Unit 3 - MWH

studied byStudied by 116 People
0.0(0)
get a hint
hint

Silk Road

1/40

Tags & Description

Studying Progress

New cards
40
Still learning
0
Almost done
0
Mastered
0
40 Terms
New cards

Silk Road

A series of trade routes that linked China to the West.

New cards
New cards

Arabian Camel

An important way of transportation on the Silk road and Trans-Saharan trade routes for thousands of years

New cards
New cards

Indian Ocean Trade

connected to Europe, Africa, and China.; worlds richest maritime trading network and an area of rapid Muslim expansion.

New cards
New cards

monsoon winds

seasonal wind in India, the winter monsoon brings hot, dry weather and the summer monsoon brings rain.

New cards
New cards

Ibn Battuta

(1304-1369) Morrocan Muslim scholar, the most widely traveled individual of his time. He wrote a detailed account of his visits to Islamic lands from China to Spain and the western Sudan. His writings gave a glimpse into the world of that time period.

New cards
New cards

Black Death/Bubonic Plague

This killed between one-third and two-thirds of the population in less than five years. The epidemic spanned from China to England to North Africa, transmitted along the Silk Road and other trade routes.

New cards
New cards

epidemic

a widespread occurrence of an infectious disease in a community at a particular time.

New cards
New cards

The Renaissance

"rebirth"; following the Middle Ages, a movement that centered on the revival of interest in the classical learning of Greece and Rome

New cards
New cards

Humanism

A Renaissance intellectual movement in which thinkers studied classical texts and focused on human potential and achievements

New cards
New cards

Petrarch

(1304-1374) Father of the Renaissance. He believed the first two centuries of the Roman Empire to represent the peak in the development of human civilization.

New cards
New cards

Sonnets to Laura

was written by Francesco Petrarch, and it was comprised of 365 sonnets for Petrarch's love, Laura. Each one expresses his love for her; he wrote them in 1327

New cards
New cards

Medici Family

Ruled Florence during the Renaissance, became wealthy from banking, spent a lot of money on art, controlled Florence for about 3 centuries

New cards
New cards

Florence

This city was once of hot spots of Renaissance culture in the 1400s,

New cards
New cards

patron

a person who gives financial or other support to a person, organization, cause, or activity

New cards
New cards

Leonardo da Vinci

A well known Italian Renaissance artist, architect, musician, mathemetician, engineer, and scientist. Known for the Mona Lisa.

New cards
New cards

Michelangelo

(1475-1564) An Italian sculptor, painter, poet, engineer, and architect. Famous works include the mural on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel, and the sculpture of the biblical character David.

New cards
New cards

Niccolo Machiavelli

(1469-1527) Wrote The Prince which contained a secular method of ruling a country. "End justifies the means."

New cards
New cards

The Prince

Written by machiavelli, described that power is more important, "better to be feared than loved"

New cards
New cards

Flanders

a thriving trading region where the northern Renaissance began

New cards
New cards

Albrecht Durer

Famous Northern Renaissance artist, he often used woodcutting along with Italian Renaissance techniques like proportion, perspective and modeling.

New cards
New cards

Sir Thomas More

(1478-1535) Englishman, lawyer, politician, Chancellor for Henry VIII. Executed by Henry VIII for not compromising his religious beliefs.

New cards
New cards

William Shakespeare

(1564 - 1616) English poet and playwright considered one of the greatest writers of the English language; works include Julius Caesar, Macbeth, Romeo and Juliet, and Hamlet.

New cards
New cards

Johannes Gutenberg

German printer who was the first in Europe to print using movable type and the first to use a press (1400-1468)

New cards
New cards

Protestant Reformation

A religious movement of the 16th century that began as an attempt to reform the Roman Catholic Church and resulted in the creation of Protestant churches.

New cards
New cards

Indulgence

A pardon given by the Roman Catholic Church in return for repentance for sins

New cards
New cards

Martin Luther

a German monk who became one of the most famous critics of the Roman Catholic Chruch. In 1517, he wrote 95 theses, or statements of belief attacking the church practices.

New cards
New cards

Charles V

This was the Holy Roman Emperor that called for the Diet of Worms. He was a supporter of Catholicism and tried to crush the Reformation by use of the Counter-Reformation

New cards
New cards

Diet of Worms

Assembly of the estates of the empire, called by Holy Roman Emperor Charles V in 1521. Luther was ordered to recant but he refused. Charles V declared Luther an outlaw.

New cards
New cards

Peace of Augsburg

1555 agreement declaring that the religion of each German state would be decided by its ruler

New cards
New cards

95 Theses

It was nailed to a church door in Wittenberg, Germany in 1517 and is widely seen as being the catalyst that started the Protestant Reformation. It contained Luther's list of accusations against the Roman Catholic Church.

New cards
New cards

Predestination

the belief that what happens in human life has already been determined by some higher power

New cards
New cards

John Calvin

1509-1564. French theologian. Developed the Christian theology known as Calvinism. Attracted Protestant followers with his teachings.

New cards
New cards

Geneva

Swiss city-state which became a Calvinist theocracy in the 1500s; today a major city in Switzerland

New cards
New cards

Henry VIII

(1491-1547) King of England from 1509 to 1547; his desire to annul his marriage led to a conflict with the pope, England's break with the Roman Catholic Church, and its embrace of Protestantism. Henry established the Church of England in 1532.

New cards
New cards

Elizabeth I

(1533-1603) Queen of England and Ireland between 1558 and 1603. She was an absolute monarch and is considered to be one of the most successful rulers of all time.

New cards
New cards

Mary Tudor (Bloody Mary)

Took the English throne in 1553. She was the oldest daughter of Henry VIII, part of the Tudor family, and a devoted Catholic. Married to Philip II of Spain. Helped lead Counter-Reformation against Protestantism. Her goal was to return Britain to the Catholic Church. Nicknamed Bloody Mary because of the 300 Protestants she killed during her reign. Died with no heirs to the throne.

New cards
New cards

The Church of England

Church created in England as a result of a political dispute between Henry VIII and the Pope, Pope would not let Henry divorce his wife

New cards
New cards

Council of Trent

Called by Pope Paul III to reform the church and secure reconciliation with the Protestants. Lutherans and Calvinists did not attend.

New cards
New cards

The Jesuits

Also known as the Society of Jesus; founded by Ignatius Loyola (1491-1556) as a teaching and missionary order to resist the spread of Protestantism.

New cards
New cards

Calvinism

Protestant sect founded by John Calvin. Emphasized a strong moral code and believed in predestination (the idea that God decided whether or not a person would be saved as soon as they were born). Calvinists supported constitutional representative government and the separation of church and state.

New cards