Iron Law of Oligarchy

________: A theory that suggests even democratic organizations will eventually develop into a bureaucracy ruled by a few individuals.

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6

attitude

A(n) ________ of the Suspect: The reaction of the suspect and their behavior during questioning.

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7

Distress

________: Stress that is bad and can be harmful if it gets bad enough.

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8

Zero Tolerance Policing

________: This is a type of policing that aims to reduce minor offenses by dealing with any and all possible offenses no matter what.

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9

Police Personality

________: Most officers have certain qualities in common and they are usually looked for in the screening process of officers.

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10

Individual Discretion

________: Daily policing decisions that are made by regular officers.

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11

Discretion

________: Officers have the power to choose how they respond to the situation as long as it does not break any laws or violate anyones rights.

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12

Watchman Style

The ________: Order maintenance- oriented, fewer procedures and policies, individual problem approach, emphasis on curbside justice.

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13

Police Subculture

________: The beliefs, behaviors, and values that are typically associated with those that are police officers.

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14

Type and Seriousness of Offense:

The seriousness of the allegation and the level of crime that took place.

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15

Legalistic Style

________: Policing as law enforcement, legal rules focused, formal problem solving, committed to professionalism.

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16

Stop, question, and frisk

This is where officers will stop a pedestrian and question them about any recent criminal activity they will also search them for weapons if needed

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17

Discretion

Officers have the power to choose how they respond to the situation as long as it does not break any laws or violate anyones rights

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18

Command Discretion

Decisions made by officers who are higher up in rank like a chief

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19

Individual Discretion

Daily policing decisions that are made by regular officers

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20

Iron Law of Oligarchy

A theory that suggests even democratic organizations will eventually develop into a bureaucracy ruled by a few individuals

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21

Zero-Tolerance Policing

This is a type of policing that aims to reduce minor offenses by dealing with any and all possible offenses no matter what

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22

Type and Seriousness of Offense

The seriousness of the allegation and level of crime that took place

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23

An attitude of the Suspect

The reaction of the suspect and their behavior during questioning

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24

Contempt of Cop (COP)

This term refers to people who are disrespectful to officers

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25

Characteristics, Positions, and Preferences of the Victim

Officers may not arrest someone if the victim of the crime is someone they do not like or approve of

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26

Relationship Between the Suspect and the Victim

An officer may not arrest the suspect because they believe the complainant wants to teach the suspect a lesson

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27

Evidence of the Offense

The more evidence that is presently pointing to a suspect the more likely an officer is going to arrest them

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28

Minority Status of the Parties to the Offense

Some officers take into account race or gender whether knowingly or unknowingly officers still do it sometimes

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29

Police Personality

Most officers have certain qualities in common and they are usually looked for in the screening process of officers

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30

Psychological Theories

The theory that core values are formed before officers join a force

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31

Educational Theories

A theory that police training teaches officers core values and beliefs that are needed to be an officer

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32

Sociological Theories

A theory that officers learn values while working on the force

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33

Organizational Theories

The theory that police attitude and values are learned through working with others on the force and the organizational and working culture of the force

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34

Authoritarian

People who believe that being obedient to authority is more important than personal freedoms

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35

Police Subculture

The beliefs, behaviors, and values that are typically associated with those that are police officers

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36

Thin blue line

Perception that officers are a line between anarchy and order in society

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37

Working Personality

States that there are many elements that create an officers personality based on their job usually this includes the amount of danger they face, authority, and suspicion they have

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38

The Watchman Style

Order maintenance-oriented, fewer procedures and policies, individual problem approach, emphasis on curbside justice

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39

The Legalistic Style

Policing as law enforcement, legal rules focused, formal problem solving, committed to professionalism

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40

The Service Style

Policing as public service, community service oriented, informal problem solving, commitment to public services

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41

Eustress

Stress that is good and can help motivate officers to work harder

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42

Distress

Stress that is bad and can be harmful if it gets bad enough

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43

Internal Stressors

Stress between you and your department officers

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44

External Stressors

Stress outside of the department, this usually refers to the community or the justice system

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45

Work-Related Stressors

This is stress that comes from the day-to-day activities that officers do

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46

Compassion Fatigue

This is specifically a result of helping people with traumatic experiences daily it can lead to burnout

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47

On-the-job effects

Stress can cause tardiness, an increase in absence, poor performance, termination, low morale, etc

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48

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

Mental health condition that's triggered by a terrifying event that either was experienced or witnessed

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49

Family and Relational

Officers may be so stressed it leads them to abuse their own kids or deny them affection

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50

Thin blue line

Perception that officers are a line between anarchy and order in society.

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